maalaabaar

maalaabaar
uttar keralam മaaാaaലaaാaaബaaാaaരaa്
geographical area
उत्तरी मालाबार में सूर्योदय
uttari maalaabaar mein sooryodaya
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Kerala
vidhaayak nirvaachan kshetr 67 + 2 maahe
naagrik paalika uttari range Kerala evam maahe up-mandal
janasankhya
ghanatv
1, 25,00,000 (approx.) (2001 tak )
• 814 /kimi2 (2,108 /varg meal)
lingaanupaat 1256 /
saaksharata 91.74%%
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: www.spiderkerala.com

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 12°a00′a38″aN 75°a16′a13″aE / 12.010650°aN 75.270390°aE / 12.010650; 75.270390 maalaabaar Kerala raajya me avasthit pashchimi ghaat aur arab saagar ke beech bhaarateeya praayadveep ke pashchim tat ke samaanaantar ek sankeern tatavarti kshetr hai. jab s‍aavatantr Bhaarat mein chhoti riyaasaton ka vilay hua tab traavanakor tatha kocheen riyaasaton ko milaakar 1 July, 1949 ko traavanakor-kocheen raajya bana diya gaya, kintu maalaabaar Madras praant ke adheen raha. raajya punargathan adhiniyam, 1956 ke tahat traavanakor-kocheen raajya tatha maalaabaar ko milaakar 1 November, 1956 ko Kerala raajya banaaya gaya.[1] Kerala ke adhikaansh dweep jo traavanakor-maalaabaar raajya mein aate the, ab ernaakulam jile mein aate hain.[2] maalaabaar kshetr ke antargat parvaton ka atyadhik aardr kshetr aata hai. vaneeya vanaspati mein prachur hone ke saath-saath is kshetr mein mahatvapoorn vaanijyik fasalon, jaise naariyl, supaari, kaali mirch, kaufi aur chai, rabad tatha kaajoo ka ut‍aapaadan kiya jaata hai. maalaabaar kshetr Kerala ka bada vyaavasaayik kshetr maana jaata hai. yahaaain uchchakoti ke kaagaj ka bhi nirmaan hota hai. yahaan par Asia ki sabse mashahoor plaaivud factory bhi sthit hai. iske alaava yahaan ke niktavarti sthaanon par foolon ke utpaadan tatha unke niryaat ke pramukh kendra bhi sthit hain. hastakala ki vastuon tatha beedi aadi ka utpaadan bhi maalaabaar mein kaafi hota hai.

maalaabaar tat par base hue kannoor nagar mein payanbalam, mujhaapoolangad tatha Miami jaise sundar beech hain jo abhi paryatakon mein adhik prasiddh naheen hain, ataev shaant vaataavaran banaae hue hain. yahaan paayathal malai naamak aakarshak parvateeya sthal bhi hai.[3]

nikat hi yahaan ka sarp udyaan hai jahaan par anek prakaar ke saanpon ka pradarshan kiya gaya hai. is sthaan par sarpadansh chikitsa kendra bhi bana hai.[3] maalaabaar me malaavalatam nadi ke kinaare par paraasani kadaayoo ka prasiddh mandir hai, jo keval hindu hi naheen balki anya sabhi jaatiyon ke liye bhi samaan roop se khula hai. yeh muthappan Bhagwan ka mandir maana jaata hai jo shikaariyon ke devata hain. iseeliye is mandir mein kaanse ke bane hue kutton ki moortiyaan hain.[3] yahaan taadi tatha maans ka prasaad milta hai tatha yahaan ke pujaari dalit varg ke hote hain. Kerala ki adhikaansh muslim aabaadi, jinhein mappila kehte hain isi kshetr mein nivaas karti hain.[4] maalaabaar ke hinduon mein gudi padva utsav ka vishesh mahattv hai.[5] maalaabaar kshetr ke praakrutik saundarya, sanskruti tatha pradooshan rahit vaataavaran ko dekh kar man khush ho jaata hai. vaasko da gaama ki yaatra ke 500 varsh poore hone ke kaaran yeh sthaan vishv prasiddhi praapt kar chuka hai. maalaabaar mein kaaleekat se 16 ki॰mee॰ door kaapad beech hai, jahaan 21 May, 1498 ko vaasko da gaama ne pehla kadam Bhaarat ki bhoomi par rakha tha.[3]

utpaadan

duniya mein sabse achhi kaali mirch maalaabaar kshetr se aati hai. maalaabaar mein kaali mirch ki bharpoor kheti hoti hai. ye vahi kaali mirch hai jise Portugal se aae vaasko da gaama apne saath vaapis le gaye the. iske baad kai upaniveshavaadiyon ne Bhaarat ka rukh kiya aur maalaabaar tat aur yahaaain ke masaalon par kabje ki hod-si lag gayi thi. isa poorv shataabdi mein bebeelon ke shaasak raaja ne bucharanaajar ne apne prasiddh mahalon aur mandiron ke nirmaan ke liye dakshin Bhaarat mein sthit maalaabaar se devadaar ki lakdi mangaai thi. lagbhag isi samay yufretas-tigris ghaati mein sthit chaladees ke ur mein chandrama ke vishaal mandir ke nirmaan mein maalaabaar ki saagaun ki lakdi ka upayog kiya gaya tha. baaibil ke old testaameind mein likha hai ki yerushalam ka raaja soloman 973-933 E. poo. maalaabaar tat se aayaatit sona, chaaaindi, haathi daant, chandan ki salakadi, habandaron aur moron par garv karta tha. jab sheeba ki raani soloman se milne I to apne saath oonton ke ek bade kaaravaan par badi maatra mein Bhaarat se aayaatit masaale, sona aur veshakeemati patthar lekar I thi. periplas' ke anusaar maalaabaar tat ke mujarim arab aur grees se maal lekar aane vaale jahaajon se bhare rahate the. ye jahaaj sona, chaandi, pukharaaj, taanba, teen seesa aur kuchh badhiya kism ki sharaab le aate the aur yahaan se kaali mirch, chandan ki lakdi, haatheedaant, moti, tatha javaaharat le jaate the. yavan apne jahaaj mujaris mein le aate the. Bhaarat mein sabse pehle 52 E. mein isaai dharm prachaarak ka pravesh maalaabaar mein hua tha. unka naam tha seint Thomas. unhonne maalaabaar ke tateeya ilaakon mein dharm prachaar ka kaam shuroo kiya tatha saat church banaae. aajkal Bhaarat aur amareeka ka saanjha sainya abhyaas bhi maalaabaar ke tateeya kshetron mein ho raha hai.[6]

sandarbh