lipi

vishv ki lipiyon ka maanachitr █a█ laitin (alfaabetik) █a█ sirilik lipi (alfaabetik) █a█ hangul (featural alphabetic) █a█ anya alfaabetik █a█ arabi lipi (abjad) █a█ anya abjads █a█ devanaagari (abugida) █a█ anya abugidas █a█ silaibari █a█ shabd-chinh (cheeni akshar / logographic)
cheeni lipi (chitralipi)

lipi ya lekhan pranaali ka arth hota hai kisi bhi bhaasha ki likhaavat ya likhne ka dhang. lipi aur bhaasha do alag alag cheejein hoti hain. bhaasha vo cheej hoti hai jo boli jaati hai, likhne ko to use kisi bhi lipi mein likh sakte hain. kisi ek bhaasha ko usaki saamaanya lipi se doosari lipi mein likhna, is tarah ki vaastavik anuvaad na hua ho, ise lipyantaran kehte hain.

yadyapi sansaar bhar mein prayog ho rahi bhaashaaon ki sankhya ab bhi hajaaron mein hai, tathaapi is samay in bhaashaaon ko likhne ke liye keval lagbhag do darjan lipiyon ka hi prayog ho raha hai. aur bhi gaharaai mein jaane par pata chalta hai ki sansaar mein keval teen prakaar ki hi mool lipiyaaain (ya lipi parivaar) hai-

  • braahmi se vyutpann lipiyaaain - devanaagari tatha dakshin Asia evam dakshin-poorv Asia mein prayukt lipiyaaain ; tatha

ye teeno lipiyaaain teen alag-alag kshetron mein viksit huin jo parvaton evam marusthalon dvaara ek-doosare se alag-alag sthit hain.

 lateeni krilik devanaagari.-.-.-.tibbati
 \ / / gujaraati
 \ / - aarmeniyaai / baangla _ mangoliyaai
 \ / / gurumukhi /
 yoonaani - jaurjiyaai / udiya sogdi cheeni
 | / lipi /
 | / telugu /
 foneshiyn braahmi - kannad chitralipi - Japani
 / lipi \ lipi malayalam \
 / | \ \ tamil \
ibraani | arabi \ Koreai
 | \ \ - - sinhala
 | \
 | \ \ - barmi
 | \ khmer
 | \ \
 ithiyopiyaai divehi \ - thai
 (ithiyopiya, (maaladeev) laao
 Eritrea)

anukram

alfaabetik (Alphabetic) lipiyaaain

ismein svar apne poore akshar ka roop liye vyanjan ke baad aate hain.

  • laitin lipi (roman lipi) -- angreji, fraansisi, jarman, computer prograaming aur pashchimi aur madhya Europe ki saari bhaashaaeain
  • yoonaani lipi -- yoonaani bhaasha, kuchh ganiteeya chinh
  • arabi lipi -- arabi, urdoo, faarasi, Kashmiri
  • ibraani lipi -- ibraani
  • seerilik lipi -- roosi, saviyt sangh ki jyaadaatar bhaashaaeain

alfaasilaibik (Alphasyllabic) lipiyaaain

iski harek ikaai mein agar ek ya adhik vyanjan hota hai aur usapar svar ki maatra ka chinh lagaaya jaata hai. agar ikaai mein vyanjan naheen hota to svar ka poora chinh likha jaata hai.

chitr lipiyaaain

ye saraleekrut chitr hote hain.

devanaagari se anya lipiyon mein roopaantaran

  • aajkal anek computer program upalabdh hain jinki sahaayata se devanaagari mein likhe paath ko kisi bhi bhaarateeya lipi mein badla ja sakta hai.
  • kuchh aise bhi computer program hain jinki sahaayata se devanaagari mein likhe paath ko laitin, arabi, cheeni, krilik, aaipeee (IPA) aadi mein badla ja sakta hai. (ICU Transform Demo)
  • yoonikod ke padaarpan ke baad devanaagari ka romaneekaran (romanization) ab anaavashyak hota ja raha hai. kyonki dheere-dheere computer par devanaagari ko (aur anya lipiyon ko bhi) poorn samarthan milne laga hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain