kuchipudi

kuchipudi
కaaూaaచaaిaaపaaూaaడaaి
Kuchipudi Performer DS.jpg
nrutyaangana vaidehi Kulkarni dvaara kuchipudi nrutya
Genre bhaarateeya shaastreeya nrutya
kuchipudi naayika ek bhangima pradarshit karti hui
kuchipudi nrutya
kuchipudi nrutya mein shri Krishna ka ank

kuchipudi (telugu : కaaూaaచaaిaaపaaూaaడaaి) Andhra pradesh, Bhaarat ki prasiddh nrutya shaili hai. yeh pure dakshin Bhaarat mein mashahoor hai. is nrutya ka naam Krishna jile ke divi taaluk mein sthit kuchipudi gaaainv ke oopar pada, jahaaain ke rahane vaale braahman is paaramparik nrutya ka abhyaas karte the. param‍aapara ke anusaar kucheepudi nrut‍aaya moolat: keval purushon dvaara kiya jaata tha aur vah bhi keval braahman samudaaya ke purushon dvaara. ye braahman parivaar kucheepudi ke bhaagavatathaaloo kahalaate the. kucheepudi ke bhaagavatathaaloo braahmanon ka pehla samooh 1502 isavi ke aaspaas nirmit kiya gaya tha. unke kaaryakram devataaon ko samarpit kiye jaate the. prachalit kathaaon ke anusaar kuchipudi nrutya ko punarparibhaashit karne ka kaarya siddhendr yogi naamak ek Krishna-bhakt sant ne kiya tha.[1][2]

kucheepudi ke pandrah braahman parivaaron ne paanch shataabdiyon se adhik samay tak param‍aapara ko aage badhaaya hai. pratishthit guru jaise vedaantam laksh‍aami Narayan, chinta krush‍aana moorti aur taa‍aadepal‍aali peraaya ne mahilaaon ko ismein shaamil kar nrut‍aaya ko aur samruddh banaaya hai. dau॰ vemaapati chin‍aana sat‍aayam ne ismein kai nrut‍aaya naatikaaon ko joda aur kai ekal pradarshanon ki nrut‍aaya sanrachana taiyaar ki aur is prakaar nrut‍aaya roop ke kshitij ko v‍aayaapak banaaya. yeh param‍aapara tab se mahaan bani hui hai jab purush hi mahilaaon ka abhinay karte the aur ab mahilaaen purushon ka abhinay karne lagi hain.

anukram

pradarshan evam manchan

nrutya ka pradarshan ek khaas paramparaagat tareeke se hota hai. manch par paramparaagat poojan ke pashchaat pratyek kalaakaar manch par pravesh karta hai aur ek khaas layabaddh rachana dhaaravu ke dvaara apna paatr-parichay deta hai. paatron ke parichay aur naatak ka mood set ho jaane ke baad mukhya naatya aarambh hota hai. nrutya ke saath Karnataka sangeet mein nibddh geet mrudangam, vaayalin, baaainsuri aur tamboora ityaadi vaadyayantron ke saath nrutya mein sahayogi bhoomika nibhaata hai aur kathaanak ko bhi aage badhaane mein sahaayak hota hai. nartakon dvaara pahane jaane vaale aabhooshan paramparaagat hote hain jinhein ek khaas kism ki halaki lakdi boorugu se nirmit kiye jaane ki parampara lagbhag satrahaveen sadi se chali aa rahi hai.

shaili

kuchipudi nrutya par Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara jaari daak ticket

bharat muni, jinhonne naatya shaastr ki rachana ki, is prakaar ke nrutya ke kai pahaluon ki vyaakhya prastut karte hain. baad mein koi 13veen sadi ke dauraan siddhendr yogi ne ise ek alag vishisht shaili ka roop pradaan kiya. maana jaata hai ki ve naatyashaastr mein paarangat the aur kuchh khaas naatyashaastreeya tatvon ko chun kar is nrutya ke roop mein samaayojit kiya. unhonne paarijaataharanam naamak naatyaavali ki rachana ki.[3]

kuchipudi nartak chapal aur drut gati se yukt, ek khaas vartulata liye kram mein bhangimaaon ka anukram prastut karte hain aur is nrutya mein pad-sanchaalan mein udaan ki prachur maatra hoti hai jiske kaaran iske pradarshan mein ek vishisht garima aur layaatmakata ka sannivesh hota hai. Karnataka sangeet ke saath prastut kiya jaane wala yeh nrutya kai drushtiyon se bharatanaatyam ke saath samaanataayein rakhata hai. ekal prasooti mein kuchipudi mein jaatisvaram aur tilaana ka sannivesh hota hai jabki iske nrutyam praaroop mein kai sangeetabaddh rachanaaon dvaara bhakt ke Bhagwan mein leen ho jaane ki aabheepsa ka pradarshan hota hai. iske ek khaas praaroop tarangam mein nartaki thaali, jismein do deepak jal rahe hote hain, ke kinaaron par nrutya karti hai aur saath hi haathon mein ek jalapaatr kindi ko bhi santulit rakhati hai.

nrutya ki vartamaan shaili kuchh maanak granthon par aadhaarit hai. inmein sabse pramukh hai - nandikeshvar rachit "abhinay darpan" aur "bharataarnav".

pramukh kalaakaar


inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain

sujhaavit granth aur saamagri

  • Kuchipudi Bhartam. Sri Satguru Publications/Indian Books Centre, Delhi, India, in Raga-Nrtya Series.