kiraat

kiraat roop mein arjun shivji se dhanurvidya seekhate hue - raaja ravi varma (1848-1906) dvaara banaaya chitr

kiraat, praacheen sanskrut granthon mein himaalaya ke kuchh kshetron aur poorvottar Bhaarat mein basane waali kuchh jaatiyon ka naam tha. yajurved (shukl 30.16; krush 3.4, 12, 1) mein aur atharvaved (10.4,14) mein inka sabse praacheen ullekh milta hai. sambhav hai ki yeh mangol ya mangol-prabhaavit jan-samudaayon ke liye praacheen shabd raha ho.[1][2]

anukram

naam ka srot

yeh theek se gyaat naheen hai ki "kiraat" naam kaha se utpann hua. sambhav hai ki yeh do anshon ko jodkar bana ho - kir (yaani 'Singh') aur ti (yaani 'log'), arthaat 'Singh ki pravrutti vaale log'.[3] yeh bhi sambhav hai ki yeh poorvi Nepal ki "kiraanti" naamak tibbati jaati ke naam ka ek aur roop ho.

varnan

praacheen granthon mein inhein "sunahare" ya "peele" rang ka bulaaya gaya hai. inka zikr aksar nishaad aur pulind jaatiyon ke saath kiya jaata tha, lekin nishaadon ka rang saanvala ya kaala bataaya gaya hai. "yog vashishth" granth mein shri raamachandr jungle mein kiraaton dvaara failaae gaye jaal ke baare mein baat kehte hain, jis se yeh sanket milta hai ki praacheen yug mein shaayad kiraaton ko ek shikaar karne vaale samudaaya ke roop mein dekha jaata ho.

aitihaasik sootron se kuchh saboot milte hain ki kiraat Shiv ke upaasak the.[4] mahaabhaarat mein varnan hai ki shivji ki kiraaton ke kul-devata hone ki sthit ko dekhte hue arjun ne kuchh samay ke liye kiraat veshabhoosha aur naam apna liye the taaki vah shivji se teerandaaji aur eni yuddh-kalaaeain seekh sake.[5]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Radhakumud Mukharji (2009), Hindu Shabhyata, Rajkamal Prakashan Pvt Ltd, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788126705030, http://books.google.com/books?id=vhUZrj975BAC, "... kiraat (mangol) : Dravid bhaashaaon se bhinn yeh bhaashaaon mein kiraat ya ..."
  2. Shiva Prasad Dabral, Uttarāakhaṇaḍ kā itihāas, Volume 2, Vīar-Gāathā-Prakāashan, http://books.google.com/books?id=o0lXAAAAMAAJ, "... praacheen saahitya mein kiraat-sanskruti, kiraat-bhoomi ..."
  3. Tanka Bahadur Subba, Politics of culture: a study of three Kirata communities in the eastern Himalayas, Orient Blackswan, 1999, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788125016939, http://books.google.com/books?id=8wPq9ay0CF8C, "... a Kirata scholar, Narad Muni Thulung ... To him, it is derived from two words: Kira meaning 'lion', and ti meaning 'people', or 'people with lion's nature' ... "
  4. Dinesh Prasad Saklani, Ancient communities of the Himalaya, Indus Publishing, 1998, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788173870903, http://books.google.com/books?id=tK5y4iPArKQC, "... Shiva, generally considered a non-Aryan deity, secured a prominent place among the Kiratas. It can be roughly asserted that Shiva- worship might have begun among the Kiratas in the mountainous regions of the Himalayas in pre-Vedic times, before the advent of the Aryans ..."
  5. Asiatic Society of Bengal, Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Asiatic Society, 1875, http://books.google.com/books?id=zhLgAAAAMAAJ, "... The great hero of the Mahabharata, Arjuna, adopted the name, nationality, and guise of a Kirata for a certain period, to learn archery, and the use - of other arms from S'iva, who was considered as the deity of the Kiratas ..."