khond

udeesa ke janajaateeya kutiya khond samooh ki ek mahila

khond, ya kondh (udiya: କaaନaa୍aaଧ) Bhaarat ke udeesa raajya ki pahaadiyon aur jangalon ke nivaasi hain. ye kond, kaaaindh ya kondh bhi kahalaate hain. inki sankhya anumaanat: 8 lakh se adhik hai, jinmein se lagbhag 5 lakh 50 hajaar Dravid parivaar ki kui aur usaki dakshini boli kuvi bolte hain. adhikaansh khond ab chaaval ki kheti karte hain, lekin ab bhi kutiya khond jaise aise kuchh samooh hain, jo jhoom kheti par nirbhar hain.[1]

khond kai shataabdiyon se pashchim, uttar aur poorv ki or ke udiyaabhaashi aur dakshin ki or ke telagubhaashi samoohon ke sampark me hai. kuchh had tak unhone apne padosiyon ki bhaashaaeain aur prathaaeain apna li hain. baood maidaanon mein aise khond hain, jo keval udiyaabhaashi hain, aage pahaadiyon mein khond dvibhaashi hain, doorasth vanon mein keval kui boli jaati hai. jaati, asprushyata aur hindu devi-devataaon ke baare mein gyaan sambandhi hindu prathaaon ke paalan mein ek samaan kramik parivartan dikhaai deta hai. beesaveen shataabdi ke uttaraarddh mein parasanskrutigrahan ki prakriya teji se badhi hai.[2]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Bhaarat jnyaaanakosh, khand-2, paapayular prakaashan, Mumbai, prushth sankhya-26, I S bi N 81-7154-993-4
  2. G.S. Ghurye, Caste And Race In India, Popular Prakashan, 2004 reprint, pages 31-33.

baahari kadiyaaain