lokageet

lokanrutya ke saath lokageet

lokageet lok ke geet hain. jinhein koi ek vyakti naheen balki poora lok samaaj apanaata hai. saamaanyat: lok mein prachalit, lok dvaara rachit evam lok ke liye likhe gaye geeton ko lokageet kaha ja sakta hai. lokageeton ka rachanaakaar apne vyaktitv ko lok samarpit kar deta hai. shaastreeya niyamon ki vishesh paravaah na karke saamaanya lokavyavahaar ke upayog mein laane ke liye maanav apne aanand ki tarang mein jo chhandobaddh vaani sahaj udbhoot karta hai, vahi lokageet hai.[1]
is prakaar lokageet shabd ka arth hai-
1- lok mein prachalit geet
2- lok-rachit geet
3- lok-vishyak geet

kajari, sohar, chaiti, languriya aadi lokageeton ki prasiddh shailiyaaain hain.

anukram

parichay

sanskaar geet

baalak-baalikaaon ke janmotsav, mundan, poojan, janeoo, vivaah, aadi avsaron par gaaye jaane vaale sanskaar geet hain - sohar, khelauno, kohabar, samujh bani, aadi.

gaatha-geet/ lokagaatha

vibhinn kshetron mein prachalit vividh lokagaathaaon par aadhaarit in gaatha-geeton ko nimn shreniyon mein shreneebaddh kiya ja sakta hai -

aalha-

dhola-

bharathari-

narasi bhagat-

ghannaiya-

lorikaayan - veer ras se paripoorn is lokagaatha mein gaayak lorik ke jeevan-prasangon ka jis bhaav se varnan karta hai, vah dekhte-sunate hi banta hai.

nayaka banjaara - vibhinn kshetron mein gaaye jaane vaale lok geeton mein praay: vishay-vastu to ek hi hoti hai, kintu sthaan, paatr tatha charitron mein vivighta ke darshan hote hain.

vijmail - raaja vijyamal ki veerata ka bakhaan karne waali is lokagaatha mein badha-chadhaakar prachalit gaatha ka varnan kiya jaata hai.

salahes - ek lokakatha ke anusaar, salahes, dauna naamak ek maalin ka premi tha. uske ek shatru ne irshyaavash salahes ko chori ke jhoothe aarop mein band banava diya. dauna maalin ne apne premi salahes ko kis prakaar mukt karaaya. bas isi prakaran ko is lok-geet mein bhaav-vibhor hokar gaya jaata hai.

deena bhadari - is lok-geet mein deena tatha bhadari naamak do bhaaiyon ke veerata ka varnan maarmikta se gaaya jaata hai. iske saath hi raajya ke vibhinn anchalon mein aalha-ufadal, raaja dholan Singh, chhatari chauhaan, noonaachaar, lukesari devi, kaalidaas, manasaaraam, chhechhanamal, laal mahaaraaj, garabi dayaal Singh, meeraayan, hirni-birni, kunar brujabhaar, raaja vikramaaditya, bihula, gopeechand, amar Singh, bariya, raaja harishchandr, kaaroo khir hair, mainaavati aadi ke jeevan evam unki veerata bhari gaathaaon ko raajya ke gaatha-geeton ke roop mein gaaya jaata hai.

parvageet

raajya mein vishesh parvon evam tyohaaron par gaaye jaane vaale maangalik-geeton ko 'parvageet' kaha jaata hai. holi, deepaavali, chhath, teej, jiutiya, bahura, peediya, go-ghan, raamanavami, janma?shtami, tatha anya shubhaavasaron par gaaye jaane vaale geeton mein pramukhat: shabd, laya evam geeton mein bhaari samaanata hoti hai.

baarahamaasa

pratham maas asaadhi sakhi ho, garaj garaj ke sunaaya. saami ke aisan kathin jiyra, maas asaadh nahi aay. saavan rimjhim bunava barise, piyva bhijela parades. piya piya kahi ratele kaamini, jungle bolela mor. bhaado raini bhayaavan sakhi ho, chaaru or barasela dhaar. chakavi t chaaru or mor bole daadur sabad sunaai. kuvaar A sakhi kuainvar bidesh gaile, teeni nisaan. seer senur, nayan kaajar, joban ji ke kaal. kaatik A sakhi kataki lagatu hai, sab sakhi ganga nahaaya. sab sakhi pahine paat peetambar, ham dhani lugari puraan. agahan A sakhi gavana karavale, tab saami gaile parades. jab se gaile sakhi chithiyo na bhejale,taniko khabariyo na les. pus A sakhi fase fusaare gaile, ham dhani baani akeli. sun mandilba ratiyo na beete, kab doni hoihe bihaan. maagh A sakhi jaada lagatu hai, hari binu jaado na jaai. hari mora rahite t god me sobaite, asar na karite jaad. faagun A sakhi faguaa machatu hai, sab sakhi khelat faag. khelat holi log karela boli , dagadhat sakal shareer. chait maas udaas sakhi ho ehi maase hari more jaai. ham abhaagini kaalini saaainpini, avela samay bitaaya. baisaakh A sakhi ukham laage, tan me se dhurela neer. ka kahoain aahi joganiya ke, hariji ke raakhe le lobhaai. jeth maas sakhi luk laage sar sar chalela sameer. abahuain na saami gharava gavatela, okara ankhiyo na neer.

pesha geet

raajya mein vibhinn pe?she ke log apna kaarya karte samay jo geet gaate jaate hain unhein 'pesha geet' kehte hain. udaaharanaarth - gehoon peesate samay 'jaaaint-pisaai', chhat ki dhalaai karte samay 'thapaai' tatha chhappar chhaate samay 'chhavaai' aur inke saath hi vibhinn vyaavasaayik kaarya karte samay 'sohani, 'ropani', aadi geet gaate-gaate kaarya karte rahane ka prachalan hai.

jaateeya geet

samaaj ke vibhinn kshetron ki vividh jaatiyaaain manonukool apne hi geet gaati hain, jinhein 'jaateeya geet' kehte hain. shrotaagan unhein sunakar anumaan kar lete hain. ki gaayak-gaayika kis jaati vishesh se sambandhit hain.

ukt lok geeton ke saath hi Bihar mein samay-samay par aur visheshakar sanghayaakaal samay bhojanoparaant saanjhaaparaati, jhoomar, birha, prabhaati, nirgun, devi-devataaon ke geet gaane ka prachalan hai.

pramukh lok gaayak

shaarada sinha, prahalaad sih tipaaniya, taaraasih dodave, jantoo Singh, baankelaal, dau॰ shankar prasaad, Motilal 'manjul', vinghayavaasini devi, nand kishor prasaad, kamala devi, kesari nandan bhagat, kumud akhauri, gres kujoor, vishnu prasaad sinha, braj kishor dube, bharat Singh bhaarati, santaraaj Singh 'raagesh', yogendr Singh alabela, ajit Kumar akela, bharat sharma, shambhooraam, kavita chaughari, umaakaant kamal, lalika jha, urvashi, Renuka sahaaya aadi lok gaayak hain.

sandarbh

  1. sammelan patrika lokasanskruti ank. pa॰ 250.

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain