laarj haidraan kolaaidar

vruhad hedraun sanghattak
(elaechasi)
एलएचसी हिन्दी.svg
elaechasi prayog
etalas A toroidal elaechasi eparetas
(ek toroid elaechasi upakaran)
seeemaes compact myooon solenoid
(susambaddh myooon parinaalika)
elaechasi-bi elaechasi-beauty
ailis A laarj aayan kolaaidar eksaprimeint
(ek vishaal aayan sanghatt prayog)
totem total kraus sekshan, ilaastik sketring end difreksan disoshiyshan (kul anuprasthakaat kshetr, pratyaasth prakirnan aur vivrtan viyojan)
elaechasi-ef elaechasi-forward
moedal monopol end egjotiks ditektar at the elaechasi (elaechasi par ekal dhruv va vilkshan sansoochak)
elaechasi poorv tvarak
p (protaun) aur Pb (seesa) protaunon (rekhik tvarak 2) aur seese (rekhik tvarak 3) ke liye raikhik kan tvarak
(chihnit naheen) protaun sinkrotraun boosatar
PS protaun sinkrotraun
esapeees super protaun sinkrotraun

laarj haidraan kolaaidar vishv ka sabse vishaal aur shaktishaali kan tvarak hai.[1] yeh sarn ka mahatvaakaankshi pariyojana hai. yeh jeneva ke sameep France env svitjralaind ki seema par jameen ke neeche sthit hai. iski rachana 27 kilometer paridhi vaale ek chhalle-numa surang mein hui hai,[2] jise aam bhaasha mein laard of the ring kaha ja raha hai. isi surang mein is tvarak ke chumbak, sansoochak (ditektar), beam-line evam anya upakaran lage hain. surang ke andar do beam paaipon mein do vipreet dishaaon se aa rahi 7 TeV (tera eletraan volt) ki protraun kiran-punjon (beam) ko aapas mein sanghatt (takkar) kiya jaayega jisse vahi sthiti utpann ki jaayegi jo brahmaand ki utpatti ke samay big bang ke roop mein hui thi. gyaatavya hai ki 7 TeV urja vaale protaun ka veg prakaash ke veg ke lagbhag baraabar hota hai. L H si ki sahaayata se kiye jaane vaale prayogon ka mukhya uddeshya staindard maudel ki seemaaon evam vaidhata ki jaaainch karna hai. staindard maudel is samay kan-bhautiki ka sabse aadhunik saiddhaantik vyaakhya ya model hai. 10 September 2008 ko pehli baar ismein safalta poorvak protaan dhaara pravaahit ki gayi.[3] is pariyojana mein vishv ke 85 se adhik deshon nein apna yogadaan kiya hai. pariyojana mein 8000 bhautik vaigyaanik kaarya kar rahe hain jo vibhinn deshon, ya vishvavidyaalayon se aae hain. protaun beam ko tvarit (accelerate) karne ke liye iske kuchh avayavon (jaise dvidhruv (daaipol) chumbak, chaturdhruv (quadrupole) chumabak aadi) ka taapamaan lagbhag 1.90kelvin ya -271.250senteegred tak thanda karna aavashyak hota hai taaki jin chaalakon (conductors) mein dhaara bahti hai ve atichaalakata (superconductivity) ki avastha mein aa jaanya aur ye chumbak aavashyak chumbakeeya kshetr utpann kar sakein.[4][5] is prayog mein boson kan ke ke prakat hone tatha pahachaane jaane ki ummeed hai jiske astitv ki kalpana ab tak sirf gananaaon dvaara hi ki jaati rahi hai.[6] iske dvaara dravya env urja ke sanbadhon ko jaanane ki koshish ka ja rahi hai. isse brahmaand ke utpatti se jude kai rahasyo par se bhi parda uthane ki aasha hai.

anukram

vishishtataaen (spesifikeshan)

  • L H si ke saamaanya vishishtataaen (pairaameetars)
  • sanghatt ki urja- 7 TeV
  • pravesh (injekshan) urja- 450 GeV
  • dvidhruv (Dipole) chumbak ke andar chumbakeeya kshetr (7 TeV par)- 8.33 tesla
  • pradeepti (Luminosity) - 1×a1034 cm−2s−1
  • protaun beam dhaara ka maan- 0.56 ampeeyar/A

vartamaan sthiti

elaechasi ki surang ke andar ke ek chhote se bhaag ka drushya saamane dikh raha avayav kvaadroopol chumbak hai jo America ke farmeelaib dvaara nirmit hai.

sabhi atichaalak chumbakon ki jaaainch ho chuki thi. 1.9 kelvin ke atinimn taap par inhein jaaaincha ja chuka tha. sitmbar 2008 mein ismein protaun kiran punj (beam) daalkar usaki urja badhaai gayi aur uske baad 10 September 2008 ko pehli baar ismein safalta poorvak protaan dhaara pravaahit ki gayi. haalaaainki kuchh vyaktiyon env vaigyaaniko ne is prayog se poore vishv ke nasht ho jaane ki sambhaavana aur dar vyakt kiya tatha is pariyojana ke suraksha se jude pahaluon par nyaayaalaya ke maadhyam se savaal uthaae. parantu vaigyaanik samudaaya ne inko bebuniyaad karaar diya. nyaayaalaya ne bhi is pariyojana par rok lagaae jaane ki yaachika ko naamanjoor kar diya. 19 September 2008 ko do atichaalak chumbakon mein kharaabi aa jaane ke kaaran is prayog ko rok dena pada.[7] is kshati ke kaaran July 2009 ke pehle iske shooroo na ho paane ki sambhaavana vyakt ki gayi.[8][9][10]

30 March, 2010 ko is machine mein vaigyaanik do proton kirnon ki aamne-saamane ki mahaatakkar karavaane mein safal rahe. ab tak kisi machine se paida kiye gaye sabse adhik bal se karavaai gayi is takkar se record oorja paida hui. is prayog ke aankadon ka adhyayan kar vaigyaanik pata lagaaenge ki big bang ke baad padaarth thos aadhaar mein kis prakaar badal gaye, taaron aur grahon ki utpatti kaise hui![11][12]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Achenbach, joel (2008-03-01). "the gaud paartikl". national jiyogrofikl maigajeen (National Geographic Society). ISSN 0027-9358. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/03/god-particle/achenbach-text. abhigman tithi: 2008-02-25.
  2. 4913618,00.html "brahmaand ko samajhne ka mahaaprayog fir shuroo". Deutsche Germany ki prasaaran seva. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0, 4913618,00.html. abhigman tithi: 2009.
  3. "First beam in the LHC - accelerating science". CERN Press Office. 10 September 2008. http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2008/PR08.08E.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-10-09. seeiaaraen press vigyapti, 10 August 2008]
  4. "LHC synchronization test successful". seeiaaraen buletin.
  5. Overbye, Dennis (29 July 2008). "let the protaun smaishing bigin. (the raip ij aalaredi riten)". The New York Times.
  6. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7604293.stm
  7. "Collider halted until next year". BBC News. 23 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7632408.stm. abhigman tithi: 2008-10-09.
  8. "Large Hadron Collider to remain shut until middle of next year". Times Online. 17 November 2008. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article5174917.ece. abhigman tithi: 2008-18-11.
  9. Tom Espiner (30 november 2008). "A longer delay for the Large Hadron Collider". CNET news. http://news.cnet.com/8301-11386_3-10109941-76.html?part=rss.
  10. "LHC to restart in 2009". CERN Press Office. 5 December 2008. http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2008/PR17.08E.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-12-8.
  11. brahmaand ki utpatti ke jald khuleinge raaj !. guruvaar, 01 April 2010. Rajasthan patrika
  12. brahmaand ki gutthi sulajhaane ke najadeek pahunche vaigyaanik. khabar-NDTV. jineva. 30 March 2010