maaispes

MySpace
Myspacelogo2013.svg
prakaar Subsidiary
sthaapana 2003
mukhyaalaya Beverly Hills, California, US
sevit kshetr Worldwide
ganamaanya vyakti Tom Anderson (President)
Owen Van Natta (CEO)
Mike Jones (COO)
Jason Hirschhorn (CPO)
svaami News Corporation
karmachaari 1000[1]
naara A Place for Friends
jaalasthal www.myspace.com
aileksa shreni 17
jaalasthal ka prakaar Social network service
vigyaapan Google, AdSense
panjeekaran Required
upalabdh 15 languages
chaaloo hui August 2003
vartamaan sthiti Active

maaispes ek saamaajik networking website hai. iska mukhyaalaya bevarli hills, California mein hai[2] jahaan yeh apne niktatam maalik news kaurp. digital media ke saath, jo news kaurporeshan ke adheen hai, kaaryaalaya saajha karta hai. maaispes, June 2006 mein sanyukt raajya America mein sabse lokapriya saamaajik networking site ban gaya.[3] kaumaskor ke anusaar, adviteeya aagantukon ke maasik aadhaar par, maaispes ko antarraashtreeya star par iske mukhya pratidvandvi fesabuk ne April 2008 mein peechhe chhod diya.[4][5] June 2009 mein apne 30% karmachaariyon ki chhantani karne ke baad,[6] ab maaispes mein 1000 karmachaari kaaryarat hain, yeh company news kaurporeshan se pruthak, apne raajasv ya laabh ka khulaasa naheen karti. sauvaan million khaata 9 August 2006 ko[7] Netherland mein khola gaya.[8]

anukram

itihaas

fauks intaraektiv media ka mukhyaalaya, 407 North mepal drive, bevarli hills, California mein hai jahaan maaispes bhi hai.

2002 mein freindsatar ke shubhaarambh ke baad, freindstar khaate vaale E-yunivrs ke kai karmachaariyon ne iski kshamata ko dekha aur August 2003 mein saamaajik networking website ki adhik lokapriya visheshataaon ki nakal karne ka faisala kiya. 10 dinon ke bheetar, maaispes ka pehla sanskaran, vimochan ke liye taiyaar tha.[9] saait ke liye vitt, maanav sansaadhan, takaneeki visheshajnyaata, baindavidth aur sarvar kshamata ki sampoorn buniyaadi suvidhaaen sulabh theen, isliye maaispes ka dal shurooaat karne ke vishisht muddon se vichlit naheen tha. is pariyojana ka nirikshan braid greenaspain ne kiya (E-yunivrs ke sansthaapak, adhyaksh, CEO), jinhonne kris de volf (maaispes ke aaranbhik CEO), josh barman, Tom Anderson (maaispes ke shurooaati adhyaksh) aur E-yunivrs dvaara pradaan kiye gaye ek prograamar dal aur sansaadhanon ka prabandhan kiya.

maaispes ke sarvapratham upayogakarta E-yunivrs ke karmachaari the. company ne yeh dekhne ke liye pratiyogita aayojit ki ki kaun sarvaadhik upayogakartaaon ko sign-ap karavaata hai.[10] company ne maaispes ko aam janta tak pahunchaane ke liye tab apne sansaadhanon ka istemaal kiya. E-yunivrs ne maaispes mein teevrata ke saath jaan foonkane ke liye apne 20 million graahakon aur E-mel upayogakartaaon ka istemaal kiya,[11] aur use saamaajik networking websiton ke jhund mein shikhar par pahunchaane ki koshish ki. ek pramukh nirmaata the takaneeki visheshagya toaan guyen, jinhonne maaispes pletaform ko sthir karne mein tab madad ki, jab braid greenaspain ne unhein dal mein shaamil hone ke liye kaha.[12]

MySpace.com domen ka mool ek saait thi jo YourZ.com, Inc ke svaamitv mein thi.[13] ise 2002 tak ek agrani online data sangrahan aur aadaan-pradaan ki site banana tha. 2004 tak, maaispes aur MySpace.com, jo YourZ.com se jude hue ek brand ke roop mein maujood the[14][15] ne ek aabhaasi sangrahan saait se ek saamajik networking site ke roop mein parivartan kiya. yeh, kris devolf aur ek dost se sahaj sambandh hai, jisne unhein yaad dilaaya ki usane is URL domen, MySpace.com ko pehle hi khreeda tha, jise web hosting site ke roop mein istemaal kiye jaane ka iraada tha,[16] kyonki donon hi ek samay mein aabhaasi data sangrahan vyavasaaya mein kaam karte the, jo swayam hi "dot bam" yug ka shikaar tha.

site ka shubhaarambh karne ke fauran baad, team ke sadasya kris devolf ne sujhaav diya ki unhein maaispes ki buniyaadi seva ke liye shulk lena shuroo karna chaahiye.[17] braid greenaspain ne is vichaar ko mahattv naheen diya, unka maanana tha ki maaispes ko ek vishaal aur safal samudaaya banaane ke liye ni:shulk aur khula rakhana aavashyak hai.[18]

devolf aur barman sahit maaispes ke kuchh karmachaari baad mein is sampatti mein ikviti khareedne mein saksham rahe, isse pehle ki maaispes aur usaki janak company E-universe ko (jiska naya naam ab intaramiks media hai) July 2005 mein US$580 mein roopart mardok ke news kaurporeshan ne khareed liya (fauks braudakaasting aur anya media companiyon ki janak company).[9][19] is raashi mein se, vitteeya salaahakaar nishpakshata rai ke anusaar lagbhag US$327 million maaispes ke moolya mein pradaan kiya gaya hai.[20]

January 2006 mein, fauks ne "Britain ke sangeet paridrushya ka dohan karne"[21] ke prayaas mein maaispes ke ek british sanskaran ko jaari karne ki yojana ki ghoshana ki, jo unhonne uske baad kiya. unhonne cheen mein bhi ek sanskaran jaari kiya[22] aur tab se unhonne aise hi sanskaranon ka anya deshon mein shubhaaranbh kiya hai.

maaispes ka kaurporet itihaas aur saath hi maaispes ke sansthaapak ke roop mein Tom Anderson ki sthiti saarvajanik vivaad ka vishay rahi hai.

naveen design

2007 aur 2008 ke dauraan, maaispes ne leaaut aur kriyaaon, donon mein apni site ki suvidhaaon ko pun: dijaain kiya. pun: dijaain ki gayi suvidhaaon mein se ek tha upayogakarta hom pej, jis par sthiti adyatan, anuprayog aur sadasyataaen jaisi suvidhaaon ko fesabuk ke saath pratispardha ko dhyaan mein rakhakar joda gaya. 2008 mein, maaispes ke homapej ko pun: dijaain kiya gaya. maaispes myujik ko 2008 ki sharad ritu mein, maaispes profaail ke ek adyatan sanskaran ke saath, pun: nirmit kiya gaya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

10 March 2010 ko, maaispes ek sudhaar se gujra aur ismein kuchh nai suvidhaaon ko joda gaya jaise nae upayogakartaaon ke liye sifaarish engine jo unki pichhli khoj aadaton ke aadhaar par khel, sangeet aur video ka sujhaav deta hai. yeh website, maaispes gemars ke liye game elart bhejane ke alaava unke liye kai sookshm mobile anuprayog bhi jaari karegi. yeh site 20 se 30 sookshm anuprayog jaari kar sakti hai aur agale saal chalne lagegi.[23]

raajasv model

maaispes, poorn roop se vigyaapan dvaara utpann raajasv se sanchaalit hota hai choonki iska upayogakarta model mein upayogakarta ke liye bhugataan yukt koi suvidha naheen hai.[24] apni web site aur sambaddh vigyaapan network ke maadhyam se, maaispes apne upayogakartaaon ke baare mein data ekatrit karne ki kshamata mein aur is prakaar pratyek aagantuk dvaara dekhe jaane vaale vigyaapan ke chunaav ke liye vyavahaarajanak lakshyeekaran ke prayog ki apni kshamata ke maamale mein sirf Yahoo! se peechhe hote hue doosare sthaan par hai.[25]

8 August 2006 ko, sarch engine Google ne maaispes par Google sarch ki suvidha aur vigyaapan pradaan karne ke liye $900 million ke samjhaute par hastaakshar kiye.[26][27][28] maaispes, un tamaam chhoti companiyon ke liye ek apratyaashit aay ka srot siddh hua jo ki saamaajik networking ke dhurandharon ko vijets ya sahaayak upakaran pradaan karte hain. Slide.com, RockYou aur YouTube jaisi sabhi companiyon ko maaispes par, vijet ke roop mein site ke liye atirikt kaaryakshamata upalabdh karaane ke liye shuroo kiya gaya. anya saaiton ne saait ko nijeekrut karne ke liye leaaut banaaya aur iske maalikon ke liye saikadon hajaar dollar paida kiye jinmein se adhikaansh kishoravaya ke uttaraardh ya umr ke beesavein dashak mein the.[29][30]

November 2008 mein, maaispes ne ghoshana ki ki upayogakarta dvaara upload ki gayi aisi saamagri jisse MTV aur uske sahaayak network dvaara dhaaran kiye gaye kaupeeraait ka ullanghan hota hai, use vijnyaaapanon ke saath pun: vitrit kiya jaaega jisse companiyon ke liye raajasv utpann hoga.[31]

haal ke maheenon mein Facebook aur twitter ke mukaabale iski lokapriyta mein ghataav ke baavajood, roopart mardok ki maaispes ko bechne ki koi yojana naheen hai aur na hi twitter ko khareedne ki. mardok ne is site ko apna vyaktigat samarthan diya, jabki unke vichaar se twitter ko apne khud ke dam par paisa banaane ke tareeke nikaalne mein vakt lagega.[32] haalaanki, 2009 mein, maaispes ne ek nai sthiti adyatan suvidha ko joda. agar ek maaispes upayogakarta ke paas twitter khaata hai, to tweet maaispes ki sthiti ko bhi adyatan karega. (Facebook mein bhi aisi hi samaan suvidha hai.) lekin iske liye yeh aavashyakta hai ki donon khaate aapas mein samakramik hone chaahiye.

maaispes profaail ki saamagri

moods

moods, chhote imotaaaikan hain jinka prayog upayogakarta ke mood ko darshaane ke liye kiya jaata hai. is suvidha ko July 2007 mein joda gaya.

blarbs, blaugs, malteemeediya

profaailon mein do maanak "blarbs" shaamil hote hain: "mere baare mein" aur "main kisase milna chaahata hoon" khand. profaailon mein ek "ruchiyaan" anubhaag aur ek "vivran" anubhaag bhi hote hain. "vivran" anubhaag mein, "sthiti" aur "raashi chinh" kshetr hamesha pradarshit hote hain. haalaanki, agar sadasya inhein naheen bharta hai to in anubhaagon ke kshetr pradarshit naheen honge. profaail mein ek blog bhi shaamil hai jismein saamagri, bhaavana aur media ke maanak kshetr pradarshit hain. maaispes, chhaviyon ko upload karne ka bhi samarthan karta hai. kisi ek chhavi ko "difault chhavi" chuna ja sakta hai, vah chhavi jo profaail ke mukhya prushth, khoj prushth par dikhti hai aur yahi chhavi tippani, sandesh ityaadi par upayogakarta ke naam ke bagal mein dikhaai degi. fotofleksar dvaara sanchaalit ek chhavi sampaadak upalabdh hai jo na keval chhaviyon ko chhaant sakta hai aur kantraast ko samaayojit kar sakta hai, balki us chhavi ko ek kaartoon mein ya nion prakaash se bane rekha chitr mein parivrtit kar sakta hai, ya upayogakarta ke chehare ko $100 bill ke photo mein daal sakta hai. flaish ko, jaisa ki maaispes ki video seva par hai, sannihit kiya ja sakta hai. blogging suvidhaaen bhi upalabdh hain.

tippaniyaan

upayogakarta ke freinds space ke neeche (difault dvaara) "tippani" khand hai, jahaan upayogakarta ke mitr, sabhi darshakon ke padhne ke liye tippani chhod sakte hain. maaispes upayogakartaaon ke paas yeh vikalp hota hai ki ve kisi bhi tippani ko mita sakte hain aur/ya kisi bhi tippani ko post karne se pehle anumodit karne ko aavashyak bana sakte hain. yadi kisi upayogakarta ka khaata mita diya jaata hai, to upayogakarta dvaara anya profaail par chhodi gayi tippani mit jaayegi aur usaki jagah yeh tippani likhi hogi ki "yeh profaail ab maujood naheen hai."

profaail anukoolan (HTML)

maaispes, upayogakartaaon ko apne upayogakarta profaail prushth ko HTML (JavaScript naheen) ke pravesh dvaara, aise kshetron ko jaise "mere baare mein," "main milna chaahata hoon" aur "ruchiyaan" anukoolit karne ki anumati deta hai. video aur flaish aadhaarit saamagri ko is tarah se shaamil kiya ja sakta hai. upayogakartaaon ke paas, maaispes myujik ka upayog karte hue apne profaail pej mein sangeet jodne ka bhi vikalp hai, yeh seva baindon ko maaispes par upayog ke liye geeton ko post karne ki anumati deti hai.

prayokta prushth ki difault style sheet par adhirohan karne ke liye maaispes sampaadak ke prayog se in kshetron mein se ek mein CSS (<style> ... </style> tatv mein) ke pravesh dvaara apne prushth ke saamaanya svaroop ko parivrtit kar sakta hai. faunt aur rangon ko sajaane ke liye ise aksar istemaal kiya jaata hai. yeh tathya ki upayogakarta dvaara joda gaya CSS prushth ke madhya mein sthit (<head> tattv mein sthit hone ke bajaay) hone ka arth hai ki prushth, achaanak se custom leaaut mein parivrtit hone se pehle, difault maaispes leaaut ke saath lod hona shuroo hoga. ek vishesh prakaar ka sanshodhan hai div ovarale, jahaan difault leaaut bade naatakeeya roop se difault tekst ko

taig aur vishaal chhaviyon se chhupaate hue badal deta hai.

aise kai svatantr web site hain jo maaispes leaaut dijaain upayogitaaon ko pesh karti hain jisse ek upayogakarta apne prushth ko jaisa dekhna chaahata hai vaisa vikalp aur poorvaavalokan ka chayan kar sakta hai.

maaispes ne haal hi mein site mein iska swayam ka "profaail kastamaaijr" joda hai, jo upayogakartaaon maaispes ke maadhyam se apne profaail ko badalne ki anumati deta hai. is suvidha ka upayog, CSS ke lod hone ki deri ke mudde se bachaata hai, kyonki anukoolit profaail ke liye maaispes difault code badal jaata hai. maaispes profaail sampaadak mein, profaail par link kaise dikhaai deinge, iske saath ek aalochna bhi hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

sangeet

website ke maaispes myujik khand mein, sangeetakaaron ke liye jo maaispes profaail hai vah aam profaail se is prakaar se bhinn hai ki vah kalaakaaron ko unke MP3 gaane ki poori diskograafi upload karne ki anumati deta hai. apalodar ke paas gaanon ke prayog ka adhikaar zaroor hona chaahiye (udaaharan ke liye, unka apna kaam, praapt anumati, aadi). gair-sadasya sangeetakaar, sangeet post karne aur bechne ke liye SNOCAP ka upayog karte hue maaispes ka prayog kar sakte hain, jo maaispes upayogakartaaon ke beech lokapriya saabit hua hai.

fauks news aur 20th century fauks ke maalik, roopart mardok ko maaispes bechne ke kuchh hi samay baad, 2005 mein unhonne apna khud ka record lebal jaari kiya, maaispes rikaurds, is prayaas mein ki maaispes myujik par vartamaan mein maujood sangeet ki agyaat pratibhaaon ko khoja ja sake.[16] is baat ki paravaah kiye bina ki kalaakaar udyog mein pehle se hi prasiddh hai ya abhi bhi kisi avsar ki talaash mein hai, koi bhi kalaakaar maaispes par apne gaane upload kar sakta hai aur ek dainik aadhaar par laakhon logon tak usaki pahunch ho sakti hai. kuchh prasiddh gaayakon, jaise lili elan aur shaun kingstan ne maaispes ke maadhyam se prasiddhi praapt ki. is website par sangeet ki upalabdhata ka vikaas hota ja raha hai, jo bade paimaane par yuva pratibha ke dvaara prerit hai. kareeb aath million se adhik kalaakaaron ki maaispes dvaara khoj ki ja chuki hai aur pratidin kai anya khoj jaari hain.[33]

maaispes ne haal hi mein apne sangeet prushth ko sabhi sangeetakaaron ke liye nai suvidhaaen jodte hue badla hai. in nai suvidhaaon mein shaamil hai, upayogakartaaon dvaara geet-soochi banaane ki kshamata, jo Last.fm aur anya saamaajik sangeet websiton ke samaan hai, saath hi lokapriya projektaplelist ko bhi shaamil kiya hai jo profaailon par lokapriya hai. yeh nai sangeet suvidha kai lokapriya kalaakaaron se bhi gaanon ka sangrah banaati hai, yeh iTunes aur naipastar jaisi sevaaon ke samaan hai. sangeet laaiseinsing adhikaar ki vajah se, March 2010 mein shuroo karte hue, maaispes myujik, ek sangeet ki dukaan mein badal gaya hai aur keval hastaaksharit kalaakaaron ke liye 30 second ke namoone bajaane ki anumati deta hai.

2007 ke uttaraardh mein, is site ne maaispes prasaaran ki shurooaat ki, yeh prasiddh kalaakaaron dvaara sajeev studio rikaurding ki ek shrrunkhala hai.

maaispes visheshataaen

buletin

buletin, post hain jinhein maaispes upayogakarta ke doston ki soochi dekhne ke liye ek "buletin board" par sabhi ke liye post kiya jaata hai. buletin is maamale mein upayogi hai ki upayogakartaaon ko vyaktigat roop se ek-ek karke sandesh dene ke bajaay, poori mitr soochi se sampark kiya ja sakta hai. kuchh upayogakarta buletin ka upayog, raajanitik, dhaarmik ya kisi anya vishay se sambandhit shrrunkhala sandesh bhejane ki seva ke roop mein karte hain aur kabhi-kabhi in shrrunkhala sandeshon ko upayogakartaaon ke liye khatarnaak maana jaata hai, vishesh roop se aise sandeshon ko jinmein durbhaagya, maut, ya aise kisi vishay ka ullekh hota hai.[34] ve fishing ke liye hamle ke praathamik bindu ban gaye hain. buletinon ko das dinon ke baad mita diya jaata hai.

samooh

maaispes mein ek samooh suvidha hai jo upayogakartaaon ke ek samooh ko ek aam prushth aur sandesh board ko saajha karne ki anumati deta hai. samooh, kisi ke bhi dvaara banaaya ja sakta hai aur samooh ka madhyasth kisi ko bhi shaamil hone ke liye kisi ko bhi chun sakta hai ya shaamil hone ke anurodh ko sveekaar ya inkaar kar sakta hai.

maaispesaIM

2006 ke aarambh mein, maaispes ne maaispesaIM shuroo kiya, ek tvarit sandesh-vaahak jo kisi ke maaispes khaate ko screen naam ke roop mein upayog karta hai. ek maaispes upayogakarta, client mein usi E-mel ka prayog karte hue laug karta hai jo uske maaispes khaate ke saath juda hua hai. maaispes ke anya bhaagon ke vipreet, maaispesaIM, Microsoft Windows ke liye svachalit software hai. upayogakarta, jo maaispesaIM ka upayog karte hain, nae maaispes sandesh, mitr anurodh aur tippaniyon ki tatkaal adhisoochana praapt karte hain.

maaispesaTV (video)

2007 ke aarambh mein, maaispes ne maaispesaTV ki shurooaat ki, Youtube video saajha website jaisi hi ek seva. maaispes, 2006 se hi video dikha raha hai, lekin isne filhaal ke liye naam badal kar maaispesaTV kar diya hai. 2009 mein, maaispesaTV ek baar fir maaispes video ban gaya.

anuprayog

2008 mein, maaispes ne ek API shuroo kiya jiske dvaara upayogakarta anya upayogakartaaon ke liye unke profaail par post karne ke liye anuprayog bana sakte hain. ye anuprayog Facebook ke anuprayog ke samaan hain. May 2008 mein, maaispes ne tasveeron aur anya media ke sandarbh mein kuchh suraksha vikalpon ko joda.

maaispes mobile

aise kai vaataavaran hain jismein upayogakarta apne mobile phone par maaispes saamagri ka upayog kar sakte hain. ameriki mobile phone seva pradaata heleeo ne 2006 ke aarambh mein mobile fonon ki ek shrrunkhala jaari ki jo maaispes mobile naam ki ek seva ka upayog kar sakti hai jisse ek sadasya apne profaail tak ja kar use sanpaadit kar sakta hai aur saath hi anya profaailein bhi dekh sakta hai.[35] iske atirikt, UIEvolution aur maaispes ne, AT&T,[36] vodaafon[37] aur rojars wireless[38] sahit, ek vyaapak star par vaahakon ke liye maaispes ke ek mobile sanskaran ko viksit kiya.

maaispes news

2007 ke April maheene mein, maaispes ne MySpace News naamak ek seva ki shurooaat ki jo RSS feed se samaachaar pradarshit karta hai, jise upayogakarta jama karte hain. yeh upayogakartaaon ko matadaan dvaara pratyek samaachaar ko darja dene ki anumati deta hai. jis samaachaar ko jitna adhik vote milta hai, vah prushth par utane hi oonche sthaan par jaati hai.

maaispes klaaseefaaid

poorn vargeekrut seva soochi ki peshakash ko August 2006 mein shuroo kiya gaya. apne shubhaarambh ke baad se ismein har saal 33 pratishat ke hisaab se vruddhi hui. maaispes klaaseefaaid ko theek usi samay jaari kiya tha jab yeh saait Internet par dikhaai di.[39]

maaispes karaaoke

29 April 2008 mein shuroo hone wala ksolo.myspace.com, maaispes aur kSolo ka sanyojan hai, jo upayogakartaaon ko swayam ki dhvani rikaurding ko profaail pej par upload karne ki anumati deta hai. upayogakarta ke dost us pradarshan ka moolyaankan karne mein saksham hote hain. ek video suvidha abhi tak upalabdh naheen hai, lekin maaispes ke sah sansthaapak aur adhyaksh, Tom Anderson ne kaha hai ki is par kaam jaari hai.[40]

maaispes pol

maaispes pol, maaispes par sulabh ek suvidha hai jise 2008 mein vaapas laaya gaya taaki upayogakarta apne profaail par matadaan post karne mein saksham ho sakein aur use anya upayogakartaaon ke saath saajha kar sakein.

maaispes forum

apni forum pranaali ke liye, maaispes, telijeint kamyuniti ke ek kaaryaanvayan ka upayog karta hai.[41]

raajaneeti

  • 2008 mein ameriki raashtrapati chunaav ke dauraan, sanbhaavyat: yuva matadaataaon ko aakarshit karne ke prayaas mein, ummeedavaaron ne maaispes profaail banaaya. adhikaansh profaail mein photo, blog, video ke saath aise tareeke shaamil the jinse darshakon ko prachaar mein shaamil kiya ja sake. maaispes, in netaaon ke profaail ko apne pehle panne par, "kool new peepal" khand mein darshaata hai, jo ek yaadruchhik chakraanukram mein prateet hota hai.
  • kai raajaneetik sangathanon ne maaispes khaaton ko banaaya hai taaki apne sadasyon se sampark rakhane ke alaava apne sadasyon ke aadhaar ka vistaar kiya ja sake. inmein bade sangathanon, jaise John barch society aur ACLU se lekar chhote sthaaneeya star ke paryaavaranavid samooh aur food not baum ke kaaryakarta.

sameeksha

pahunch aur vishvasaneeyata

choonki adhikaansh maaispes prushthon ko aise vyaktiyon dvaara dijaain kiya jaata hai jinhein HTML ka kam hi anubhav hota hai, prushthon ki ek badi sankhya W3C dvaara nirdhaarit ek vaidh HTML ya CSS ke maanadandon ko poora naheen karti. kharaab tareeke se svaroopit code, screen reedar jaise software ka upayog karne vaale logon ke liye abhigm samasyaaen paida kar sakte hain.[42] maaispes mukh prushth, yatha 20 May 2009, W3C satyaapak ka prayog karte hue kareeb 101 truti ke saath HTML satyaapan mein vifal ho jaata hai (gatisheel saamagri ke kaaran yeh sankhya hom pej ke kramik satyaapan par badal jaati hai).[43]

iske alaava, maaispes ko aise roop mein sthaapit kiya gaya hai ki koi bhi apne profaail prushth ke leaaut aur rang ko lagbhag bina kisi pratibandh ke anukoolit kar sakta hai, basharte ki vigyaapan, CSS dvaara dhake naheen hon ya anya maadhyamon ke upayog se. choonki maaispes upayogakarta aamtaur par kushal web devalapar naheen hote hain, isse aage bhi samasya paida ho sakti hai. kharaab tareeke se nirmit maaispes profaail, vikrut CSS koding ke kaaran ya upayogakartaaon dvaara apne profaail mein uchch baindavidth waali saamagriyon, jaise vidio, graafiks aur flaish ke prayog ke kaaran web braaujr ko sambhaavit roop se kund kar sakte hain. jabki maaispes, profaail se sambhaavit haanikaarak code ko block karta hai (jaise jaavaaskript), upayogakartaaon ko kabhi-kabhi inhein sammilit karne ke liye tareeke praapt ho jaate hain. PC world ne is tathya ko ek pramukh kaaran bataaya hai jiske chalte usane maaispes ko, apne aaj tak ke sarvaadhik nikrusht web saaiton ki soochi par ise #1 par naamit kiya hai.[44]

iske alaava, nai suvidhaaon ko dheere-dheere joda gaya hai (dekhein suvidhaaen). isse aur maaispes ke sadasyon ki badhti sankhya se prayukt baindavidth mein vruddhi hoti hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

suraksha

October 2005 mein, maaispes ki site dijaain mein ek dosh ka, semi dvaara pratham sv-prasaarit kraus-site skripting (XSS) vaurm banaane ke liye durupayog kiya gaya. MSNBC ne report di ki "saamaajik networking saaitein, jaise maaispes, spaaiveyar ke liye ek adda banta ja raha hai" aur "sankraman daron mein vruddhi jaari hai, aanshik roop se MySpace.com jaisi saamaajik networking saaiton ki badhti lokapriyta ko dhanyavaad."[45] iske alaava, upayogakarta prushthon ka anukoolan, vartamaan mein kuchh vishisht HTML ke praveshan ki anumati deta hai jise fishing upayogakarta profaail banaane ke liye taiyaar kiya ja sakta hai, is prakaar pate ke roop mein MySpace.com domen ko rakha ja sakta hai.[46] haal hi mein, fishing ke parinaamasvaroop jo buletin the un par spaim paaya gaya.[47] upayogakartaaon ne apne maaispes mukhaprushth par aise buletin dekhe jo unhonne post naheen kiye the aur baad mein unhein mahasoos hua ki ve fishing ka shikaar hue hain. buletin mein ek vigyaapan hai jo ek nakali laugin screen ke liye ek link pradaan karta hai aur unhein apna maaispes E-mel aur paasavaard type karne ke liye jhaansa deta hai.

profaail saamagri se hi sambandhit anya suraksha aashankaaen bhi maujood hain. udaaharan ke liye, video ko shaamil karna, sabhi praaroop kshamataaon aur kaaryon ko prushth par istemaal kiye jaane ki svaabhaavik roop se anumati deta hai. iska ek pramukh udaaharan December 2006 ke maamale mein dekhne ko mila, jab embeded kviktaaim video ko JavaScript faailon tak pahunch vaale haaiparalink ke saath dikhaaya gaya, jise upayogakarta dvaara ek "fishd profaail pej' par jaakar chalaaya ja sakta tha, ya kuchh maamalon mein ek upayogakarta ke "abaaut mi" ko site par kaheen aur dekhte hue. aise prayokta jo apni laugin jaankaari ko, prakat hone vaale ek nakali laugin baar mein darj kareinge, ve bhi fishing ke shikaar ho jaayeinge aur unke khaate ka prayog anya sadasyon ko avaanchhaneeya E-mel bhejane ke liye kiya jaaega, is prakaar yeh is suraksha samasya failegi.[48]

maaispes ke fishing virodhi aur spaim virodhi upaayon ko bhi is samasya ke dushprabhaav ka saamana karna pada hai. maaispes ne 2007 mein kuchh aise parivartan kiye jisse profaail par baahya link ko http://msplinks.com ke maadhyam se pun: nirdeshit kiya jaaega. udaaharan ke liye, http://en.wikipedia.org badal kar http://www.msplinks.com/MDFodHRwOi8vZW4ud2lraXBlZGlhLm9yZw== ho jaaega.(naya link Base64 koding dvaara nirdhaarit hoga, kyonki link ko vaapas apne mool URL mein deekod karne ke tareeke maujood hain.[49]) maaispes karmachaari, sambhaavit khatarnaak link ko nishkriya karne mein saksham honge. (parivrtit link tabhi kaam karega jab HTTP refarar ek maaispes prushth hai; anyatha yeh link nishkriya ho jaaega.) is kadam ki aalochna ki gayi hai, kyonki yeh profaail sanpaadan ko mushkil karta hai aur spaimar ko rokane ke liye kuchh naheen karta hai. February 2008 mein, maaispes ne pranaali ko is roop mein badal diya ki jo upayogakarta aise link par klik kareinge (vhaaitalist vaale domen jaise vikipeediya aur Youtube ko chhodkar), unhein ek chetaavani milegi ki ve MySpace.com domen ko chhod rahe hain. yatha March 2008, is "suvidha" ko blaugon ke liye bhi badha diya gaya hai, haalaanki pichhli blog pravishtiyaan aprabhaavit rahati theen jab tak ki upayogakarta unhein adyatan na kare.

January 2008 mein, America ke 49 raajyon ke atorni janaralon ne maaispes aur anya sevaaon ke liye online suraksha ke liye disha-nirdesh likhe. unamein shaamil tha saamaajik networking sevaaon par pratibandhit vyavahaar.[50]

26 January 2008 ko, 567,000 se adhik maaispes upayogakartaaon ki niji tasveeron ko ek bag ka upayog karte hue daaunalod kiya gaya, yeh bag Youtube par prakaashit aur paairetabe taureint site par daaunalod ke liye daala gaya tha.[51]

maaispes party samasyaaen

maaispes ko aksar paartiyon ko prachaarit karne ke liye ek sthal ke roop mein prayog kiya jaata hai, kabhi-kabhi mejabaan ke sanjnyaaan ke saath aur kabhi-kabhi usaki jaankaari ke bina. achhi tarah se prachaarit kuchh aisi ghatnaaen hain jahaan maaispes paartiyon ne, sampatti ko hajaaron dollar ka nuksaan pahunchaaya hai aur yahaan tak ki (kam se kam ek maamale mein) mrutyu bhi.

  • melaborn, Australia mein naare vauren ke ek solah varsheeya ladke, kaure vardigtan dvaara di gayi party ne, jise maaispes par vijnyaaapit kiya gaya tha, 500 logon ko aakarshit kiya. police kaaron par hamla kiya gaya aur shvaan daste aur ek helicopter ko bulaaya gaya. is ghatna ko antarraashtreeya star par uchhaala gaya. (vardigtan ko baad mein party ke ek pravartak ke roop mein kaam mil gaya aur vah ten network ke big brother ke Australiaee sanskaran mein dikhaai diya.)[52] the Sydney maurning heraald ke online takaneek lekhak, aasher mojej ne kaha ki maaispes/Facebook paartiyaan, vishesh roop se getakraishing se grasit hoti hain kyonki kaaryakramon ki khabarein, "nyoojfeed" ke maadhyam se bin bulaae mehamaanon tak fail sakti hain. unhein aashanka hai ki kuchh party mejabaan, sandesh praapt karne vaale vaastavik logon ki sankhya se anajaan hote hain."[53][53][54]
  • April 2007 mein, ek satrah varsheeya british ladki ne maaispes par jaankaari prasaarit karte hue ek party di, jiska sheershak kathit "chalo ausat parivaar ke aakaar ke ghar ko disco party se kachara kar dein." uske maata-pita ko lagbhag £a24,000 ($48,000) ka bill police ko dena pada.[53][55]
  • elan joplin, siyetal ka ek satrah varsheeya ameriki uchch vidyaalaya chhaatr ko, maaispes ke maadhyam se prachaarit ki gayi ek party ke dauraan goli maar di gayi.[53][56]

bachchon ki suraksha

maaispes par ek khaate ko panjeekrut karne ke liye nyoonatam aayu 13 varsh hai, lekin yeh kabhi 14 hua karti thi aur kai log aaj bhi ise 14 hi samajhte hain.[57][58][59] 13-15 varshon ke beech ke profaail svachaalit roop se niji hote hain. 16 ya usase adhik umr ke upayogakartaaon ke paas apne profaail ko sabhi ke liye dekhne ke nimitt vikalp hota hai. jo khaata "niji" (ya solah se kam umr) hai us vyakti ke poore profaail ko dekhna ya use sandesh dena, maaispes upayogakarta ke seedhe doston tak seemit hai.

maaispes, nakali profaail ko hata deta hai yadi peedit unki pehchaan ki pushti karta hai aur profaail ko E-mel ke maadhyam se ingit karta hai.[60] July 2007 mein, company ne panjeekrut yaun aparaadhiyon ke 29,000 profaail ko khoja aur nasht kiya.[61] peedofaail-virodhi sangathan, parvarted Justice ne peedofaail se nipatne ke prayaason mein apni seva ka upayog karne ke liye maaispes ki prashansa ki hai.[62]

haal hi mein, maaispes, kai khabaron ki surkhiyon mein tha jismein kaha gaya ki kishoron ne maaispes dvaara nirdhaarit pratibandh ke ird-gird tareeke nikaal liye hain. bhavishya mein umr aadhaarit pravesh pratibandhon ko laagoo karne ke liye adhik kade upaaya kiye jaayeinge, jaise kisi computer ke IP pate ka upayog karte hue maaispes ke prayog ka prayaas kar rahe vyakti ko rokana.[63] pratikriya mein, maaispes ne maata-pitaaon ko aashvaasan diya hai ki website sabhi umr ke logon ke liye surakshit hai. June 2006 mein shurooaat karte hue, maaispes upayogakarta jinki umr 18 se adhik set hai, ve ab 13 se 15 ke beech umr vaale upayogakartaaon ko dost ke roop mein naheen jod sakte hain, jab tak ki ve us upayogakarta ka poora naam ya imel pata na jaante hon.[64] kuchh truteeya paksh Internet suraksha companiyon ne, jaise social shield[65] ne maaispes par apne bachchon ki suraksha ke baare mein chintit maata-pita ke liye online samudaayon ko shuroo kiya hai.

June 2006 mein, solah varsheeya ameriki Cathrine lestar ne madhya-poorv mein tel aveev,ijraail ke liye udaan bhari, usane dhokhe se apne maata-pita se apna passport banava liya taaki vah maaispes ke maadhyam se mile ek bees varsheeya vyakti ke paas ja sake.[66] jaurdan mein ameriki adhikaariyon ne us kishori ko samjha-bujha kar vaapas ghar bheja.

October 2006 mein, terah saal ki meegan maaiar ne cyber-badamaashi ka shikaar hone ke baad aatmahatya kar li, jise ek dost ki maan dvaara ukasaaya gaya tha jisne khud ko ek solah varsheeya "josh ivaans" ke roop mein prastut kiya tha.[67]

December 2006 mein, maaispes ne gyaat yaun aparaadhiyon se bachchon ko bachaane ke liye nae upaayon ki ghoshana ki. haalaanki sateek vivran naheen diye gaye the, unhonne kaha ki America ke gyaat yaun aparaadhiyon ko maaispes profaail banaane se rokane ke liye "upakaranon" ko kaaryaanvit kiya jaaega.[68]

February 2007 mein, Texas mein ek ameriki jila nyaayaadheesh ne us maamale ko khaarij kar diya jab ek parivaar ne laaparavaahi, dhokhaadhadi aur galat prastuteekaran ke liye maaispes par mukadama daayar kar diya; us parivaar ki ek ladki ka, ek aadmi dvaara yaun utpeedn kiya gaya jisse vah maaispes ke maadhyam se mili thi, us ladki ne 13 saal ki hote hue anpani umr ko 18 varsh ke roop mein galat prastut kiya tha. maamale ki barkhaastagi ke sambandh mein, ameriki jila nyaayaadheesh saim spaarks ne likha: "yadi yuva ladkiyon ki raksha ka daayitv kisi par hai, to vah uske maata-pita hain, maaispes naheen."[69]

October 2007 mein, sameer hinduja (florida atalaantik yunivrsiti) aur Justin dablyoo. pechin (yunivrsiti of viskaunsin-iyu kleyar) dvaara journal of adoleseins mein prakaashit ek adhyayan mein yeh nishkarsh diya gaya ki adhikaansh kishor, jimmedaar tareeke se maaispes ka upayog karte hain: "jab uchit sandarbh mein is par vichaar kiya jaata hai, to in parinaamon se sanket milta hai ki maaispes par vyaktigat jaankaari ke khulaase ki samasya, utani vyaapak naheen hai jitna ise samjha jaata hai aur kishoron ki ek badi taadaad is website ka upayog jimmedaar tareeke se kar rahi hai" unhonne kaha.[70]

saamaajik aur saanskrutik

June 2006 ki plebauya patrika mein dev itjkauf ne, maaispes par sadasyata sambandhit kiye gaye apne prayog ke anubhavon ko bayaan kiya. unki anya aalochanaaon mein ek aalochna Internet dvaara pradaan us doori se sambandhit hai jisne sadasyon ko saahas diya hai, jaise mahilaaon ko apne profaail prushthon par alp kapadon mein apni tasveerein pradarshit karti hain ya is tareeke se vyavahaar karti hain jaisa ve milne par na karein aur unhonne ingit kiya ki yeh doharaapan maaispes ke keindreeya dijaain ko baadhit karta hai, arthaat, logon ko ek saath laane ka uddeshya. itjkauf ne site ki nashe roopi, samay-graahi prakruti ko bhi sandarbhit kiya aur ullekh kiya ki plebaaya plemet aur maaispes sadasya jooli mekalo ne, jo unke mitr-bano anurodh ka javaab dene waali pehli thi, is saait ko "saaibarakraik" ke roop mein sandarbhit kiya hai. itjkauf ka tark hai ki maaispes, kai logon ko ek sadasya ke jeevan tak pahunch pradaan kar deta hai, bina itna samay diye jo un rishton ko banaae rakhane ke liye aavashyak hai aise rishton mein vaastavik rishton ki gaharaai naheen hoti hai.

iske alaava, chaalaakeepoorn vaanijyik dohan ke maamale mein maaispes ki kshamata ke sandarbh mein itjkauf, vishesh roop se aise logon ke takaleefdeh aur dhokhaadhadi bhare vyavahaar ke aalochak hain jo ek sadasya ko avaanchhit taur par sampark kar sakte hain, jaisa ki kisi vyakti ne unase maitri karne aur deting karne ki ichha se sampark kiya lekin usaka blog (jiski taraf itjkauf ko baad mein imel ke maadhyam se nirdeshit kiya gaya) vaanijyik ashleel saaiton ki ek shrrunkhala ke liye pralobhan se bhara hua paaya gaya. itjkauf, isi tarah apekshaakrut adhik sookshm vaanijyik pralobhanon ki ninda karte hain, jaise ki profaail aur video ke liye banner vigyaapan aur link, jo aage chalakar 20th century fauks filmon ke vigyaapan ke roop mein saamane aate hain. unhonne yeh bhi kaha ki maaispes ka adhik utsaahi sangeet anubhaag, safal sangeetakaaron ke bajaay record lebal ke paksh mein adhik jhuka hua hai.

ek anya vyakti ki aalochna ko jodte hue, jise itjkauf "judaas" naam se sambodhit karte hain, ve kehte hain ki, jabki aise logon ko ek saath laane ki muheem, jo ho sakta hai vaastavik jeevan mein na ghule-milein, sammaanajanak lag sakti hai, maaispes svaabhaavik roop se vartamaan us saamaajik anubandh ka ullanghan karta hai jo tabhi maujood hota hai jab log aamne-saamane milte hain, unki rai mein yeh website, kuchh aur naheen bas vakt ke saath chali jaane waali sanak hai:

There will come a moment when, like deer quivering and flicking up their ears toward a noiseless noise in the woods, the first adopters will suddenly realize they're spending their time blogging, adding, and gawking at the same alarming photos as an army of fourteen year olds, and quick as deer, they'll dash to the next trend. And before you know it, we'll all follow.[71]


company ke itihaas par vivaad

news kaurp ko maaispes bechne ke baad, braid greenaspain, (MySpace.com ki shurooaat karne waali aur usaki janak company, intaramiks media ke poorv CEO, sansthaapak aur sheyaradhaarak) ne company ko news kaurp ko beche jaane par vivaad kiya. unhonne daava kiya ki intaramiks media ke nae CEO richrd rojenablaat aur anya board sadasyon ne company ko iski vaastavik keemat se kam mein bechakar sheyaradhaarakon ke saath dhokha kiya hai.[72][73] vaileevaig, ek gapashap blog jisne in aaropon ki soochana di, usane yeh bhi daava kiya ki maaispes ke sansthaapak aur lokapriya vyakti, Tom Anderson ne saarvajanik sambandh ka aavishkaar kiya.[74] baad mein nyoojaveek dvaara yeh pushti ki gayi ki site par Anderson ki umr ko yuva upayogakartaaon ko "rijhaane" ke liye kam kar diya gaya tha.[75]

October 2006 mein, greenaspain ne ek vyaktigat website par "the maaispes report" prakaashit ki aur news kaurp dvaara maaispes ke adhigrahan par sarkaar se jaanch ki maang ki.[76] greenaspain ka mukhya aarop yeh hai ki news kaurp ko maaispes ki keemat US$327 million ke bajaay US$20 billion aankani chaahiye thi aur usane intaramiks ke sheyaradhaarakon ko anuchit sauda prakriya dvaara dhokha diya hai.[77] haalaanki, report ko vitteeya press dvaara vyaapak roop se sveekaar naheen kiya gaya aur greenaspain dvaara daayar, adhigrahan ko chunauti dene vaale ek mukadame ko nyaayaadheesh dvaara khaarij kar diya gaya.[78][79]

censorship

kaaryakarta samooh MoveOn.org ne maaispes ki aalochna ki hai, unhonne daava kiya hai ki website, media virodhi vigyaapan naheen dikha kar censorship ka abhyaas karti hai, yeh nakali profaail ko haai-profaail media adhikaari roopart mardok ke badle hata deti hai aur upayogakartaaon ko kuchh khaas truteeya-paksh ke flaish anuprayogon ko apne profaail par istemaal karne se rokati hai, yeh kadam saait ki suraksha mein sudhaar ke liye aavashyak hai.[80] maaispes ne Youtube video par rok lagaakar bhi vivaad ko janm diya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

peechha

elisn kis ke anusaar, security on kaimpas ke kaaryakram nideshak, saamaajik networking vebasaaitein jaise Facebook aur maaispes ne un peechha karne vaalon ka kaam aasaan kar diya hai jo mahaavidyaalaya parisaron mein mahilaaon ko lakshya banaate hain.[81]

maaispes China

April 2007 mein aarambh hue maaispes ke saraleekrut cheeni sanskaran mein, is seva ke anya antarraashtreeya sanskaranon ki tulana mein censorship sambandhit kai bhinnataaen hain. dharm aur raajaneeti jaise vishyon par charcha manch naheen hain aur ek filtaring pranaali ko joda gaya hai jo taaivaani svatantrata, dalaai laama, faalun gaung, ke baare mein saamagri aur anya "anupayukt vishyon" ko post karne se rokati hai.[82] upayogakartaaon ko, anya upayogakartaaon ke "kadaachaar" ki report karne ki kshamata bhi pradaan ki gayi hai. in aparaadhon mein shaamil hai "raashtreeya suraksha ka khatra, raajya ki gupt jaankaariyon ka risaav, sarkaar ka takhta-palat, raashtreeya ekta ko chhot pahunchaana aur afavaahein failaana ya saamaajik vyavastha ko khatre mein daalna".[83]

yeh bhi dekhein: janavaadi cheeni ganaraajya mein Internet censorship

dhaarmik bhedabhaav

30 January 2008 ko, kleevalaind state university ke sahaayak professor aur eitheest end egnaustik group ke madhyasth, Brian J pesta ne naastik upayogakartaaon, samoohon aur saamagri ko maaispes dvaara mita dene ke kaaran us par dhaarmik asahishnuta ko badhaane ka aarop lagaaya. vishesh roop se, pesta ka aarop hai ki maaispes ne naastikta se naaraaj logon ki shikaayaton ke aadhaar par, AAG ka khaata hata diya aur unka vyaktigat profaail bhi aur yeh doosari baar tha jab maaispes ne November 2007 ke baad se is samooh ko hataaya, baavajood iske ki, pesta ke anusaar, isne kabhi bhi saait ki seva ke niyamon ka ullanghan naheen kiya. iske prushth ko thainksagiving 2007 ko fir se haik kiya gaya aur teen saptaah baad fir se bahaal kar diya gaya, lekin ant mein pun: hata diya diya gaya.[84][mrut kadiyaaain]

antararaashtreeya saaitein

2006 ke aarambh se, maaispes ne apni seva ko vibhinn kshetreeya sanskaranon mein upayog karne ka vikalp shuroo kiya. ye vaikalpik kshetreeya sanskaran, ilaake ke anusaar svachaalit saamagri prastut karte hain (udaaharan ke liye, Britain ke upayogakarta anya britaani upayogakartaaon ko "shaant nae log" ke roop mein dekhte hain aur saath hi Britain se sambandhit ghatnaaen aur vigyapti, aadi), angreji ke alaava anya sthaaneeya bhaashaaon ki peshakash karte hain, ya angreji bhaashi duniya mein vartani aur niyamon mein kshetreeya bhinnataaon ko samaayojit karte hain (udaaharan ke liye America mein: "favorites", mm/dd/yyyy; duniya ke baaki hisson mein: "favourites"," dd/mm/yyyy).

vartamaan mein pesh ki gayi saaitein hain:

maaispes devalapar platform (MDP)

5 fravari 2008 ko, maaispes ne ek devalapar platform sthaapit kiya, jo vikaasakartaaon ko apne vichaaron ko saajha karne aur apne swayam ke maaispes anuprayogon ko likhne ki anumati deta hai. udghaatan ka shubhaaranbh, aadhikaarik vimochan se do saptaah pehle maaispes ke sain Francisco kaaryaalaya mein ek kaaryashaala se kiya gaya. MDP, open social API par aadhaarit hai jise Google ne November 2007 mein pradaan kiya tha, taaki saamaajik network, saamaajik aur ant:kriyaatmak vijets ka vikaas kar sakein aur jise Facebook vikaasakarta platform ke javaab ke roop mein dekha ja sake. maaispes aips ka pehla saarvajanik beeta, kareeb 1000 upalabdh anuprayogon ke saath 5 March 2008 ko jaari kiya gaya.[85][86]

maaispes sarvar avasanrachana

QCon London 2008 mein[87], maaispes ke mukhya pranaali vaastukaar dain farino ne sanket diya ki maaispes, Internet par prati sekend 100 geegaabits aankade bhej raha hai, jismein se 10 gigaabits HTML saamagri hai aur shesh media hai jaise video aur chhaviyaan. sarvar avasanrachana ASP.NET par 4500 se adhik web sarvar se bani hai (jo Windows Server 2003, IIS 6.0 aur .Net Framework 3.5 chalaata hai), 1200 se adhik cash sarvar (64-bit Windows Server 2003 chalaata hai) aur 500 se adhik detaabes sarvar (64-bit Windows Server 2003 aur SQL Server 2005 chalaata hai) aur saath hi ek custom vitrit faail tantr jo Gentoo Linux par chalta hai.

yatha 2009, maaispes ne apne kuchh sarvaron mein HDD se SSD praudyogiki ki or palaayan shuroo kiya hai, jisse sthaan aur bijli ki bachat falit hui hai.[88]

sangeetakaaron ke adhikaar aur maaispes prayog ki shartein samjhauta

June 2006 tak, maaispes par geetkaar bili braag jaise anya kalaakaaron, sangeetakaaron aur band ke beech ek chinta ka vishay tha, jo upayogakarta samjhaute mein faain print se juda tha jis par likha tha "aap is prakaar, MySpace.com ko aisi saamagri ko is seva par aur iske maadhyam se upayog karne, pratilipi banaane, sanshodhan karne, anukoolit karne, anoodit karne, saarvajanik pradarshan karne, saarvajanik roop se dikhaane, sangrah karne, parivartan karne, sanchaarit karne aur vitrit karne ka ek gair-ananya, poorn bhugataan yukt aur rauyalti mukt, vaishvik license (upalaaiseins dhaariyon ke aseemit star ke maadhyam se upalaaiseins ke adhikaar ke saath) pradaan karte hain." faain print ne vishesh chintaaon ko janm diya kyonki samjhauta mardok ke news kaurp se kiya gaya tha. bili braag ne June 2006 ke pratham saptaah ke dauraan is mudde ko media ke samaksh rakha.[89] maaispes ke ek pravakta, jef barman ne tvarit pratikriya vyakt ki, "choonki kaanooni baareekiyon se kuchh bhram utpann ho gaya hai, ham iska punareekshan kar rahe hain taaki yeh bilkul spasht ho jaae ki maaispes, ek kalaakaar ki rachanaaon ke saath, kalaakaar ki ichhaanusaar use saajha karne ke alaava, kuchh bhi karne ka license naheen maang raha hai."

27 June 2006 tak, maaispes ne upayogakarta samjhaute mein sanshodhan kiya aur likha, "MySpace.com, tekst, faail, chitr, chhavi, video, dhvani, sangeet rachana, granthakaarita, ya kisi bhi anya vastu (saamoohik roop se 'saamagri') par, jise aap maaispes seva par post karte hain, svaamitv ke adhikaar ka daava naheen karta hai. maaispes seva par apni saamagri post karne ke baad, aisi saamagri mein aapka sabhi svaamitv adhikaar bana rahega aur aapke paas apni ichhaanusaar us saamagri ke upayog ka adhikaar bana rahega. "

blauking

sanyukt raajya America, United Kingdom, Australia aur Malaysia mein kai schoolon, saarvajanik pustakaalayon aur niyoktaaon ne maaispes ke upayog ko pratibandhit kar diya hai, kyonki unke anusaar yeh "gapashap aur durbhaavanaapoorn tippaniyon ka ek adda hai."[90]

yahaan tak ki new jersey mein ek Catholic school ne chhaatron ko ghar par maaispes ka upayog karne se nishiddh kiya hai, school ke daavon ke anusaar yeh kadam online hamlaavaron se chhaatron ko bachaane ke liye uthaaya gaya hai, haalaanki visheshagyon ne aise pratibandh ki vaidhata par savaal uthaaya hai. 2005 ki sharad ritu mein spaarta taaunaship, new jersey mein Pope John XXIII reejanal haai school tab surkhiyon mein aaya jab isne nishkaasan ya nilanban ki dhamaki dete apne chhaatron ko maaispes ya aisi hi anya websiton (jaise gaaiya) par prushth rakhane se mana kiya.[91][92][93]

haalaanki schoolon, vyavasaayon aur kuchh saarvajanik pustakaalayon mein maaispes ke prayog ko rokane ke liye koshish ki jaati hai, ve hamesha safal naheen hote hain; chhaatron dvaara saait mein laug in karne ke liye, "nakali braaujron" ke alaava, web prokseej aur daaunalod yogya software ke prayog ka pata chala hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]Turkey mein, MÜ-YAP ke kaupeeraait muddon ke kaaran, maaispes ko 19 September 2009 ko avarodhit kar diya gaya tha. Turkey rock sangeetakaar elin aslim ne, jinke paas ek maaispes khaata hai, kaha ki Turkey ke svatantr sangeetakaaron ke liye yeh avarodh ek gambhir ullanghan hai. yatha 6 October us avarodh ko hata diya gaya.[94]

kaanooni mudde

May 2006 mein, laang aailaind, New York ke do kishoron, shaun hairisn aur saverio mondeli par avaidh computer abhigm aur maaispes se jabaran vasooli ke prayaas ka aarop lagaaya gaya. donon ne kathit taur par maaispes upayogakartaaon ki vyaktigat jaankaari ki chori karne ke liye saait ko haik kiya aur baad mein is rahasya ko ki ve kaise website mein ghuse, baant dene ki dhamaki dete hue maaispes se $150,000 ka bhugataan karne ko kaha. donon kishoron ko, maaispes ke karmachaariyon ke roop mein khud ko prastut karne vaale loss enjils ke police jaasooson ne giraftaar kar liya.[95]

April 2007 mein County daraham, Britain mein police ne ek 17 varsheeya ladki ko aaparaadhik kshati ke aarop mein giraftaar kiya, jab usane apne Patrick nivaas par bina apne maata-pita ki aajnyaa liye maaispes par prachaarit ek party aayojit ki. desh bhar se kareeb 200 se adhik kishor-kishoriyaan party mein aae, jinhonne £a20,000 ki kshati ki, jaise cigarette bat, kapadon par mootr aur deevaaron par lekhan. ladki ke maata-pita, jo us vakt baahar gaye hue the, unhein ghar chhodkar jaana pada.[96][97]

aaimeem ka adhigrahan

18 November 2009 ko, maaispes myujik ne ek agyaat raashi dekar aaimeem ko adhigruhit kar liya. 8 December 2009 ko adhigrahan poora hone ke baad, yeh pushti ki gayi ki maaispes myujik ne US$1 million se kam nakad dekar aaimeem ko khareeda hai.[98][99] maaispes ne yeh bhi kaha hai ki ve aaimeem upayogakartaaon ko sthaanaantarit kareinge aur unki saari sangeet soochiyon ko maaispes myujik par pahunchaaenge. 15 January 2010 ko, maaispes ne aaimeem sangeet-soochiyon ko bahaal karna shuroo kiya.[100]

Youtube

Youtube pehli baar 2005 ke aarambh mein web par dikhaai diya aur yeh maaispes par sheegra hi lokapriya ho gaya kyonki maaispes upayogakarta apne maaispes profaail mein Youtube video sannihit karne mein saksham the. apne nae maaispes video seva ke liye pratispardhi khatre ko bhaanp kar, maaispes ne apne upayogakarta profaail se sannihit Youtube video par rok laga di. maaispes upayogakartaaon ne vyaapak roop se pratibandh lagaane ka virodh kiya, jisse maaispes ne uske sheegra baad pratibandh hata liya.[101]

tab se Youtube, world wide web par sabse teji se badhne vaale websiton mein se ek ho gaya hai,[102] aur aleksa Internet ke anusaar iski pahunch maaispes se aage nikal gayi hai.[103] July 2006 mein kai samaachaar sangathanon ne khabar di ki Youtube, maaispes se aage nikal gaya hai.[104] September 2006 ko ek niveshak baithak mein, news kaurp. COO Peter chernin ne daava kiya ki lagbhag sabhi aadhunik web anuprayog (jaise Youtube, flicker, blaugar, Google aur fotobaket) vaastav mein sirf "maaispes ke dam par aage badhe hain" aur "agar ham aage naheen badh sakte to kam se kam hamein unase baraabari karne mein saksham hona chaahiye."[105]

yeh bhi dekhein

Seal of Los Angeles, California.svg Los Angeles praveshadvaar
Factory 1b.svg Companies praveshadvaar
  • AsianAve
  • bebo
  • bajnet
  • maaispes upayogakartaaon ke liye taiyaar gOS 2.9 "Space" Linux vitran
  • Internet ghatna
  • saamaajik networking websiton ki soochi
  • laaivajarnal
  • MyDeathSpace.com
  • maaispes rikaard
  • saamaajik network
  • saamaajik software

sandarbh

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  39. delawareonline ¦ The News Journal, Wilmington, Del. ¦ The article requested can not be found!Please refresh your browser or go back. (BL,20070904,BUSINESS,709040311,AR)
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atirikt pathan

baahya link

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