leechi

leechi
लीची के पके पलों से लदी डाली
leechi ke pake palon se ladi daali
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
(ashrenikrut) sapushpak
(ashrenikrut) yudikauta​
(ashrenikrut) Rosids
gan: Sapindales
kul: Sapindaceae
upakul: Sapindoideae
prajaati: Litchi
Sonn.
jaati: L. chinensis
dvipd naam
Litchi chinensis
Sonn.
leechi (khaadya bhaag)
poshak moolya prati 100 gra.(3.5 ons)
urja 70 kilo kailori 280 kJ
kaarbohaaidret 16.5 g
- aahaareeya resha 1.3 g
vasa {{{fat}}}
proteen {{{protein}}}
vitaamin C 72 mg 120%
kailshiym 5 mg 1%
maiganeeshiym 10 mg 3%
fausforas 31 mg 4%
khaadya bhaag poorn bhaar ka 60% hoya hai
pratishat ek vayask hetu ameriki
sifaarishon ke saapeksh hain.
srot: USDA Nutrient database

leechi jise vaigyaanik naam (Litchi chinensis) se bulaate hain, jeenas leechi ka ekamaatr sadasya hai. iska parivaar hai sopabairi. yeh ooshnakatibndheeya fl hai, jiska mool nivaas cheen hai. yeh saamaanyat: maidaagaaskar, Bhaarat, Bangladesh, Pakistan, dakshin taaivaan, uttari viytanaam, Indonesia, Thailand, fileepeens aur dakshin Africa mein paayi jaati hai.

Flowers at Samsing in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India.

iska madhyam oonchaai ka sadaabahaar ped hota hai, jo ki 15-20 meter tak hota hai, oltarnet paainet pattiyaan, lagbhag 15-25 sein.mi. lambi hoti hain. nav pallav ujale taamravarni hote hain aur poore aakaar tak aate hue hare hote jaate hain. pushp chhote harit-shvet ya peet-shvet varn ke hote hain, jo ki 30 sein.mi. lambi painikl par lagte hain. iska fal droop prakaar ka hota hai, 3-4 se.mi. aur 3 se.mi vyaas ka. iska chhilka gulaabi-laal se mairoon tak daane daar hota hai, jo ki akhaadya aur saralata se hat jaata hai. iske andar ek meethe, doodhiya shvet goode waali, vitaamin- si bahul, kuchh-kuchh chhile angoor si, moti part iske ekal, bhoore, chikne meva jaise beej ko dhanke hoti hai. yeh beej 2X1.5 naap ka oval aakaar ka hota hai aur akhaadya hota hai. iske fal jilaai se October mein fool ke lagbhag teen maas baad pakate hain. iski do up-jaatiyaan hain:-

  • leechi chinensis, upajaati:chinensis, : cheen, Indonesia, laaos, kambodiya mein. pattiyaan 4-8|
  • leechi chinensis, upajaati: fileepinensis: fileepeens, Indonesia, pattiyaan 2-4|

anukram

itihaas

daarjeeling jila, pashchim Bengal, Bhaarat mein leechi ke patte aur pushp

cheen ke ati praacheen kaal mein tang vansh ke raaja juaang jaaaing ka priya fal tha. raaja ke paas vah push drutagaami ashvon dvaara pahunchaaya jaata tha, kyonki vah keval dakshin cheen ke praant mein hi ugata tha. leechi ko pashchim mein piyre sonnerait dvaara pratham varnit kiya gaya tha (1748-1814) ke beech, unki dakshin cheen ki yaatra se vaapasi ke baad. san 1764 mein ise riyooniyn dweep mein Joseph frainkois the paalma dvaara laaya gaya aur baad mein yeh maidaagaaskar mein aayi aur vah iska ka mukhya utpaadak ban gaya.

kheti aur prayog

ek chhili hui leechi

dakshin cheen mein yeh bahutaayat mein ugaayeen jaateen hain, iske saath hi dakshin-poorv Asia khaaskar Thailand, laaaus, kambodiya viytanaam Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhaarat, dakshini Japan, taaivaan mein. aur ab to yeh kailiforniya, havaai aur florida mein bhi ugaayi jaane lagi hai. deharaadoon mein kuchh bahut se svaadisht falon ki kheti hoti hai. inmein pramukh hai- leechi. leechi ki kheti deharaadoon mein 1890 se hi prachalit hai. haalaanki shuruaat mein leechi ki kheti yahaan ke logon mein utani lokapriya naheen thi. par 1940 ke baad iski lokapriyta jor pakadne lagi. iske baad to deharaadoon ke har bageeche mein kam se kam darjan bhar leechi ke ped to hote hi the. 1970 ke kareeb deharaadoon leechi ka pramukh utpaadak ban gaya. deharaadoon ke vikaas nagar, naaraayanapur, vasant vihaar, Raipur, kaaloogadh, raajapur road aur daalanavaala kshetr mein lagbhag 6500 hekteyar bhoomi par is svaadisht fal ki kheti hoti hai. lekin ab leechi ki kheti mein bhaari kami I hai. ab leechi ki kheti sirf 3070 hekteyar bhami par hi hoti hai.

leechi ka ankurit hota beej, apni mukhya jad sahit (lagbhag teen maas puraana)
chitr:Lychee seed.jpg
ek saamaanya beej (baayein) aur ek chhota beej

leechi viytanaam, cheeni aur dakshin Asiaee baajaaron mein taaji bikteen hain aur vishv bhar ke suparamaarkiton mein bhi. iske prasheetan mein rakhane par bhi iska svaad naheen badalta hai, haan rang kuchh bhoorepan par aa jaata hai.

leechi ke binn bhaashaaon mein naam

leechi naam cheeni mool se 荔aa枝,

leechi bhinn bhashaaon mein
Language Original script Romanisation IPA transcription
Mandarin cheeni: 荔aa枝 pinyin: lìaazhī
Wade-Giles: li4chih1
[ li˥a˩ ʈaʂaʐa̩a˥a˥ ]
Cantonese cheeni: 荔aa枝 saaaincha:Cantonese-j
saaaincha:Zh-cy
[ lɐai˨ tsiːa˥a˧ ]
Hokkien/Taiwanese cheeni: 荔aa枝 Pe̍ah-ōae-jī: nāai-chi [ nai˧a˧ tɕai˥a˥ ]
Japanese Katakana: ラaaイaaチaaーaa、aaラaaイaaチaa、aaレaaイaaシ
Kanji: 茘aa枝
Hepburn: raichii, raichi, reishi
Kunrei-shiki: raitî, raiti, reisi
[ɺaa̠aaajtɕaaiː], [ɺaa̠aaajtɕaai], [ɺaa̠aaejɕaai]
Korean Hangul: 여aa지 MR: yŏaachi
Rev.: yeoji
Yale: yeci
SK: [jʌ.tɕaai]
NK: [jʌ.zi]
Vietnamese vảai, lệ chi Hanoi: [ vɐaːaj˧a˩a˧ ], [ l̺aɜaj˧a˨ ci˧a˧ ]
Saigon: [ jɐaːaj˧a˩a˧ ], [ l̻aʲaɜaj˧a˨ ci˧a˧ ]
Thai Thai: ลaaิaa้aaนaaจaaีaa่ RTGS: linchi
ISO 11940: lîaancīaà
[lían.tɕaaìaaː]
Tagalog lichias, lichia
Ref. spelling: litsias
Similar native fruit: alupag-amo
[lɪaaˈaatʃaai.ə], [lɪaaˈaatʃaai.əaas], [ɐaaˈaalu.pəaaɡ ˈaaamo]
Malay laici [ˈaalaɪaa̯.tʃaai]
Hindustani Devanāagarī: leechi
Urdu: لaaیaaچaaی
IAST: līaacī [liːaatʃaaiː]


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