kofi annaan

kofi annaan
Kofi Annan.jpg

poorva dhikaari butaras ghaali
uttara dhikaari baan ki moon

janm (1938-04-08) 8 April 1938 (aayu 78 varsh)
kumasi, Ghana

kofi annaan(janm: 8 April 1938) ek ghaanaai kootneetigya hain. ve 1962 se 1974 tak aur 1974 se 2006 tak sanyukt raashtra mein kaaryarat rahe. ve 1 January 1997 se 31 December 2006 tak do kaaryakaalon ke liye sanyukt raashtra ke mahaasachiv rahe. unhein sanyukt raashtra ke saath 2001 mein Nobel shaanti puraskaar se sah-puraskrut kiya gaya.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan aur shiksha

kofi annaan ka janm 8 April 1938 ko gold kost (vartamaan desh Ghana) ke kumasi naamak shahar mein hua.[1] 1954 se 1957 tak kofi annaan ne mafintism school mein shiksha li. annaan 1957 mein ford faaundeshan ki di chhaatraavrutti par America gaye. vahaaain 1958 se 1961 tak unhonne minesota raajya ke sant paul shahar mein maikailestar college mein arthashaastr ki padhaai ki aur 1961 mein unhein snaatak ki degree mili.[2][3] 1961 mein annaan ne "antararaashtreeya sambandh" mein jineva ke graduate Institute of intaranaishanal stadeej se dee॰aai॰aae ki degree ki.[3] unhonne 1971 se June 1972 mein ailfraid sloan failo ke taur par ema॰aaaai॰aati se management mein ema॰aaes ki degree praapt ki.[3][4] annaan angreji, French, kroo, akaan ki anya boliyon aur anya afreeki bhaashaaon mein dhaaraapravaah hai.

praarambhik kairiyr

1962 mein kofi annaan ne sanyukt raashtra ki sanstha vishv svaasthya sangathan ke liye ek bajat adhikaari ke roop mein kaam shuroo kar diya. ve vishv svaasthya sangathan ke saath 1965 tak rahe.[2] 1965 se 1972 tak unhonne ithiyopiya ki rajdhani addees abaaba mein sanyukt raashtra ki ikaunomik kamishn faur aifrika ke liye kaam kiya.[4] vo August 1972 se May 1974 tak jineva mein sanyukt raashtra ke liye prashaasanik prabandhan adhikaari ke taur par rahe.[5] 1973 ki arab-ijraaili jang ke baad May 1974 se November 1974 tak vo misr mein shaanti abhiyaan mein sanyukt raashtra dvaara kaaryarat asainik karmachaariyon ke mukhya adhikaari (cheef parsaunel ofisr) ke pad par kaaryarat rahe. uske baad unhonne sanyukt raashtra chhod diya aur Ghana laut gaye.[6] 1974 se 1976 tak vah Ghana mein paryatan ke nideshak ke roop mein rahe.[7]

1976 mein ve sanyukt raashtra mein kaarya karne hetu jineva laut gaye.[8] 1980 mein ve sanyukt raashtra ke sharanaarthi uchchaayog ke up-nideshak niyukt hue.[9] 1984 mein vah sanyukt raashtra ke bajat vibhaag ke adhyaksh ke roop mein new yaurk vaapis aae. 1987 mein unhein sanyukt raashtra ke maanav sansaadhan vibhaag aur 1990 mein bajat evam yojana vibhaag ka sahaayak mahaasachiv niyukt kiya gaya.[10] March 1992 se fravari 1993 tak ve shaanti abhiyaanon ke sahaayak mahaasachiv rahe. March 1993 mein unhein sanyukt raashtra ka avar mahaasachiv niyukt kiya gaya aur ve December 1996 tak is pad par kaaryarat rahe.[3][11]

sanyukt raashtra mahaasachiv

annaan 1 January 1997 se 31 December 2006 tak sanyukt raashtra ke mahaasachiv rahe. 2001 mein unhein aur sanyukt raashtra ko Nobel shaanti puraskaar se sah-puraskrut kiya gaya.[12]

niyukti

13 December 1996 mein sanyukt raashtra suraksha parishad ne annaan ki sifaarish ki taaki vah poorv mahaasachiv dau॰ botrus botrus ghali ki jagah le sakein. dau॰ ghali ke doosare kaaryakaal ko America ke veto ka saamana karna pada tha.[13][14] chaar din baad mahaasabha ke chunaav se unhonne apna pehla kaaryakaal 1 January 1997 se praarambh kiya.[15]

kaarya

  • unhonne 1997 mein sanyukt raashtra ke vibhinn sangathanon mein saamanjasya badhaane ke liye sanyukt raashtra vikaas samooh ki sthaapana ki.[16]
  • unke kaaryakaal mein san 2000 mein sanyukt raashtra ne sahasraabdi vikaas lakshya apanaae, jiske tahat 2015 tak vishv mein gareebi ko aadha karne ka sankalp liya gaya.[17][18]
  • unhonne sanyukt raashtra mein prashaasanik evam vitteeya sudhaar kiye[19] jismein sachivaalaya ka bada prashaasanik punargathan bhi shaamil tha.[20]

vyaktigat jeevan

unka vivaah titi se hua tha aur unki beti aama ka janm November 1969 mein Nigeria ke laagos shahar mein hua.[4] July 1973 mein unke putr kojo ka janm hua.[21]

sandarbh

  1. James haiskins, jim haiskins; pa॰ 144
  2. a aa James haiskins, jim haiskins; pa॰ 146
  3. a aa i E liyaun gaurdeink, pa॰ 10
  4. a aa i stainli maaislar, pa॰ 31
  5. stainli maaislar, pa॰ 32-33
  6. stainli maaislar, pa॰ 33
  7. Rachel A. Koestler-Grack, pa॰ 27-28
  8. Rachel A. Koestler-Grack, pa॰ 28
  9. Rachel A. Koestler-Grack, pa॰ 29
  10. James traub (2007). The best intentions: Kofi Annan and the UN in the era of American world power. bloomsbari prakaashan. pa॰ 33. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780747587286. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=g1X6noYGK6cC. abhigman tithi: 1 January 2012.
  11. Chadwick F. Alger (2006) (angreji mein). The United Nations system: a reference handbook. ABC-CLIO. pa॰ 315. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9781851098057. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=5saYCyZnKrMC. abhigman tithi: 3 January 2012.
  12. Rachel A. Koestler-Grack, pa॰ 90
  13. sanyukt raashtra (13 December 1996). BIO/3051 – "Kofi Annan of Ghana recommended by Security Council for appointment as Secretary-General of United Nations". press release. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/1996/19961213.bio3051.html. abhigman tithi: 12 December 2006.
  14. James traub (2006). The Best Intentions. new yaurk: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. pp. 66–67. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0-374-18220-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=chP1YnYFTKYC.
  15. sanyukt raashtra (17 December 1996). GA/9208 -"General Assembly appoints Kofi Annan of Ghana as seventh Secretary-General". press release. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/1996/19961217.ga9208.html. abhigman tithi: 12 December 2006.
  16. yussi hanahimaiki, pa॰ 142
  17. yussi hanahimaiki, pa॰ 39
  18. yussi hanahimaiki, pa॰ 152
  19. John tereins O'neel, nikolas rees (2005). United Nations peacekeeping in the post-Cold War era [sheet yuddh ke baad ke samay mein sanyukt raashtra shaanti abhiyaan]. Taylor & Francis. pa॰ 199. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780714684895. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=agjfb622gOIC. abhigman tithi: 3 January 2012.
  20. liyaun gaurdeink, pa॰ 20
  21. stainli maaislar, pa॰ 32

teeka

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