kuainvar Narayan

janm: 19 September 1927
faijaabaad, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: kavi, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kavita, khandakaavya, kahaani, sameeksha
saahityik
aandolan
:
nai kavita,
pramukh kruti(yaaain): chakravyooh, aatmajayi, vaajashrava ke bahaane
hastaakshar: Hastaksharkunwarnarayan s.jpg
2005 mein jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit
taar saptak ke pramukh kavi

kuainvar Narayan ka janm 19 September 1927 ko hua. nai kavita aandolan ke sashakt hastaakshar kuainvar Narayan ajnyaeya dvaara sanpaadit teesara saptak (1959) ke pramukh kaviyon mein rahe hain. kuainvar Narayan ko apni rachanaasheelata mein itihaas aur mithk ke jariye vartamaan ko dekhne ke liye jaana jaata hai. kunvar Narayan ka rachana sansaar itna vyaapak evam jatil hai ki usako koi ek naam dena sambhav naheen. yadyapi kunvar Narayan ki mool vidha kavita rahi hai par iske alaava unhonne kahaani, lekh va sameekshaaon ke saath-saath cinema, rangamanch evam anya kalaaon par bhi bakhoobi lekhani chalaayi hai. iske chalte jahaaain unke lekhan mein sahaj sanpreshaneeyata I vaheen ve prayogadharmi bhi bane rahe. unki kavitaaon-kahaaniyon ka kai bhaarateeya tatha videshi bhaashaaon mein anuvaad bhi ho chuka hai. 'tanaav' patrika ke liye unhonne kavaafi tatha brorkhes ki kavitaaon ka bhi anuvaad kiya hai. 2009 mein kuainvar Narayan ko varsh 2005 ke liye desh ke saahitya jagat ke sarvochch sammaan jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya.

anukram

jeevan parichay

unhone intar tak ki padhaai vigyaan vishay se ki lekin aage chal kar ve saahitya ke vidyaarthi bane aur 1951 mein Lucknow vishvavidyaalaya se angreji saahitya mein M.A. kiya. ve uttar pradesh ke sangeet naatak academy ke 1976 se 1979 tak up peethaadhyaksh rahe aur 1975 se 1978 tak ajnyaeya dvaara sanpaadit maasik patrika naya prateek ke sampaadak mandal ke sadasya bhi rahe. pehle maaain aur fir bahan ki asaamayik maut ne unki antaraatma ko jhakajhor kar rakh diya, par toot kar bhi jud jaana unhonne seekh liya tha. Patrick roop mein unka car ka vyavasaaya tha, par iske saath unhonne saahitya ki duniya mein bhi pravesh karna munaasib samjha. iske peechhe ve kaaran ginaate hain ki saahitya ka dhandha na karna pade isliye samaanaantar roop se apna Patrick dhandha bhi chalaana uchit samjha.[1]

saahitya yaatra

ema0ema0 karne ke theek paaainch varsh baad varsh 1956 mein 29 varsh ki aayu mein unka pratham kaavya sangrah chakravyooh naam se prakaashit hua. alp samay mein hi apni prayogadharmita ke chalte unhonne pachaan sthaapit kar li aur nateejan ajnyaeya ji ne varsh 1959 mein unki kavitaaon ko kedaaranaath Singh, sarveshvar dayaal Saxena aur vijyadev Narayan saahi ke saath 'teesara saptak' mein shaamil kiya. yahaaain se unhein kaafi prasiddhi mili. 1965 mein 'aatmajayi' jaise prabandh kaavya ke prakaashan ke saath hi kunvar Narayan ne aseem sambhaavnaaon vaale kavi ke roop mein pehchaan bana li. fir to aakaaron ke aaspaas (kahaani sangrah-1971), parivesh : ham-tum, apne saamane, koi doosra naheen, in dinon, aaj aur aaj se pehle (sameeksha), mere saakshaatkaar aur haal hi mein prakaashit vaajashrava ke bahaane sahit unki tamaam krutiyaaain aain.[2]

samaalochana

kuainvar Narayan hamaare daur ke sarvashreshth saahityakaar hain. unki kaavyayaatra 'chakravyooh' se shuroo hui. iske saath hi unhonne hindi ke kaavya paathakon mein ek nai tarah ki samajh paida ki. unke sangrah 'parivesh ham tum' ke maadhyam se maanaveeya sambandhon ki ek virl vyaakhya ham sabke saamane I. unhonne apne prabandh 'aatmajayi' mein mrutyu sambandhi shaashvat samasya ko kathopanishd ka maadhyam banaakar adbhut vyaakhya ke saath hamaare saamane rakha. ismein nachiketa apne pita ki aajnyaa, 'mrutya ve tva dadaameeti' arthaat main tumhein mrutyu ko deta hooain, ko shirodhaarya karke yam ke dwaar par chala jaata hai, jahaaain vah teen din tak bhookha-pyaasa rahakar yamaraaj ke ghar lautane ki prateeksha karta hai. usaki is saadhana se prasann hokar yamaraaj use teen varadaan maaaingane ki anumati dete hain. nachiketa inmein se pehla varadaan yeh maaaingata hai ki uske pita vaajashrava ka krodh samaapt ho jaae. nachiketa ke isi kathan ko aadhaar banaakar kuainvar naaraayanaji ki jo kruti 2008 mein I, 'vaajashrava ke bahaane', usamein unhonne pita vaajashrava ke man mein jo udvelan chalta raha use atyadhik saatvik shabdaavali mein kaavyabaddh kiya hai. is kruti ki virl visheshata yeh hai ki 'amoort'ko ek atyadhik sookshm sanvedanaatmak shabdaavali dekar nai utsaah parakh jijeevisha ko vaani di hai. jahaaain ek or aatmajayi mein kuainvaranaaraayan ji ne mrutyu jaise vishay ka nirvachan kiya hai, vaheen iske theek vipreet 'vaajashrava ke bahaane'kruti mein apni vidhaayak samvedna ke saath jeevan ke aalok ko rekhaankit kiya hai. yeh kruti aaj ke is barbar samay mein bhatakati hui maanasikta ko na keval raahat deti hai, balki yeh prerana bhi deti hai ki do peedhiyon ke beech samanvaya banaae rakhane ka samajhdaar dhang kya ho sakta hai.[3]

prakaashit krutiyaaain

kavita sangrah - chakravyooh (1956), teesara saptak (1959),parivesh : ham-tum(1961), apne saamane (1979), koi doosra naheen(1993), in dinon(2002).
khand kaavya - aatmajayi (1965) aur vaajashrava ke bahaane (2008).
kahaani sangrah - aakaaron ke aaspaas (1973).
sameeksha vichaar - aaj aur aaj se pehle(1998), mere saakshaatkaar (1999), saahitya ke kuchh antarvishyak sandarbh (2003).
sankalan - kunvar Narayan-sansaar(chune hue lekhon ka sangrah) 2002,kuainvar Narayan upasthiti (chune hue lekhon ka sangrah)(2002), kuainvar Narayan chuni hui kavitaaeain (2007), kuainvar Narayan- pratinidhi kavitaaeain (2008)

puraskaar sammaan

2009 mein kuainvar Narayan ko varsh 2005 ke jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya. chhah October ko raashtrapati pratibha Patil ne unhein desh ke sabse bade saahityik sammaan se sammaanit kiya. jnyaaanapeeth ke alaava kuainvar Narayan ko saahitya academy puraskaar, vyaas sammaan, Kumar aashaan puraskaar, premachand puraskaar, raashtreeya kabeer sammaan, shalaaka sammaan, medal of vaurasa university, Poland aur rom ke antarraashtreeya preemiyo fereniya sammaan aur 2009 mein padmabhooshan sammaan se sammaanit kiya gaya.[4][5]

sandarbh