kumbh mela

[chitr:Bathing ghat on the Ganges during Kumbh Mela, 2010, Haridwar.jpg|thumb|350px|haridvaar ke Kumbh mele (2010) ke dauraan ganga kinaare snaan ghaat par shraddhaalu]]

2001 ke prayaag kumbh mele ka drushya

Kumbh parv hindu dharm ka ek mahatvapoorn parv hai, jismein karodon shraddhaalu Kumbh parv sthal- haridvaar, prayaag, ujjain aur Nasik- mein snaan karte hain. inmein se pratyek sthaan par prati baarahavein varsh is parv ka aayojan hota hai. haridvaar aur prayaag mein do Kumbh parvon ke beech chhah varsh ke antaraal mein ardhakunbh bhi hota hai. 2013 ka kumbh prayaag mein ho raha hai. iske bad ka kumbh 2016 me Ujjain me hoga

khagol gananaaon ke anusaar yeh mela makar sankraanti ke din praarambh hota hai, jab soorya aur chandrama, vrushchik raashi mein aur vruhaspati, mesh raashi mein pravesh karte hain. makar sankraanti ke hone vaale is yog ko "kumbh snaan-yog" kehte hain aur is din ko vishesh mangalik maana jaata hai, kyonki yeh maana jaata hai ki is din pruthvi se uchch lokon ke dwaar is din khulate hain aur is prakaar is din snaan karne se aatma ko uchch lokon ki praapti sahajata se ho jaati hai.yahaaain snaan karna saakshaat svarg darshan maana jaata hai.

anukram

ardh kumbh

'ardh' shabd ka arth hota hai aadha. aur isi kaaran baarah varshon ke antaraal mein aayojit hone vaale poorn kumbh ke beech arthaat poorn kumbh ke chh: varsh baad ardh Kumbh aayojit hota hai. haridvaar mein pichhla Kumbh 1998 mein hua tha.

haridvaar mein 26 January se 14 May 2004 tak chalne wala ardh Kumbh mela, uttaraanchal raajya ke gathan ke pashchaat aisa pratham avsar hai. is dauraan 14 April 2004 pavitra snaan ke liye sarvottam diwas hai.

jyotisheeya mahatva

pauraanik vishvaas jo kuchh bhi ho, jyotishiyon ke anusaar Kumbh ka asaadhaaran mahatva bruhaspati ke Kumbh raashi mein pravesh tatha soorya ke mesh raashi mein pravesh ke saath juda hai. grahon ki sthiti haridvaar se bahti ganga ke kinaare par sthit har ki paudi sthaan par ganga jal ko aushadhikrut karti hai tatha un dinon yeh amrutamaya ho jaati hai. yahi kaaran hai ‍aki apni antaraatma ki shuddhi hetu pavitra snaan karne laakhon shraddhaalu yahaaain aate hain. aadhyaatmik drushti se ardh Kumbh ke kaal me grahon ki sthiti ekaagrata tatha dhyaan saadhana ke liye utkrusht hoti hai. [1] haalaaainki sabhi hindu tyohaar samaan shraddha aur bhakti ke saath manaae [2] jaate hai, par yahaaain ardh Kumbh tatha Kumbh mele ke liye aane vaale paryatakon ki sankhya sabse adhik hoti hai.[3]

pauraanik kathaaeain

saagar manthan

Kumbh parv ke aayojan ko lekar do-teen pauraanik kathaaeain prachalit hain jinmein se sarvaadhik maanya katha Dave-daanavon dvaara samudra manthan se praapt amrut Kumbh se amrut booaindein girne ko lekar hai. is katha ke anusaar maharshi durvaasa ke shaap ke kaaran jab Indra aur anya devata kamjor ho gaye to daityon ne devataaon par aakraman kar unhein paraast kar diya. tab sab devata milkar Bhagwan vishnu ke paas gaye aur unhe saara vrutaant sunaaya. tab Bhagwan vishnu ne unhe daityon ke saath milkar ksheerasaagar ka manthan karke amrut nikaalne ki salaah di. Bhagwan vishnu ke aisa kehne par sampoorn devata daityon ke saath sandhi karke amrut nikaalne ke yatn mein lag gaye. amrut Kumbh ke nikalte hi devataaon ke ishaare se indraputr 'jayant' amrut-kalash ko lekar aakaash mein ud gaya. uske baad daityaguru shukraachaarya ke aadeshaanusaar daityon ne amrut ko vaapas lene ke liye jayant ka peechha kiya aur ghor parishram ke baad unhonne beech raaste mein hi jayant ko pakada. tatpashchaat amrut kalash par adhikaar jamaane ke liye Dave-daanavon mein baarah din tak aviraam yuddh hota raha.

is paraspar maarakaat ke dauraan pruthvi ke chaar sthaanon (prayaag, haridvaar, ujjain, Nasik) par kalash se amrut booaindein giri theen. us samay chandrama ne ghat se prasravan hone se, soorya ne ghat footane se, guru ne daityon ke apaharan se evam shani ne devendr ke bhaya se ghat ki raksha ki. kalah shaant karne ke liye Bhagwan ne mohini roop dhaaran kar yathaadhikaar sabko amrut baaaintakar pila diya. is prakaar Dave-daanav yuddh ka ant kiya gaya.

amrut praapti ke liye Dave-daanavon mein paraspar baarah din tak nirantar yuddh hua tha. devataaon ke baarah din manushyon ke baarah varsh ke tulya hote hain. ataev Kumbh bhi baarah hote hain. unamein se chaar Kumbh pruthvi par hote hain aur shesh aath Kumbh devalok mein hote hain, jinhein devagan hi praapt kar sakte hain, manushyon ki vahaaain pahuainch naheen hai.

jis samay mein chandraadikon ne kalash ki raksha ki thi, us samay ki vartamaan raashiyon par raksha karne vaale chandra-sooryaadik grah jab aate hain, us samay Kumbh ka yog hota hai arthaat jis varsh, jis raashi par soorya, chandrama aur bruhaspati ka sanyog hota hai, usi varsh, usi raashi ke yog mein, jahaaain-jahaaain amrut booaind giri thi, vahaaain-vahaaain Kumbh parv hota hai.

kumbh 2013

vishesh din

mahaakumbh 2013 snaan ke liye kumbh mein jo din vishesh hain vo is prakaar hain -

itihaas

  • 10,000 isaapoorv (ipoo) - itihaasakaar S bi Roy ne anushthaanik nadi snaan ko svasiddh kiya.
  • 600 ipoo - bauddh lekhon mein nadi melon ki upasthiti.
  • 400 ipoo - samraat chandragupt ke darbaar mein yoonaani doot ne ek mele ko prativedit kiya.
  • ipoo 300 isvi - Roy maanate hain ki mele ke vartamaan svaroop ne isi kaal mein svaroop liya tha. vibhinn puraanon aur anya pracheen maukhik paramparaaon par aadhaarit paathon mein pruthvi par chaar vibhinn sthaanon par amrut girne ka ullekh hua hai.
  • 547 - abhaan naamak sabse praarambhik akhaade ka likhit prativedan isi samay ka hai.
  • 600 - cheeni yaatri hyaan-seing ne prayaag (vartamaan Allahabad) par samraat harsh dvaara aayojit kumbh mein snaan kiya.
  • 904 - nirnjani akhaade ka gathan.
  • 1146 - joona akhaade ka gathan.
  • 1300 - kaanafata yogi charampanthi saadhu Rajasthan sena mein kaaryarat.
  • 1398 - taimoor, hinduon ke prati sultaan ki sahishnuta ke dand svaroop Delhi ko dhvast karta hai aur fir haridvaar mele ki or kooch karta hai aur hajaaron shraddhaaluon ka narasanhaar karta hai. vistaar se - 1398 haridvaar mahaakumbh narasanhaar
  • 1565 - madhusoodan sarasvati dvaara dasanaami vyavstha ki ladaaka ikaaiyon ka gathan.
  • 1684 - fraanseesi yaatri taverniye nein Bhaarat mein 12 lakh hindu saadhuon ke hone ka anumaan lagaaya.
  • 1690 - Nasik me shaiv aur vaishnav saampradaayon mein sangharsh; 60,000 mare.
  • 1760 - shaivon aur vaishnavon ke beech haridvaar melein mein sangharsh; 1,800 mare.
  • 1780 - britishon dvaara mathavaasi samoohon ke shaahi snaan ke liye vyavastha ki sthaapana.
  • 1820 -haridvaar mele mein hui bhagadad se 430 log maare gaye.
  • 1906- british kalavaari ne saadhuon ke beech mela mein hui ladaai mein beechabachaav kiya.
  • 1954 - chaalees lakh logon arthaat Bhaarat ki 1% janasankhya ne Allahabad mein aayojit kumbh mein bhaageedaari ki; bhagadad mein kai sau log mare.
  • 1989 - ginij book of world rikaurds ne 6 fravari ke Allahabad mele mein 1.5 karod logon ki upasthiti pramaanit ki, joki us samay tak kisi ek uddeshya ke liye ekatrit logon ki sabse badi bheed thi.
  • 1995 - Allahabad ke “ardhakumbha” ke dauraan 30 January ke snaan diwas ko 2 karod logon ki upasthiti.
  • 1998 - haridvaar mahaakumbh mein 5 karod se adhik shraddhaalu chaar maheenon ke dauraan padhaare; 14 April ke ek din mein 1 karod log upasthit.
  • 2001 - Allahabad ke mele mein chh: saptaahon ke dauraan 7 karod shraddhaalu, 24 January ke akele din 3 karod log upasthit.
  • 2003 - Nasik mele mein mukhya snaan diwas par 60 lakh log upasthit.
  • 2004 - ujjain mela; mukhya diwas 5, 19, 22, 24 April aur 4 May.
  • 2007 - Allahabad me ardhakumbh. pavitra nagari ilaabaad mein ardhakumbh ka aayojan 3 January 2007 se 26 fravari 2007 tak hua.
  • 2010 - haridvaar mein mahaakumbh praarambh. 14 January 2010 se 28 April 2010 tak aayojit kiya jaaega. vistaar se - 2010 haridvaar mahaakumbh
  • 2015 - naashik aur trayanbakeshvar mein ek saath July 14 ,2015 ko praat: 6:16 par varsh 2015 ka kumbh mela praarambh hua aur sitmbar 25,2015 ko kumbh mela samaapt ho jaayega. [4]
  • 2016 - ujjain mein 22 April se aarambh

sandarbh

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain