lohadi

lohadi
लोहड़ी
lohadi
anuyaayi punjabi
tithi paush maas ki antim raatri, makar sankraanti ki poorvasandhya
samaan parv makar sankraanti
giddha mein naachane ko utsuk punjabi yuvati

lohadi uttar Bhaarat ka ek prasiddh tyohaar hai. yeh makar sankraanti ke ek din pehle manaaya jaata hai. makar sankraanti ki poorvasandhya par is tyauhaar ka ullaas rahata hai. raatri mein khule sthaan mein parivaar aur aas-pados ke log milkar aag ke kinaare ghera bana kar baithate hain. is samay revadi, moongafali, laava aadi khaae jaate hain.

anukram

parichay

lohadi paush ke antim din, sooryaast ke baad (maagh sankraanti se pehli raat) yeh parv manaaya jaata hai. yeh praaya: 12 ya 13 January ko padta hai. yeh mukhyat: Punjab ka parv hai, yeh dyotaarthak (ekraustik) shabd lohadi ki pooja ke samay vyavahrut hone waali vastuon ke dyotak varnon ka samuchchaya jaan padta hai, jismein l (lakdi) +oh (goha = sookhe upale) +di (revadi) = 'lohadi' ke prateek hain. shvaturyajnya ka anushthaan makar sankraanti par hota tha, sambhavat: lohadi usi ka avashesh hai. poos-maagh ki kadkadaati sardi se bachane ke liye aag bhi sahaayak siddh hoti hai-yahi vyaavahaarik aavashyakta 'lohadi' ko mausami parv ka sthaan deti hai.

lohadi se sambaddh paranparaaon evam reeti-rivaajon se gyaat hota hai ki praagaitihaasik gaathaaeain bhi isse jud gayi hain. daksh prajaapati ki putri sati ke yogaagni-dahan ki yaad mein hi yeh agni jalaai jaati hai. is avsar par vivaahita putriyon ko maaain ke ghar se 'tyohaar' (vastr, mithaai, revadi, falaadi) bheja jaata hai. yagya ke samay apne jaamaata Shiv ka bhaag na nikaalne ka daksh prajaapati ka praayashchitt hi ismein dikhaai padta hai. uttar pradesh ke poorvaanchal mein 'khichdvaar' aur dakshin Bhaarat ke 'pongal' par bhi-jo 'lohadi' ke sameep hi manaae jaate hain-betiyon ko bheint jaati hai.

lohadi se 20-25 din pehle hi baalak evam baalikaaeain 'lohadi' ke lokageet gaakar lakdi aur upale ikatthe karte hain. sanchit saamagri se chauraahe ya muhalle ke kisi khule sthaan par aag jalaai jaati hai. muhalle ya gaaainv bhar ke log agni ke chaaron or aasan jama lete hain. ghar aur vyavasaaya ke kaamkaaj se niptakar pratyek parivaar agni ki parikrama karta hai. revadi (aur kaheen kaheen makki ke bhune daane) agni ki bheint kiye jaate hain tatha ye hi cheejein prasaad ke roop mein sabhi upasthit logon ko baaainti jaati hain. ghar lautate samay 'lohadi' mein se do chaar dahakate koyale, prasaad ke roop mein, ghar par laane ki pratha bhi hai.

jin parivaaron mein ladke ka vivaah hota hai athva jinhein putr praapti hoti hai, unase paise lekar muhalle ya gaaainv bhar mein bachche hi baraabar baraabar revadi baaaintate hain. lohadi ke din ya usase do chaar din poorv baalak baalikaaeain baajaaron mein dukaanadaaron tatha pathikon se 'mohamaaya' ya mahaamaai (lohadi ka hi doosra naam) ke paise maaaingate hain, inse lakdi evam revadi khareedkar saamoohik lohadi mein prayukt karte hain.

shaharon ke sharaarati ladke doosare muhallon mein jaakar 'lohadi' se jalati hui lakdi uthaakar apne muhalle ki lohadi mein daal dete hain. yeh 'lohadi vyaahana' kahalaata hai. kai baar chheena jhapati mein sir futauval bhi ho jaati hai. mainhagaai ke kaaran paryaapt lakdi aur upalon ke abhaav mein dukaanon ke baahar padi lakdi ki cheejein uthaakar jala dene ki sharaaratein bhi chal padi hain.

lohadi ka tyauhaar panjaabiyon tatha harayaani logo ka pramukh tyauhaar maana jaata hai. yeh lohadi ka tyauhaar Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Jammu kaashmeer aur himaanchal mein dhoom dhaam tatha harsho laash ke saath manaaya jaata hain. yeh tyauhaar makar sankraati se ek din pehle 13 January ko har varsh manaaya jaata hain.

lohadi tyauhaar ke utpatti ke baare mein kaafi maanyataaen hain jo ki Punjab ke tyauhaar se judi hui maani jaati hain. lohadi ka tyauhaar panjaabiyon tatha harayaani logo ka pramukh tyauhaar maana jaata hai. yeh lohadi ka tyauhaar Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Jammu kaashmeer aur himaanchal mein dhoom dhaam tatha harsho laash ke saath manaaya jaata hain. yeh tyauhaar makar sankraati se ek din pehle 13 January ko har varsh manaaya jaata hain.

lohadi tyauhaar ke utpatti ke baare mein kaafi maanyataaen hain jo ki Punjab ke tyauhaar se judi hui maani jaati hain. kai logo ka maanana hain ki yeh tyauhaar jaade ki ritoo ke aane ka dyotak ke roop mein manaaya jaata hain. aadhunik yug mein ab yeh lohadi ka tyauhaar sirf Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Jammu kaashmeer aur himaanchal mein hi naheen apitu Bengal tatha udiya logo dvaara bhi manaaya ja raha hain !

lohadi ka tyauhaar aur dulla bhatti ki kahaani

lohadi ko dulla bhatti ki ek kahaani se bhi joda jaata hain. lohadi ki sabhi gaanon ko dulla bhatti se hi juda tatha yeh bhi kah sakte hain ki lohadi ke gaanon ka kendra bindu dulla bhatti ko hi banaaya jaata hain.

dulla bhatti mugl shaasak Akbar ke samay mein Punjab mein rahata tha. use Punjab ke naayak ki upaadhi se sammaanit kiya gaya tha! us samay sandal baar ke jagah par ladkiyon ko gulaami ke liye bal poorvak ameer logon ko bech jaata tha jise dulla bhatti ne ek yojana ke tahat ladkiyon ko na ki mukt hi karavaaya balki unki shaadi ki hindu ladako se karavaai aur unke shaadi ke sabhi vyavastha bhi karavaai.

dulla bhatti ek vidrohi tha aur jiski vanshavali bhatti rajput the. uske poorvaj pindi bhattiyon ke shaasak the jo ki sandal baar mein tha ab sandal baar Pakistan mein sthit hain. vah sabhi panjaabiyon ka naayak tha.

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