kusheenagar jila

kusheenagar
kasba
परिनिर्वाण मंदिर के निकट खुदाई में मिली बुद्ध प्रतिमा
parinirvaan mandir ke nikat khudaai mein mili buddh pratima
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttar pradesh
jila kusheenagar
saansad raajesh paandeya
janasankhya 17,982 (2001 tak )

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a44′a30″aN 83°a53′a26″aE / 26.7416246°aN 83.8906145°aE / 26.7416246; 83.8906145 kusheenagar bhaarateeya raajya uttar pradesh ka ek jila evam ek ek chhota sa kasba hai. is janapad ka mukhyaalaya kusheenagar se koi 15 kimi door padarauna mein sthit hai. kusheenagar raashtreeya raajamaarg 28 par Gorakhpur se koi 50 kimi poorab mein sthit hai. mahaatma buddh ka nirvaan yaheen hua tha. yahaaain anek sundar bauddh mandir hain. is kaaran se yeh ek antararaashtreeya paryatan sthal bhi hai jahaaain mukhyat: vishv bhar ke bauddh teerthayaatri bhraman ke liye aate hain. kusheenagar kasbe ke aur poorab badhne par lagbhag 20 kimi baad Bihar raajya aarambh ho jaata hai.

yahaaain buddh snaatakottar mahaavidyaalaya, buddh intaramediyet kaalej tatha kai chhote-chhote vidyaalaya bhi hain. apne-aap mein yeh ek chhota sa kasba hai jiske poorab mein ek kimi ki doori par kasayaan naamak bada kasba hai. kusheenagar ke aas-paas ka kshetr mukhyat: krushi-pradhaan hai. jan-saamanya ki boli Bhojpuri hai. yahaaain gehooain, dhaan, ganna aadi mukhya fasalein paida hoteen hain.

buddh poornima ke avsar par kusheenagar mein ek maah ka mela lagta hai. yadyapi yeh teerth mahaatma buddh se sanbandhit hai, kintu aas-paas ka kshetr hindu bahul hai. is mele mein aas-paas ki janta poorn shraddha se bhaag leti hai aur vibhinn mandiron mein pooja-archana evam darshan karti hai. kisi ko sandeh nahi ki buddh unke 'Bhagwan' hain.

anukram

naam itihaas

maitreya-buddh pariyojana

sansaar ki vishaalatam pratima-maitreya buddh ka nirmaan Bhaarat (kusheenagar, uttar pradesh) mein hi kiya ja raha hai. maitreya pariyojana ke tahat is par tvarit gati se kaam ho raha hai. is pariyojana ko sabhi bauddh raashtron ka sahayog praapt hai aur dalaai laama ka sanrakshakatv bhi. yeh moorti paanch sau foot oonchi hogi. jis manch par buddh aaseen honge uske andar chaar hajaar logon ke saath baith kar dhyaan karne ki vyavastha hogi. pratima ki shaili tibbati hai. veshabhoosha bhi tibbati hai. buddh ke baithane ke mudra aisi hogi jaise ki ve sinhaasan par baithe hon aur uth kar chal dene ko tatpar hon. tibbati bauddh maanyata hai ki maitreya buddh sukhaavati lok mein theek isi mudra mein baithe hain aur kisi bhi pal ve pruthvi ki or chal deinge. is pratima mein isi dhaarana ka shilpaankan hoga.

nagar

teerth yaatra
bauddh
dhaarmik sthal
Dharma Wheel.svg
chaar mukhya sthal
lumbini · bodh gaya
saaranaath · kusheenagar
chaar anya sthal
shraavasti · raajageer
sanakissa · vaishaali
anya sthal
Patna · gaya
kaushaambi · Mathura
kapilvastu · devadaha
kesariya · paava
naalanda · Varanasi
baad ke sthal
saaainchi · ratnaagiri
ellora · ajanta
bhaarahat
dekhein samvaad

antarraashtreeya bauddh paryatan kendra ke roop mein vikhyaat kusheenagar uttar pradesh ka ek mahatvapoorn nagar hai. isi sthaan par mahaatma buddh ne mahaaparinirvaan praapt kiya tha. kusheenagar ko kasaya ya kusheenagar naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. Gorakhpur se mahaj 53 kimi. ki doori par sthit yeh nagar ek jamaane mein mall vansh ki rajdhani thi. saath hi kusheenagar praacheenakaal ke 16 mahaajanapadon mein ek tha. cheeni yaatri hvenasaang aur faahiyaan ke yaatra vruttaaton mein bhi is praacheen nagar ka ullekh milta hai. is praacheen sthaan ko prakaash mein laane ke shreya general A kaningham aur A. si. L. kaarlaail ko jaata hai jinhonnein 1861 mein is sthaan ki khudaai karavaai. 1904 se 1912 ke beech is sthaan ke praacheen mahatva ko sunishchit karne ke liye bhaarateeya puraataatvik sarvekshan vibhaag ne anek sthaanon par khudaai karavaai. praacheen kaal ke anek mandiron aur mathon ko yahaan dekha ja sakta hai.

kusheenagar ke kareeb faajilnagar kasba hai jahaan ke 'chhathiyaanv' naamak gaanv mein kisi ne mahaatma buddh ko sooar ka kachcha gost khila diya tha jiske kaaran unhein dast ki beemaari shuroo hui aur mallon ki rajdhani kusheenagar tak jaate-jaate ve nirvaan ko praapt hue. faajilnagar mein aaj bhi kai teele hain jahaan Gorakhpur vishvavidyaalaya ke praacheen itihaas vibhaag ki or se kuchh khudaai ka kaam karaaya gaya hai aur anek praacheen vastuen praapt hui hain. fir bhi abhi aur khudaai karaae jaane ki aavashyakta hai. faajilnagar ko paavaapuri bhi kaha jaata hai. kuchh itihaasakaaron ka mat hai ki jainadharm ki vaastavik paavaapuri yahi hai na ki Bihar sthiti paavaapuri. yahi kaaran hai ki jainiyon dvaara yahaan par jain mandir ka nirmaan bhi karaaya gaya hai. faajilnagar ke paas gram jogiya janoobi patti mein bhi ek ati praacheen mandir ke avashesh hain jahaan buddh ki atipracheen moorti khandit avastha mein padi hai. gaanv vaale is moorti ko jogeer Baba kehte hain. sambhavat: jogeer Baba ke naam par is gaanv ka naam jogiya pada hai. jogiya gaanv ke kuchh jujhaaroo log `lokarang saanskrutik samiti´ ke naam se jogeer Baba ke sthaan ke paas prativrsh May maah mein `lokarang´ kaaryakram aayojit karte hain jismein desh ke mahatvapoorn saahityakaar evam saikadon lok kalaakaar sammilit hote hain. ye aayojan behad hi flop saabit hua hai

pramukh aakarshan

nirvaan stoop

Gautam buddh ka samaadhi stoop

int aur rodi se bane is vishaal stoop ko 1876 mein kaarlaail dvaara khoja gaya tha. is stoop ki oonchaai 2.74 meter hai. is sthaan ki khudaai se ek taanbe ki naav mili hai. is naav mein khude abhilekhon se pata chalta hai ki ismein mahaatma buddh ki chita ki raakh rakhi gayi thi.

mahaanirvaan mandir

parinirvaan stoop evam mandir

mahaanirvaan ya nirvaan mandir kusheenagar ka pramukh aakarshan hai. is mandir mein mahaatma buddh ki 6.10 meter lambi pratima sthaapit hai. 1876 mein khudaai ke dauraan yeh pratima praapt hui thi. yeh sundar pratima chunaar ke baluaa patthar ko kaatkar banaai gayi thi. pratima ke neeche khude abhilekh ke pata chalta hai ki is pratima ka sambandh paanchaveen shataabdi se hai. kaha jaata hai ki hareebaala naamak bauddh bhikshu ne gupt kaal ke dauraan yeh pratima Mathura se kusheenagar laaya tha.

bauddh dharm

ki shreni ka hissa

Dharma Wheel.svg
bauddh dharm ka itihaas
· bauddh dharm ka kaalakram
· bauddh sanskruti
buniyaadi manobhaav
chaar aarya satya ·
aarya ashtaang maarg ·
nirvaan · trirtn · painchasheel
aham vyakti
shaakyamuni budh ·
Gautam buddh · bodhistv
kshetraanusaar bauddh dharm
dakshin-poorvi bauddh dharm
· cheeni bauddh dharm
· tibbati bauddh dharm ·
pashchimi bauddh dharm
bauddh saampradaaya
theraavaad · mahaayaan
· vajrayaan
bauddh saahitya
triptak · paali granth sangrah
· vinaya
· paali sootr · mahaayaan sootr
· abhidhrm · bauddh tantr

maathaakaur mandir

yeh mandir nirvaan stoop se lagbhag 400 gaj ki doori par hai. bhoomi sparsh mudra mein mahaatma buddh ki pratima yahaan se praapt hui hai. yeh pratima bodhivruksh ke neeche mili hai. iske tal mein khude abhilekh se pata chalta hai ki is moorti ka sambandh 10-11veen shataabdi se hai. is mandir ke saath hi khudaai se ek math ke avashesh bhi mile hain.

raamaabhar stoop

15 meter ooncha yeh stoop mahaaparinirvaan mandir se lagbhag 1.5 kimi. ki doori par hai. maana jaata hai ki yeh stoop usi sthaan par bana hai jahaan mahaatma buddh ko 483 isa poorv dafnaaya gaya tha. praacheen bauddh lekhon mein is stoop ko mukut bandhan chaitya ka naam diya gaya hai. kaha jaata hai ki yeh stoop mahaatma buddh ki mrutyu ke samay kusheenagar par shaasan karne vaale mall shaasakon dvaara banavaaya gaya tha.

aadhunik stoop

kusheenagar mein anek bauddh deshon ne aadhunik stoopon aur mathon ka nirmaan karavaaya hai. cheen dvaara banavaae gaye cheen mandir mein mahaatma buddh ki sundar pratima sthaapit hai. iske alaava Japani mandir mein asht dhaatu se bani mahaatma buddh ki aakarshak pratima dekhi ja sakti hai. is pratima ko Japan se laaya gaya tha.

bauddh sangrahaalaya

kusheenagar mein khudaai se praapt anek anmol vastuon ko bauddh sangrahaalaya mein sanrakshit kiya gaya hai. yeh sangrahaalaya indo-Japan-shreelankan bauddh kendra ke nikat sthit hai. aaspaas ki khudaai se praapt anek sundar moortiyon ko is sangrahaalaya mein dekha ja sakta hai. yeh sangrahaalaya somvaar ke alaava pratidin subah 10 se shaam 5 baje tak khula rahata hai.

in darshaneeya sthalon ke alaava kriyen mandir, Shiv mandir, Ram jaanki mandir, mediteshan park, barmeej mandir aadi bhi kusheenagar mein dekhe ja sakte hain

lokarang

lokarang saanskrutik samiti´ vigat teen vashon se lok sanskrutiyon ke anveshan, sanvardhan aur sanrakshan ki disha mein kaarya kar rahi hai. kisi bhi samaaj ki lok sanskruti, kala aur sangeet ka uske maanaveeya sanvedanaaon ke sanrakshan mein mahatvapoorn yogadaan hota hai. ham aseem lipsa, dhoortata, paakhand se aavrut parivesh mein ji rahe hain, jahaan thahar kar lokasanskrutiyon ki hifaajat ke liye vakt naheen hai. aise mein hamaari lok sanskrutiyaan samaapt hone ke kagaar par pahunch chuki hain. inheen chintaaon ko keinndr mein rakhakar `lokarang saanskrutik samiti´ ne gram-jogiya janoobi patti, faajilnagar, kusheenagar ke graameen ilaake mein hastakshep kiya hai. `lokarang 2008´ ke maadhyam se humne prayaas kiya tha ki poorvaanchal ke, deveegeet, hudka, pakhaavaj, fari nrutya, vividh lokageeton aur nukkad naatakon ko ek manch par laaya jaae aur is disha mein ham safal bhi hue the. `lokarang 2009´ mein humne chaita, birha, jogeera, kaharava, kabeer, kajari aur nirgun gaayaki, ekataara vaadan, jaanghiya, dhobiyaaoo aur fari nrutya, vividh lokageeton aur naatakon ko manch pradaan kiya. donon hi varsh humne vichaar goshthiyon ka aayojan kiya jinmein desh ke mahatvapoorn saahityakaar aur lok kalaakaar sammilit hue. `lokarang-2010´ mein panvariya, pakhaavaj, hudka aur ahiroo nrutya, chhatteesagadhi lokageet, bundelakhandi achari, brujavaasi, isuri faag evam aalha gaayaki ko sthaan diya gaya hai. Bhojpuri geeton ko manch pradaan karne ke liye tamaam lok gaayakon ko aamantrit kiya gaya hai. hamaara prayaas hoga ki `lokarang 2010´ lokasangeet /sanskruti ke sanrakshan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaae.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

Varanasi vimaanakshetr yahaan ka niktatam pramukh havaai-adda hai. Delhi, Lucknow, Kolkata aur Patna aadi shaharon se yahaan ke liye niyamit udaanein hain. iske atirikt Lucknow aur Gorakhpur bhi vaayuyaan se aakar yahaaain aaya ja sakta hai.

rel maarg

devariya yahaan ka niktatam railway station hai, jo yahaan se 35 kimi. ki doori par hai. kusheenagar se 53 kimi. door sthit Gorakhpur yahaan ka pramukh railway station hai, jo desh ke anek pramukh shaharon se juda hua hai.

gaadi sankhya -- gaadi ka naam ---- kahaaain se -- kahaaain tak

buddh parikrama express -- kaalaka -- Kolkata

2554 vaishaali express -- nayi Delhi -- barauni

4674 shaheed express -- amrutasar -- darabhanga

5208 aamrapaali express -- amrutasar -- barauni

5087 amaranaath express -- Gorakhpur -- Jammu tavi

5651 lohit express -- guvahaati -- Jammu tavi

5047 poorvaanchal express -- Gorakhpur -- haavada

3020 baagh express -- kaathagodaam -- haavada

5012 raapti-saagar express -- Gorakhpur -- kocheen

5092 Gorakhpur-bangalor express -- Gorakhpur -- bangalor

5090 Gorakhpur-sikndaraabaad express -- Gorakhpur -- sikndaraabaad

1016 kusheenagar express -- Gorakhpur -- kurla (mumbai]]

5046 Gorakhpur-Ahmedabad express -- Gorakhpur -- Ahmedabad

9166 saabaramati express -- mujaffarapur -- Ahmedabad

sadak maarg

kusheenagar se jaane wala raashtreeya raajamaarg 28 ise anya pramukh shaharon se jodta hai. raajya ke pramukh shaharon se yahaan ke liye niyamit bas sevaaen upalabdh hain.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain