kishoreedaas Vajpayee

aachaarya kishoreedaas Vajpayee

aachaarya kishoreedaas Vajpayee (1898-1981) hindi ke saahityakaar evam suprasiddh vyaakaranaachaarya the. hindi ki khadi boli ke vyaakaran ki nirmiti mein poorvavarti bhaashaaon ke vyaakaranaachaaryo dvaara nirdhaarit niyamon aur maanyataaon ka udaarataapoorvak upayog karke iske maanak svaroop ko vaigyaanik drushti se sampann karne ka gurutar daayitv pan॰ kishoreedaas Vajpayee ne nibhaaya. iseeliye unhein 'hindi ka paanini' kaha jaata hai. apni tejasvita va pratibha se unhonne saahityajagat ko aalokit kiya aur ek mahaan bhaasha ke roopaakaar ko nirdhaarit kiya.

aachaarya kishoreedaas baajapeyi ne hindi ko parishkrut roop pradaan karne mein atyant mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai hai. inse poorv khadi boli hindi ka prachalan to ho chuka tha par usaka koi vyavasthit vyaakaran naheen tha. at: aapne apne athak prayaas evam imaandaari se bhaasha ka parishkaar karte hue vyaakaran ka ek suvyavasthit roop nirdhaarit kar bhaasha ka parishkaar to kiya hi saath hi naye maanadand bhi sthaapit kiye. svaabhaavik hai bhaasha ko ek naya svaroop mila. at: hindi kshetr mein aapko "paanini' sanjnyaa se abhihit kiya jaane laga.

anukram

jeevan charit

hindi ke is mahaan praneta ka janm 15 December 1895 mein Kanpur ke bithoor ke paas mandhana kshetr ke raamanagar naamak gaaainv mein hua. aapne praathamik shiksha gaaainv mein aur fir sanskrut ki shiksha vrundaavan mein li, tatpashchaat banaaras se prathama ki pareeksha aur fir Punjab vishvavidyaalaya se vishaarad evam shaastri ki pareekshaaeain sasammaan utteern keen. iske baad solan mein (Himachal pradesh) apna adhyaapakeeya jeevan praarambh kiya. sanskrut ke aachaarya hote hue bhi, hindi mein bhaasha parishkaar ki aavashyakta dekhte hue, sanskrut ka kshetr chhod hindi ka kshetr sveekaar kiya. iske liye unhonne "hindi saahitya sammelan' (Allahabad) se hindi ki vishaarad evam uttama (saahitya ratn) ki pareekshaaeain Dean.

baajapeyi ji ne na keval sanskrut hindi ke vyaakaran kshetr ko vibhooshit kiya apitu aalochna kshetr ko bhi bahut sundar dhang se sanvaara. aapne saahitya sameeksha ke shaastreeya siddhaaton ka pratipaadan kar naye maanadand sthaapit kiye. saahityaachaarya shaaligram shaastri ji ki saahitya darpan mein chhapi "vimla teeka' par baajapeyi ji ne maadhuri mein ek sameekshaatmak lekh maala likh daali. is lekh ka sabhi ne svaagat kiya aur ve aalochna jagat mein chamak uthe. iske baad "maadhuri" mein prakaashit "bihaari satasai aur uske teekaakaar" lekh maala ke prakaashit hote hi ve hindi saahitya ke aalochakon ki shreni mein pratishthit hue.

baajapeyi ji na keval saahityik apitu saamaajik evam raajanaitik jeevan mein bhi aajeevan apni mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaate rahe. yogyata to thi hi, unki nirbheekata, spashtavaadita aur svaabhimaan unke jeevan ke abhinn ang rahe. apni nirbheekata ke kaaran ve "akkhad kabeer" aur svaabhimaan ke kaaran "abhimaan meru" kahaaye jaane lage. bade se bade pralobhan unke jeevan moolyon aur siddhaanton ko diga na sake. lok maryaadaaon ka poorn roopen paalan karte hue durabhisandhiyon par jam kar prahaar kiya. saath hi yeh bhi spasht kar diya ki, "main hooain, kabeer panthi" saahityakaar, kisi ki chaakari manjoor naheen, adhyaapaki kar loonga, naukri kar loonga par aatmasammaan ki keemat par naheen.

baajapeyi ji ne svaadheenata sangraam ko bhi achhoota naheen chhoda. ek param yoddha ban kar jan saadhaaran mein raashteeya chetna aur deshaprem ke praan foonke. aapka pehla lekh "vaishnav sarvasv" mein chhapa, jissein saahitya jagat ko inki lekhan kala ka parichay mila.

fir to inke lekhon ki jhadi hi lag gayi jo "maadhuri' aur "sudha' mein chhape. pan॰ sakal Narayan sharma ka ek lekh "maadhuri" mein chhapa tha jismein hindi vyaakaran sambandhi anek jijnyaaasaaeain bhi theen. is chunauti bhare lekh ke pratyuttar mein baajapeyi ji ne samaadhaan sahit ek mahatvapoorn lekh "maadhuri' mein chhapavaaya. is lekh par "sharma ji' sahit kisi ki bhi koi aapatti naheen hui, sarvatr svaagat hi hua. ab bhaasha parishkaar evam vyaakaran inka pramukh kshetr ho gaya.

baajapeyi ji ne patrakaarita ke kshetr mein bhi apna bejod sikka jama diya. "sachchaai' aur " khari baat' ye do unke mool mantra the. "maraal' mein jo sameekshaatmak maasik patrika thi, yeh kah kar ki, "tum bin kaun maraal kare jag, doodh ko doodh au paani ko paani apne uddeshya ka thappa laga diya. "maraal' ke atirikt baajapeyi ji "vaishnav sarvasv' evam "chaaaind' ke sampaadan se bhi jude rahe.

baajapeyi ji sachche deshbhakt the. jaliyaanvaala kaand se ve behad aahat ho uthe, unki raashteeya chetna machal uthi aur tab "amrut mein vish' naamak ek gadya kaavya likh daala. "tarangini' bhi raashtreeya bhaavon ki sajeev jhaanki hai jo bahut hi prashansit hui.

apne adbhut karmath vyaktitv evam sudrudh vichaaron se bharpoor krutitv ke kaaran unhonne bhaasha-vigyaan, vyaakaran, saahitya, samaalochana evam patrakaarita mein jis kshetr ko bhi chhuaa adbhut kraanti la di. bhaasha ko ek thos aadhaar bhoomi pradaan ki. aise sashakt 'hindi ke paanini' ne 11 August 1981 ko kanakhal (haridvaar) mein apni jeevan ki ihaleela samaapt kar di, kisi agale vishesh kaarya ke liye.

krutiyaaain

bhaashaavijnyaaan, bhaasha parishkaar evam vyaakaran ki drushti se aapki achhi hindi, achhi hindi ka namoona, hindi shabdaanushaasan, lekhan kala, brajabhaasha ka vyaakaran, raashtabhaasha ka pratham vyaakaran, hindi shabd meemaansa, hindi ki vartani tatha shabd vishleshan, bhaarateeya bhaasha vigyaan aadi pramukh pustakein hain.

inke atirikt "sahitya jeevan ke anubhav aur sanskaran", "sanskruti ke paaainch adhyaaya', "maanav dharm meemaansa' subhaash chandr Bose, "dvaapar ki raajya kraanti' "kaaaingres ka sankshipt itihaas' aadi pustakein itihaas, sanskruti evam saahitya ka roop ujaagar karti hain.

kaavya mein rahasyavaad, "ras aur alankaar', "kaavya aur kaavya shaastr', kaavya shaastreeya sampatti hai.

  • hindi shabdaanushaasan,
  • hindi shabd meemaansa,
  • hindi nighantu,
  • achhi hindi ka namoona,
  • hindi vartani aur shabd vishleshan
  • achhi hindi
  • bhaarateeya bhaasha vigyaan
  • hindi ki vartani aur shabd prayog meemaansa
  • hindi nirukt
  • hindi shabd meemaansa
  • sanskruti ka paaainchavaaain adhyaaya

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain