kirgij log

kaaraakol mein ek manaasachi kathaakaar paaramparik kirgij veshabhoosha mein
ek kirgij parivaar

kirgij madhya Asia mein basane waali ek Turkey-bhaashi jaati ka naam hai. kirgij log mukhya roop se kirgijstaan mein rahate hain haalaanki kuchh kirgij samudaaya iske padausi deshon mein bhi milte hain, jaise ki ujbekistaan, cheen, taajikistaan, afgaanistaan aur roos.

anukram

naam ki utpatti aur kirgij jaati ki jade

Turkey bhaashaaoain mein 'kirgij' ka matlab 'chaalees' hota hai. maana hai ki kirgijiyon ke chaalees kbeele the, jis se unka yeh naam pada hai.[1] maana jaata hai ki praacheenakaal mein kirgij logon ke poorvaj toova aur saaiberiya ki yenisei nadi ke kinaare rahate the. paas mein mangoliya aur manchooriya mein basane vaale khitaani logon ne inapar bade hamle kiye lekin kirgijiyon ke chaalees kbeele date rahe. vakt ke saath ve failakar madhya Asia ke anya kshetron mein pahunche. maana jaata hai ki aadhunik kirgij log un praacheen yenisei kirgij aur madhya Asia mein rahane vaale shak, hoon aur anya jaatiyon ka mishran hain. 7veen se lekar 12veen shataabdi ke muslim aur cheeni sootron ke anusaar kirgijiyon ki aaainkhein aksar neeli aur hari hua karti thi aur unke baal aksar laal hua karte the, lekin vartamaan mein aisa naheen hai, yaani ki aadhunik kirgij us praacheen jaati aur anya jaatiyon ka mishran hain.

manaas ki gaatha

mukhya lekh: manaas ki daastaan

kirgij logon ki kathaaon mein manaas naam ke ek naayak ki aham bhoomika hai jisne kirgij saamraajya ko badhaane ka kaam kiya aur kirgijiyon ko apne shatruon se surakshit rakha. khaas maukon par 'manaasachi' naam ke kathaakaar manaas ki gaatha gaakar sunaaya karte hain.[2]

aanuvanshiki (jainaitik) jadein

kirgijstaan ke jumagal jile ke purushon ka jab adhyayan kiya gaya to dekha gaya ki unamein se 63% ka pitruvansh samooh aara1e (R1a) tha. Asia mein yeh hind-yooropi bhaashaaeain bolne vaalon mein paaya jaata hai aur bahut se uttar bhaarateeyon aur roosiyon ka bhi yahi pitruvansh hai. bahut se taajiki aadamiyon mein pitruvansh samooh ऍn ki ऍna3 (N3) shaakha bhi mili hai, jo inke saaiberiya se hone ka sanket hai.

itihaas

yenisei kshetr se failakar kirgij aadhunik cheen ke shinjiyaang praant ke uigur ilaake ke bhi maalik ban gaye. is vishaal kshetr par unka raaj 200 saal tak raha lekin fir mangol logon ke dabaav se sikudkar keval altaai aur saayan parvaton tak hi seemit rah gaya. jab 13veen sadi mein changej Khan ka mangol saamraajya utha to uske bete ne san 1207 mein kirgijstaan par aasaani se kbja kar liya. fir kirgij log 14veen sadi tak mangol saamraajya ka hissa rahe. 18veen sadi ke baad yahaaain roosi prabhaav badha aur soviyt sangh ke banaane ke baad kirgijstaan usaka hissa ban gaya. 20veen sadi ke ant mein soviyt sangh bikhr gaya aur kirgijstaan ek svatantr raashtra bana.

dharm

kirgij log adhiktar sunni islaam ke anuyaayi hote hain. islaam is kshetr mein resham maarg se aate-jaate arab vyaapaariyon dvaara pahuncha. fir bhi bahut si islaam se pehle ki dhaarmik avadhaaranaaeain kirgij samaaj mein chali aa rahi hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. The Bradt Travel Guide: Kyrgyzstan, Laurence Mitchell, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008, ISBN 978-1-84162-221-7, ... The name Kyrgyz comes from two Turkic words that cither mean 'forty tribes' (kyrk - forty; uz - tribes) or, alternatively, 'forty girls' (kyrk - forty; kyz - girls). Both of these meanings correspond to the Manas epic ...
  2. The Kyrgyz - Children of Manas, Petr Kokaisl, Pavla Kokaislova, Nostalgie Praha, 2009, ISBN 978-80-254-6365-9, ... Next, there is possible to mention the Manas - mythic integrator of the Kyrgyz, which was used as a symbol of Kyrgyz nation unity after the USSR disintegration ...