kota, Rajasthan

kota
shahar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Rajasthan
jila kota
janasankhya
ghanatv
695,899 (2001 tak )
• 288 /kimi2 (746 /varg meal)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 271 meter (889 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: kota.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a11′aN 75°a50′aE / 25.18°aN 75.83°aE / 25.18; 75.83 kota Rajasthan ka ek pramukh audyogik evam shaikshanik shahar hai. yeh chambal nadi ke tat par basa hua hai. rajdhani Jaipur se lagbhag 240 kilometer door sadak evam relamaarg se. Jaipur-jabalapur raashtreeya raajamaarg 12 par sthit. dakshin Rajasthan mein chanbal nadi ke poorvi kinaare par sthit kota un shaharon mein hai jahaan audyogeekaran bade paimaane par hua hai. kota anek kilon, mahalon, sangrahaalayon, mandiron aur bageechon ke liye lokapriya hai. yeh shahar naveenata aur praacheenata ka anootha mishran hai. jahaan ek taraf shahar ke smaarak praacheenata ka bodh karaate hain vaheen chanbal nadi par bana haaidro ilektrik plaant aur nyookliyr power plaant aadhunikta ka ehsaas karaata hai.

praarambh mein kota boondi raajya ka ek hissa tha. mugal shaasak jahaangeer ne jab boondi ke shaasakon ko paraajit kiya to boondi 1624 E. mein ek svatantr raajya ke roop mein sthaapit hua. Rao maadho Singh yahaan ke pratham svatantr shaasak ke roop mein gaddi par baithe. 1818 E. mein kota british saamraajya ke adheen ho gaya.


anukram

bhoogol

kota chambal nadi ke poorvi tat par sthit hai. yeh [[Rajasthan] ke dakshini bhaag mein aata hai. yahaan ka bhoogolik nirdeshaank hai 25°a11′aN 75°a50′aE / 25.18°aN 75.83°aE / 25.18; 75.83.[1]. yahaan ka kshetrafal hai 12,436 ki.mi.² (Rajasthan raajya ka 3.63 % bhoobhaag).[2] yahaan ki ausat oonchaai hai 271 meter (889 feet).

paridhaan

kota ki sooti saadi gota patti border sahit

kota ki vishesh sooti va kota doreeya saadiyaan prasiddh hain.

rajavaada

Princely City: kota
kshetr haadauti
dhvaj 19veen shati Kotah.svg
svatantr: boondi raajya
riyaasat ka astitv: 1579-1949
raajavansh rajput chauhaan haada
rajdhani kota

pramukh aakarshan

city fort pailes

chanbal nadi ke poorvi tat par 17 veen shataabdi mein bana yeh kila kota ka mukhya aakarshan hai. is kile ka parisar Rajasthan ke sabse vishaal kile parisaron mein hai. 17 veen shataabdi mein bana haathi pol kile mein pravesh ka khoobsoorat pravesh dwaar hai. kile ke burj, baalakani, gumbad, parakote behad aakarshak h

Rao maadho Singh sangrahaalaya

yeh sangrahaalaya puraane mahal mein sthit hai aur ise Rajasthan ke sabse behatareen sangrahaalayon mein maana jaata hai. kota raajya ke pratham shaasak Rao maadho Singh ke naam par sangrahaalaya ka naam rakha gaya hai. sangrahaalaya mein kota ki khoobsoorat peting, moortiyon, tasveerein, hathiyaar aur shaahi vansh se sambandhit anek vastuen dekhi ja sakti hain.

jagamandir mahal

yeh mahal kota ki ek raani dvaara 1740 E. mein banavaaya gaya tha. khoobsoorat kishor saagar jheel ke madhya bana yeh mahal raajaaon ke aamod pramod ka sthaan tha. jheel ke paaradarshi jal mein mahal ka pratibimb behad sundar lagta hai. kishor saagar jheel boondi ke Rajkumar dhi deh ne 1346 E. mein banvaai thi. jheel mein naukaayan ka aanand bhi liya ja sakta hai.

sarkaari sangrahaalaya

kishor saagar jheel ke sameep kishor baag mein bane brijvilaas mahal mein yeh sangrahaalaya sthit hai. sangrahaalaya mein durlabh sikkon, hastalipiyon aur chuninda hadoti moortiyon ka vistrut sangrah hai. yahaan baroli ke mandiron se kuchh aakarshak aur aitihaasik moortiyaan laakar rakhi gayi hain. shukravaar aur raashtreeya avakaash ke din sangrahaalaya band rahata hai.

chambal garden

yeh ek khoobsoorat piknik spot hai aur yahaan magaramachhon ka taalaab dekha ja sakta hai. yeh garden chambal nadi aur amar nivaas ke sameep sthit hai.

devataaji ki haveli

devataaji ki haveli Rajasthan ke sabse sundar bhavanon mein hai. kota ki yeh haveli anokhe bhittichitron aur chitrakaari ke liye prasiddh hai.


niktavarti sthal

dada vanya jeev abhyaaranya

kota se 50 kimi. door raashtreeya chambal vanya jeev abhyaaranya hai jo ghadiyaalon aur patale munh vaale magaramachhon ke liye bahut lokapriya hai. yahaan cheete, vaaildabor, teindue aur hirn bhi paae jaate hain. bahut kam jagah dikhaai dene wala durlabh karaakal bhi yahaan dekha ja sakta hai.

keshav rai paatan

shri keshav rai ji hadoti aur haada ke shaasakon ke ishtadev hain. keshoraipaatan Bhagwan shri keshav ka nivaas sthal hai. shri keshav ka madhyakaaleen mandir chanbal nadi ke kinaar sthit hai. nadi ki or waali mandir ki deevaar kile ki deevaar ke samaan hai. kaartik maah mein aayojit hone vaale mele mein yahaan shraddhaalu badi sankhya mein aate hain. is avsar par bhaktajan chambal nadi mein dubaki lagaate hain aur shri Krishna ke aasheervaad ki kaamna karte hain. keshav rai paatan kota se 22 kimi. door uttar poorv mein s‍aathit hai.

geparanaath mandir

kota se 22 kimi. door dakshin pashchim mein Shiv ko samarpit geparanaath mandir chambal nadi ke kinaare par sthit hai. yeh mandir 1569 E. mein bana tha. yeh sthaan praacheen kaal se shivbhakton ka pramukh teerthasthal raha hai. yahaan kuchh praacheen abhilekh praapt hue hain jo is tathya ki pushti karte hain. san 2008 me ek baङai hi vismayi ghatna ne samast kota vaaseeyo ka dil dahala diya. kareeb 250 vyakti jo ki Shiv mandir me darshan karne vaaste gaye the vo seedhiya tut jaane baabat andar hi fas gaye. prashaasan ne 2 din me kaङai mehnat kar unhe baahar nikaala. geparanaath me kareeb 470 seedhiya hai. kareeb 350meetar ki gahari khaai hai.

baadoli

yahaan 9 veen aur 12 veen shataabdi ke beech bane anek praacheen mandir hai. yeh sthaan kadam, aam, jaamun aur peepal ke pedon se ghira hinduon ka pavitra dhaarmik sthal hai. ghaateshvar yahaan ka mukhya mandir hai jo Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit hai. mandir ke sabha mandap visheshakar stambhon mein aakarshak nakkaashiyaan ki gayi hain. mahishaasuramardini aur tridev mandir anya do pramukh mandir hai. in mandiron ki kuchh pratimaaen kota ke sarkaari sangrahaalaya mein rakhi rgai hain.

shiksha

kota ki khaas pehchaan yahaan ke coaching sansthaan hain. kota ko Bhaarat ki "coaching rajdhani" bhi kaha jaata hai.[3] har saal is shahar mein laakhon vidyaarthi pratiyogi pareekshaaon ki taiyaariyon ke liye aate hain. pichhle kuchh saalon mein kota ek prasiddh coaching nagari ke roop mein ubhara hai. shahar ka shaikshanik kshetr yahaan ki arthavyavastha ka ek bada hissa hai.[4] yahaan kai coaching sansthaan hai jo vidyaarthiyon ko pratiyogi pareekshaaon jaise ki AIPMT, AIIMS, IIT ki taiyaari karavaate hain.[5][6]

pramukh vishvavidyaalaya aur college

  • gavarnameint medical college kota
  • Rajasthan takaneeki vishvavidyaalaya, kota
  • vardhamaan mahaaveer khula vishvavidyaalaya
  • kota vishvavidyaalaya
  • raashtreeya praudyogiki sansthaan, kota

pramukh coaching sansthaan

  • Allen career instityoot
  • rejoneins kota
  • bansal klaasej
  • aakaash instityoot
  • vibrant academy

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

najadeeki airport Jaipur ka saangaaner vimaanakshetr hai jo kota se 240 kimi. door hai. Bhaarat ke mahaanagaron se sanganer ke liye pratidin udaanon ki vyavastha hai. vaise kota mein bhi havaaiada hai, kintu vahaan haal mein koi udaanein upalabdh naheen hain. ise punah aarambh karne ke liye prayaas kiye ja rahe hai.

rel maarg

kota jankshan nijaamuddeen-Udaipur express ke maadhyam se Delhi se juda hua hai. mumbai August kraanti aur trivendram rajdhani suparafaast trainon se bhi kota pahuncha ja sakta hai. Jaipur se Jaipur-kota fast pesenjar aur Jaipur- Bombay sentral suparafaast trainon se kota jaaya ja sakta hai.

sadak maarg

Jaipur se raashtreeya raajamaarg 12 se tonk, devali aur boondi hote hue kota pahuncha ja sakta hai. mumbai se raashtreeya raajamaarg 8 aur 76 se chittaudgadh, bhaateshvar, bhadaura, bichor aur bilojiyaan hote hue kota pahuncha ja sakta hai.

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

vistrut pathan

  • Tod James Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan: Or, The Central and Western Rajpoot States of India Published 2001 Asian Educational Services ISBN 81-206-1289-2 pp. 407-690