khjr log

san 650 aur 850 ke beech khjr khaagaanat

khjr (roosi:Хaaаaaзaaаaaрaaы, khaajaari; angreji: Khazar) madhyakaaleen yooreshiya ki ek Turkey jaati thi jinka vishaal saamraajya aadhunik roos ke Europeeya hisse, pashchimi kajaakhstaan, poorvi Ukraine, ajrabejaan, uttari kaukas (charakassiya, daagistaan), jorjiya, kraaimiya aur uttarapoorvi Turkey par vistrut tha. inki rajdhani volga nadi ke kinaare basa aateel shahar tha. khjr logon ki khaagaanat san 448 se 1048 tak chali. ismein kai dharmon ke log aur, Turkey jaatiyon ke alaava, yooraali, slaavi aur anya jaatiyaaain bhi rahati theen. khjr khaagaanat resham maarg par ek mahatvapoorn padaav tha aur dakshin-pashchimi Asia ko uttari Europe se jodne waali ek mukhya kadi thi.[1]

madhyakaal mein khjr shaasan ne yahoodi dharm ko apna liya tha, yadyapi stepi ke anya Turkey jaatiyon ne sunni islaam apnaaya tha.

naam

bahut se vidvaanon ka maanana hai ki 'khjr' shabd Turkey bhaashaaoain ke 'gejer' ya 'khejer' shabd se aaya hai aur iska matlab 'khaanaabadosh' ya 'ghummakad' hota hai. 'khjr' shabd mein 'kh' akshar ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein kyonki yeh bina bindu vaale 'kh' se jra bhinn hai. iska uchchaaran 'khraab' aur 'khreed' ke 'kh' se milta hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. A history of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia, David Christian, Wiley-Blackwell, 1998, ISBN 978-0-631-20814-3, ... Recent evidence suggests that the dominant language was an Oghur dialect. Anthropologically and linguistically the Khazars were similar to the other Turkic peoples of the Pontic steppes ...