maagaadaan oblaast

maagaadaan oblaast
Мaaаaaгaaаaaдaaаaáaaнaaсaaкaaаaaя оaáaaбaaлaaаaaсaaтaaь
maadaagaanskaaya oblaasti
मानचित्र जिसमें मागादान ओब्लास्तМагада́нская о́бластьमादागान्स्काया ओब्लास्ति हाइलाइटेड है
soochana
rajdhani : maagaadaan
kshetrafal : 4,61,400 kimee²
janasankhya(2010):
ghanatv :
156,996[1]
0.34/kimee²
upavibhaagon ke naam: raayon
upavibhaagon ki sankhya: 8
mukhya bhaasha(eain): roosi


naagaayevo khaadi

maagaadaan oblaast (roosi: Мaaаaaгaaаaaдaaаaáaaнaaсaaкaaаaaя оaáaaбaaлaaаaaсaaтaaь, angreji: Magadan Oblast) roos ke saaiberiya kshetr ke sudoor poorv mein sthit roos ka ek sangheeya khand hai jo us desh ki shaasan pranaali mein oblaast ka darja rakhata hai. iski rajdhani maagaadaan shahar hai. iski seemaaeain uttar mein chukotaka svashaasit okrug, poorvottar mein kamachaataka kraaya, dakshin mein khaabaarovsk kraaya aur pashchim mein saakha ganatantr se lagti hain. poorv mein yeh okhotsk saagar ke saath tatasth hai.

anukram

itihaas

aitihaasik roop se saaiberiya ke sudoor poorvi ilaake ko kolima (Kolyma, Кaaоaaлaaыaaмaaаaá) kaha jaata tha aur isi ke ek bhaag mein san 1953 mein maagaadaan oblaast sthaapit kiya gaya. yahaaain par dharati mein sona, chaandi, tin aur tangsten mila aur 1930-1940 ke dashakon mein unhein nikaalne ke liye khaane bani aur soviyt sangh ke taanaashaah josef staalin ki sarkaar ne yahaaain kaidi-shramikon ke gulaag kheme aur sadkein banvaai. staalin ke dehaant par kaidiyon ki bajaae pagaar par kaam karne vaale majdooron ko rakha gaya jo yahaaain par sone-aadi ki khaanon mein kaam karne aaye.

yahaaain par mool roop se bahut se saaiberiyaai aadivaasi samudaaya base hue the, jaise ki even, koryak, yupik, chukachi, oroch, chuvaai aur itelamen, jo ya to okhotsk saagar mein machhaliyon ke shikaar se ya fir kolima nadi ki ghaati mein renadiyr-paalan se gujaara karte the. audyogeekaran se inki mool jeevan-pranaali chhinn-binn ho gayi lekin sarkaari sahaayata se yeh apne nirvaah karte rahe. soviyt sangh ke toot jaane ke baad yeh sahaara band ho gaya aur ab in samudaayon ke bahut se log berojgaar aur nirdhan ho gaye hain. 1991 tak chukotaka svashaasit okrug isi oblaast ka hissa hua karta tha lekin us varsh us okrug ne maagaadaan oblaast se alag ho jaane ki ghoshana kar di.

log

jaati ke anusaar maagaadaan oblaast ki aabaadi is prakaar banti hui hai:[2]

  • roosi log - 84.1%
  • yookreni log - 6.5%
  • even log - 1.7%
  • saaiberiyaai taataar log - 0.9%
  • belaaroosi log - 0.8%
  • anya - 6%

maagaadaan oblaast ke kuchh najaare

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. "Вaaсaaеaaрaaоaaсaaсaaиaaйaaсaaкaaаaaя пaaеaaрaaеaaпaaиaaсaaь нaaаaaсaaеaaлaaеaaнaaиaaя 2010 гaaоaaдaaа. Тaaоaaм 1, 2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1, Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  2. "Вaaсaaеaaрaaоaaсaaсaaиaaйaaсaaкaaаaaя пaaеaaрaaеaaпaaиaaсaaь нaaаaaсaaеaaлaaеaaнaaиaaя 2010 гaaоaaдaaа. Тaaоaaм 1, 2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1, Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.