kolosiym

kolosiym

kolosiym ya kolisiym (laatin: Amphitheatrum Flavium, itaalavi Anfiteatro Flavio ya Colosseo) Italy desh ke rom nagar ke madhya nirmit roman saamraajya ka sabse vishaal eliptikl enfeethiyetar hai. yeh roman sthaapatya aur abhiyaantriki ka sarvotkrusht namoona maana jaata hai. iska nirmaan tatkaaleen shaasak vespiyn ne 70veen - 72veen isvi ke madhya praarambh kiya aur 80veen isvi mein isko samraat taaitas ne poora kiya. 81 aur 96 varshon ke beech ismein domeeshiyn ke raaj mein ismein kuchh aur parivartan karavaae gaye. is bhavan ka naam emfeethiyetaram fleviym, vespiyn aur taaitas ke paarivaarik naam fleviys ke kaaran hai.

andaakaar kolosiym ki kshamata 50,000 darshakon ki thi, jo us samay mein saadhaaran baat naheen thi.[1] is stadium mein yoddhaaon ke beech maatr manoranjan ke liye khooni ladaaiyaaain hua karti theen. yoddhaaon ko jaanvaron se bhi ladna padta tha. glediyetar baaghon se ladte the. anumaan hai ki is stadium ke aise pradarshanon mein lagbhag 5 lakh pashuon aur 10 lakh manushya maare gaye.[2][3] iske atirikt pauraanik kathaaon par aadhaarit naatak bhi yahaaain khele jaate the. saal mein do baar bhavya aayojan hote the aur romanavaasi is khel ko bahut pasand karte the.[4] poorv madhyakaal mein is imaarat ko saarvajanik prayog ke liye band kar diya gaya. baad mein ise nivaas, kaaryashaalaaon, dhaarmik kaaryon, kile aur teerth sthal ke roop mein prayog kiya jaata raha.

aaj ikkeesavi shati mein yeh bhookamp aur patthar chori ke kaaran keval khandahar ke roop mein hi bachi hai lekin iske khandahar ko paryatakon ke liye saja sainvaarakar rakha gaya hai. yoonesko dvaara iska chayan vishv viraasat ke roop mein kiya gaya hai. yeh aaj bhi shaktishaali roman saamraajya ke vaibhav ka prateek hai, paryatakon ka sabse lokapriya gantavya hai aur roman church se nikat sambandh rakhata hai kyon ki aaj bhi har gud fraaide ko Pope yahaaain se ek mashaal jaloos nikaalate hain.


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