kreemiya

Ukraine mein kreemiya praayadveep ki sthiti (laal rang mein)
Crimea republic map.png
bakhcheesaraaya mein kreemiya ke bhootapoorv Khan ka mahal

kreemiya ya kraaimiya (angreji: Crimea, kraaimiya; roosi: Кaaрaaыaaм, kryim; yookreni: Кaaрaaиaaм, krim) poorvi Europe mein Ukraine desh ka ek svashaasit ang hai jo us raashtra ki prashaasan pranaali mein ek 'svashaasit ganaraajya' ka darja rakhata hai. yeh Krishna saagar ke uttari tat par sthit ek praayadveep (peninsula) hai. is kshetr ke itihaas mein kreemiya ka mahatva raha hai aur bahut se deshon aur jaatiyon mein is par kbje ko lekar jhadpein hui hain. 18 March 2014 ko roosi raashtrapati vlaadimeer putin kreemiya ko roosi sangh mein milaane ke prastaav par hastaakshar kar diye. iske saath hi kreemiya roosi sangh ka hissa ban gaya hai.[1]

anukram

bhoogol aur log

kreemiya ka kshetrafal 26,200 varg kimi (10,100 varg meal) hai. ispar sthit praant ki rajdhani simfropol (Сaaіaaмaaфaaеaaрaaоaaпaaоaaлaaь, Simferopol) hai. ispar kabhi kreemiyaai taataaron ki bahutaayat thi lekin josef staalin ke jmaane mein unhein jbaradasti madhya Asia bhej diya gaya. samay ke saath unamein se kuchh vaapas aa gaye hain aur ab taataar log is praayadveep ki aabaadi ka 13% hain. vartamaan mein is kshetr ka sabse bada samudaaya roosi log hain.[2]

itihaas

yoonaani, skithi, goth, hoon, khjr, bulagaar, usamaani turk, mangol aur bahut se anya saamraajyon ne vakt-vakt par kreemiya par kbja jamaaya hai. 18 veen sadi ke baad ispar roosi saamraajya ka adhikaar ban gaya aur fir 1917 ki soviyt kraanti ke baad yeh soviyt sangh ka hissa bana. 20 veen sadi ke ant mein Ukraine aajaad hua aur tab se yeh us raashtra ka hissa hai.[3]

kreemiya sankat

26 fravari 2014 ko hathiyaarband roos samarthakon ne Ukraine ke kreemiya praayadveep mein sansad aur sarkaari imaaraton par ko kabja kar liya.[4] 2 March ko roos ki sansad ne bhi raashtrapati putin ke Ukraine mein roosi sena bhejane ke nirnaya ka anumodan kar diya.[5]iske peechhe tark diyaagaya ki vahaan roosi mool ke log bahutaayat mein hain jinke hiton ki raksha karna roos ki jimmedaari hai.[6] duniya bhar mein is sankat se chinta chha gayi aur kai deshon ke raajanayik amle harkat mein aa gaye.[7]

6 March ko kreemiya ki sansad ne roosi sangh ka hissa banane ke paksh mein matadaan kiya.[8]janamat sangrah ke parinaamon ko aadhaar banaakar 18 March 2014 ko kreemiya ko roosi federation mein milaane ke prastaav par roos ke raashtrapati vlaadimeer putin ne hastaakshar kar diye. iske saath hi kreemiya roosi federation ka hissa ban gaya hai.[9] ullekhaneeya hai ki kreemiya 18veen sadi se roos ka hissa raha hai lekin 1954 mein tatkaaleen roosi neta khrushchev ne Ukraine ko bheint ke taur par kreemiya diya tha.[6]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh