kutub meenaar

kutub samooh ke anya ullekhaneeya sthalon evam nirmaanon hetu dekhein mukhya lekh

nirdeshaank: 28.524355° N 77.185248° E

kutub minaar
दिल्ली, भारत में कुतुब मीनार
Delhi, Bhaarat mein kutub meenaar
yoonesko vishv dharohar sthal
prakaar: saanskrutik
maapdand: 7
nirdisht: 1993 (17vaan satr)
sandarbh san: 233
Country: Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
Continent: Asia
kutub parisar yunesko vishv dharohar ghoshit hai.

kutub meenaar Bhaarat mein dakshin Delhi shahar ke maharauli bhaag mein sthit, int se bani vishv ki sabse ooainchi meenaar hai. iski ooainchaai 72.5 meter (237.86 feet) aur vyaas 14.3 meter hai, jo oopar jaakar shikhar par 2.75 meter (9.02 feet) ho jaata hai. ismein 379 seedhiyaaain hain.[1] meenaar ke chaaron or bane ahaate mein bhaarateeya kala ke kai utkrusht namoone hain, jinmein se anek iske nirmaan kaal san 1193 ya poorv ke hain. yeh parisar yunesko dvaara vishv dharohar ke roop mein sveekrut kiya gaya hai.

anukram

itihaas

Delhi Qutub 01.JPG

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72.5 meter (237.86 feet) meter chaudee kutub meenaar, vishv ki sarvochch int nirmit attaalika (meenaar) hai.

afgaanistaan mein sthit, jaam ki meenaar se prerit evam usase aage nikalne ki ichha se, Delhi ke pratham muslim shaasak kutubuddeen aibak, ne kutub meenaar ka nirmaan san 1193 mein aarambh karavaaya, parantu keval iska aadhaar hi banava paaya. uske uttaraadhikaari iltutamish ne ismein teen manjilon ko badhaaya aur san 1368 mein feerojashaah tugalak ne paaainchaveen aur antim manjil banvaai. aibak se tugalak tak sthaapatya evam vaastu shaili mein badlaav, yahaaain spasht dekha ja sakta hai. meenaar ko laal baluaa patthar se banaaya gaya hai, jis par Quraan ki aayaton ki evam fool belon ki maheen nakkaashi ki gayi hai. kutub meenaar puraatan Delhi shahar, dhillika ke praacheen kile laalakot ke avasheshon par bani hai. dhillika antim hindu raajaaon tomar aur chauhaan ki rajdhani thi. is meenaar ke nirmaan uddeshya ke baare mein kaha jaata hai ki yeh kuvvat-ul-islaam masjid se ajaan dene, nireekshan evam suraksha karne ya islaam ki Delhi par vijay ke prateek roop mein bani. iske naam ke vishay mein bhi vivaad hain. kuchh puraatatv shaastriyon ka mat hai ki iska naam pratham Turkey sultaan kutubuddeen aibak ke naam par pada, vaheen kuchh yeh maanate hain ki iska naam bagdaad ke prasiddh sant kutubuddeen bakhtiyaar kaaki ke naam par hai, jo Bhaarat mein vaas karne aaye the. iltutamish unka bahut aadar karta tha, isaliye kutub meenaar ko yeh naam diya gaya. iske shilaalekh ke anusaar, iski marammat to firoj shaah tugalak ne (1351–88) aur sikandar lodhi ne (1489–1517) karavaai. major aar.smith ne iska jeernoddhaar 1829 mein karavaaya tha.[2]

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sandarbh

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