lithuaaniya

lithuaaniya ganaraajya
Lietuvos Respublika
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: "Tautos jėaaga vienybėaaje"
"desh ki shakti ekta mein hai"
raashtragaan: Tautišaka giesmė
  लिथुआनिया  की स्थिति (red)– Europe  (light yellow & orange)– the European Union  (light yellow)  —  [Legend]
lithuaaniya ki sthiti (red)

Europe (light yellow & orange)
– the European Union (light yellow) — [Legend]

rajdhani vilnyaus
54°a41′aN 25°a19′aE / 54.683°aN 25.317°aE / 54.683; 25.317
sabse bada nagar capital
raajabhaasha(eain) lithuaaniyaai bhaasha
nivaasi lithuaaniyaai log
sarkaar ekaatmak sansadeeya ganatantr
- raashtrapati daaliya grayabauskaite
- pradhaanamantri algirdas butakechiys
- sansad ke adhyaksh loreta graujiniyne
svatantrata roos/Germany se (1918)
- First mention of Lithuania 14 fravari 1009
- Coronation of Mindaugas 6 July 1253
- Personal union with Poland 2 fravari 1386
- Creation of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569
- Partitions of the Commonwealth 1795
- Independence declared 16 fravari 1918
- 1st Soviet occupation 15 June 1940
- 2nd Soviet occupation 1944
- Independence restored 11 March 1990
kshetrafal
- kul 65,200 varg kilometer (123rd)
25,173 varg meal
- jal (%) 1.35%
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 3,555,179 (130th)
- ghanatv 52/varg kimi (120th)
134/varg meal
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $63.729 billion$[1]
- prati vyakti $18,977$[1]
sakal ghareloo utpaad (saanketik) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $47.304 billion$[1]
- prati vyakti $14,086$[1]
gini (2003) 36
madhyam
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2014) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.834[2]
bahut uchch · 35vaaain
mudra Euro (€) (EUR)
samay mandal EET (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) EEST (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+3)
dinaank praaroop yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
yaataayaat chaalan disha right
doorabhaash koot 370
Internet teeeladi .lt1
1. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

lithuaaniya Europe mahaadveep ke uttari bhaag mein baaltik saagar ke kinaare sthit ek desh hai. yeh teen baaltik deshon (lithuaaniya, laataviya aur ऍstoniya) mein se sabse bada hai. iski rajdhani vilnus hai. 2012 mein iski aabaadi lagbhag 30 lakh thi. lithuaaniyaai log ek baaltik samudaaya hain aur lithuaaniyaai bhaasha hind-Europeeya bhaasha parivaar ki baaltik shaakha ki keval do jeevit bhaashaaon mein se ek hai (doosari laataviyaai hai). kaha jaata hai ki lithuaaniyaai bhaasha ne hamesha shuddhata va aadim hind-yooropi bhaasha se niktata banaai rakhi hai aur sanskrut bhaasha ke bahut sameep hai.[3]

itihaas

14veen shataabdi mein lithuaaniya Europe ka sabse bada desh hua karta tha. aadhunik Belarus va Ukraine ke saath-saath polaind aur roos ke kai hisse lithuaaniya mahaadyook raajya ke bhaag the. 1569 mein lubalin sandhi ke tahat polaind aur lithuaaniya ek dviraashtreeya 'polish-lithuaaniyaai mahaakul' naamak parisangh mein jud gaye. yeh lagbhag 150-200 varshon tak salaamat raha lekin 1722 se 1795 kaal mein padosi deshon ne ise dheere-dheere tod diya. lithuaaniya ke adhiktar bhoobhaag par roosi saamraajya ka adhikaar ho gaya.

pratham vishvayuddh ke dauraan 1917 mein roos mein October samaajavaadi kraanti hui jis se roosi saamraajya toota aur soviyt sangh ne janm liya. is uthal-puthal ka laabh uthaate hue 16 fravari 1918 ko lithuaaniyaai raajanaitik numaaindo ne 'lithuaaniya ke svatantrata vidheyak' par hastaakshar kiye aur lithuaaniya ko ek aajaad raashtra ghoshit kar diya. 1940 mein, dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan, soviyt sangh ne lithuaaniya par kbja kar liya aur use lithuaaniyaai soviyt samaajavaadi ganatantr ke naam se gathit karke apna bhaag bana liya. jald hi naatji Germany ki faujon ne unhein nikaalkar swayam lithuaaniya par niyantran kar liya. 1944 mein jab Germany haarne laga to usane apni senaaeain lithuaaniya se hata leen aur soviyt sangh ne vaapas lithuaaniya par adhikaar jama liya.[4]

1990 mein jab soviyt sangh kamzor pada to 11 March 1990 ko lithuaaniya apni alag svatantrata ghoshit karne wala pehla soviyt ganatantr bana. aadhunik lithuaaniya Europeeya sangh, Europeeya parishad aur naato ka sadasya hai aur iski aarthik badhautari ka dar Europe ke sabse tej deshon mein se ek hai. 2007-2010 kaal ke vishv aarthik mandi ka asar is desh par bhi hua tha lekin uske baad se arthavyavastha fir se teji se viksit ho rahi hai.[5]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E Lithuania, International Monetary Fund, Accessed 2009-10-01
  2. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.
  3. Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999, Timothy Snyder, pp. 96, Yale University Press, 2003, ISBN 9780300128413, ... The idea that the Lithuanian language is very closely related to Sanskrit, a view which is justified in qualified form in philology, remains in the popular mind as a powerful national idea to this day ...
  4. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, Howard Jarvis, John Oates, pp. 214, Penguin, 2011, ISBN 9780756684662, ... As the chaos of World War I and the 1917 Revolution weakened Russia, an elected council in Vilnius declared Lithuanian independence on 16 fravari 1918 ...
  5. Doing Business with Lithuania, pp. 16, GMB Publishing Ltd, 2005, ISBN 9781905050628, ... Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in Central and Eastern Europe with the private sector now producing approximately 80 per cent of the country's GDP ...