khoisaan

ek 33 varsheeya saan purush
ek saan stri

khoisaan ya khoisaan dakshin afreeka mein rahane waali do alag jaatiyon ka saamoohik naam hai jo khoisaan bhaashaaeain bolti hain aur apne ird-gird rahane vaale bahusankhyak baantoo bhaasha bolne waali jaatiyon se bhinn hain. yeh do jaatiyaaain hain: shikaari-framar jeevani basar karne waali saan jaati (jinhein bushamain bhi kaha jaata hai) aur maveshi-paalan karne waali khoi jaati. yeh donon samudaaya kaalaahaari registaan ke kshetr mein rahate hain.

anukram

shaareerik rang-roop

khoisaan log apne ird-gird ke baantoo logon se alag nazar aate hain. inka rang bhoora hota hai, jabki baantoo log Krishna-varneeya hote hain. inka kad bhi chhota hota hai: aamtaur par 149 semi (4 fut 9 inch) se 163 semi (5 fut 4 inch) tak. inki aaainkhon ka akaar bhi baantoo logon se thoda bhinn hota hai.

anuvaanshiki

khoisaan logon ke daramyaan aanuvanshiki (yaani jainaitiks) anusandhaan karne se pata chala hai ki yeh pitruvansh aur maatruvansh ke najriye se saare maanavon ke niktatam saanjha poorvaj se utpann hui pehli shaakhaaon ke sadasya hain. inmein atipraacheen pitruvansh samooh A, pitruvansh samooh bi aur maatruvansh samooh ऍla0 milte hain.[1][2][3]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Knight A, Underhill PA, Mortensen HM, Zhivotovsky LA, Lin AA, Henn BM, Louis D, et al., (2003). African Y chromosome and mtDNA divergence provides insight into the history of click languages. Current Biology 13: 464-73. http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822%2803%2900130-1
  2. Hammer MF, Karafet TM, Redd AJ, Jarjanazi H, Santachiara-Benerecetti S, Soodyall H and Zegura SL (2001). Hierarchical patterns of global human Y-chromosome diversity. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18: 1189-203. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/7/1189.abstract
  3. Naidoo T, Schlebusch CM, Makkan H, Patel P, Mahabeer R, Erasmus JC and Soodyall H (2010). Development of a single base extension method to resolve Y chromosome haplogroups in sub-Saharan African populations. Investigative Genetics 1: 6. http://www.investigativegenetics.com/content/1/1/6.