kirgijstaan

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Kyrgyz Respublikasy
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Kyrgyzskaya Respublika

kirgij ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: kirgij ganaraajya ka raashtragaan
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
biskek
42°a52′aN 74°a36′aE / 42.867°aN 74.6°aE / 42.867; 74.6
raajabhaasha(eain) kirgij (bolachaal)
roosi (aadhikaarik)
maanavajaateeya varg 68.9% Kyrgyz
14.4% Uzbek
9.1% Russian
7.6% others
nivaasi kirgij
kirgijstaani
sarkaar adhyaksheeya ganaraajya
- raashtrapati almazbek atambaev
- pradhaanamantri igor chaudeenov
svatantrata soviyt sangh se
- kirgij SSR 5 December 1936
- ghoshana 31 August 1991
- poorn 25 December 1991
kshetrafal
- kul 199,900 varg kilometer (86 vaan)
77,181 varg meal
- jal (%) 3.6
janasankhya
- July 2008 janaganana 5,356,869 (110 vaan)
- 1999 janaganana 4,896,100
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $11.580 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $2,180 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.628[1]
madhyam · 125vaaain
mudra som (KGS)
samay mandal KGT (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+6)
doorabhaash koot 996
Internet teeeladi .kg kirgij

kirgijstaan, aadhikaarik taur par kirgij ganatantr, madhya Asia mein sthit ek desh hai. chaaron taraf jameen aur pahaadiyon se ghire is desh ki seema uttar mein kajaakhistaan, pashchim mein ujbekistaan, dakshin pashchim mein taajikistaan aur poorv mein cheen se milti hai. "kirgij", jisse desh ka naam pada hai, shabd ki utpati moolat: "chaalees ladkiyaan" ya fir "chaalees janajaatiyaan" maani jaati hai. jo sanbhavat: mahaanaayak maanas ki or ingit karti hain, jinhonne kinvadanti ke anusaar, khitaan ke khilaaf chaalees janajaatiyon ko ekajut kiya tha. kirgijstaan ke jhande mein soorya ki chaalees kirnein maanas ke inheen chaalees janajaatiyon ka prateek hain.

taareekh

aathaveen sadi mein jab arab afvaaj ne vust Asia ftah kya to yahaan mukeem aabaadi muslamaan hone lagi. baar veen sadi mein changej Khan ne is ilaake ka kbja kar liya aur yoon chhah sadeeyon tak ye cheen ka hissa raha. athaaraveen sadi ke aakhir mein do muaahidon ke tahat ye ilaaka roosi saltanat ka mafuaijh sooba karagujeeh ban gaya. is door mein kai sarakash karageej cheen ya afgaanistaan muntakil ho gaye. sanai 1919 se yahaan soveet door shuroo hua jo 31 August 1991 mein jamahooreeya karageejsataan ki aajaadi ke saath apne ikhatataam par pahuncha.

bhoogol kirgij ganaraajya ka kul kshetrafal 198500 varg kilometer hai jismein se 65 pratishat [tayaani shaan]] aur [paameer]] ke parvateeya kshetr hain. 1606 meter ki oonchaai par asamyak kaul ki khaari jheel sthit hai jo duniya mein is prakaar ki doosari sab se badi jheel hai. gurageeji bhaasha mein is ke maani "garm jheel" hain kyonki itne barfaani ilaake mein aur is oonchaai par hone ke baavajood yeh saal bhar jamati naheen hai. is namakeen jheel ke itar, yeh kshetr, anya madhya Asiaee raashtron ke prakaar hi poorn roop se shushk jalavaayu wala hai. is ki seema kisi samundr se naheen milteen.

yahaaain svarn aur anya bahumoolya khanij seemit maatra mein prastut hain. pahaadon se ghire hue is desh mein maatr 8 pratishat kshetr hi krushi yogya hai, jo ki nadiyon ki ghaatiyon mein hai.. in ghaatiyon mein se kirgijiya ki do badi nadiyaaain , [kaarao- nadi-] (kaali nadi) aur [naareen] gujrate hain. in ke sangam se [ siyaao nadi] niklati hai.

muaasharati aur sayaasi takaaseem

karageejsataan ki aabaadi gujshata dahaaion mein pachchaas lakh tak pahunch chuki hai taaham beeshutr karageejsatta ni abhi bhi kisaan ya khaana badoosh hain. aunitair feesad karageejsatta ni tark najaad karageej (karkeej) kaum se taalluk rakhate hain jab ki bakeeya pachchees feesad naslaa ajbak aur roosi hain. in ke alaava tautaar, ogur, kajjaak, taajak aur eeo-karaani kaumeen bhi yahaan aabaad hain. agarache yahaan kai jbaanein boli jaati hain, sarkaari jbaanein sirf karageeji aur roosi hain.

isaii feesad karageejsatta ni muslamaan hain -- in mein se aksareeyat hanafi fika se munasalik hai jo yahaan satrahaveen sadi mein raaij hua. shaharon se baahar baahar islaami ravaayaat mukaami tark kbaayali ravaayaat aur akaaaid se mili hui hain. bakeeya karageejsatta ni zyaada tar roosi ya eeo-karaani takleedi kunaa s ke isaai hain. soveet door mein yahaan sarkaari laamajhabeet (dahar yuti) aaid thi aur karageejsataan ka aain ab bhi hukoomat mein deen ki madaakhalat ko mamanooa kraar deta hai. taaham aajaadi ke baad islaam muaasharati aur sayaasi satahon par batadareej ehameeyat haasil kar raha hai. is ke baavajood yakka kuchh sayaasi aur muaasharati giroh ab bhi soveet door ki dahar yuti ke haami hain.

karageejsataan saat sao-boon mein maksom hai jo obilaasat (оaaбaaлaaаaaсaaт) kahilaate hain (jama: obalaisataar / оaaбaaлaaаaaсaaтaaтaaаaaр). daar elahukoomat bushakek aur vaadi faragaana mein vaakia shahar avash intijaami taur par khud mukhtaar ilaake hain jo "shaar" kahilaate hain. savabaaon ke naam hain: baatakayan, chau ai, jalaal aabaad, naareen, avash, taaalaas aur aiseek kaul.

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.