khilji vansh

khilji vansh (faarasi: سaaلaaطaaنaaت خaaلaaجaaی) ya khlaji vansh madhyakaaleen Bhaarat ka ek raajavansh tha. isne Delhi ki satta par 1290-1320 isvi tak raaj kiya. Delhi ki muslim saltanat mein doosra shaasak parivaar tha, haalaanki khilji kbeela lambe samay se afgaanistaan mein basa hua tha, lekin apne poorvavarti gulaam vansh ki tarah yeh raajavansh bhi moolat: turkistaan ka tha. iske teen shaasak apni nishthaaheenata, nirdayata aur dakshin bhaarateeya hindu raajyon par adhikaar ke liye jaane jaate the. khlaji vansh ke pehle sultaan jalaaluddeen firoj khlaji, gulaam vansh ke antim kamzor baadshah kyoomarsh ke patan ke baad ek kuleen gut ke sahayog se gaddi par baithe. jalaaludden umr mein kaafi bade the aur afgaani kbeele ka maane jaane ke kaaran ek samay vah itne alokapriya the ki rajdhani mein ghusne tak ka saahas naheen kar sakte the. unke bhateeje joona khaan ne dakkan ke hindu raajya par chadhaai karke elichpur aur uske khjaane par kbja kar liya aur fir 1296 mein vaapas lautakar unhonne apne chaacha ki hatya kar di. joona khaan ne alaauddeen khlaji ki upaadhi dhaaran kar 20 varsh tak shaasan kiya. unhonne ranathanbhaur (1301), chittaud (1303) aur maandoo (1305) par kbja kiya aur devagiri ke samruddh hindu raajya ko apne raajya mein mila liya. unhonne mangolon ke aakraman ka bhi munhatod javaab diya. alaauddeen ke senaapati malik kaafoor ko 1308 mein dakshin par kbja kar liya, Krishna nadi ke dakshin mein hoyasal vansh ko ukhaad feinka aur sudoor dakshin mein madurai par adhikaar kar liya. jab 1311 mein malik kaafoor Delhi laute, to vah loot ke maal se lade the. iske baad alaauddeen aur vansh ka sitaara doob gaya. 1316 ke aarambh mein sultaan ki mrutyu ho gayi. malik kaafoor dvaara satta par kaabij hone ki koshish unki mrutyu ke saath hi samaapt hui. antim khlaji shaasak kutubuddeen mubaarak shaah ki unke pradhaanamantri khusaro khaan ne 1320 mein hatya kar di. baad mein tuglak vansh ke pratham shaasak gyaasuddeen tuglak ne khusaro khaan se gaddi chhen li.

khilji

khilji kaun the? is vishay mein paryaapt vivaad hai. itihaasakaar 'nijaamuddeen Ahmad' ne khilji ko changej khaaain ka daamaad aur kuleen khaaain ka vanshaj, 'barani' ne use turkon se alag evam 'fkharuddeen' ne khiljiyon ko turkon ki 64 jaatiyon mein se ek bataaya hai. fkharuddeen ke mat ka adhikaansh vidvaanon ne samarthan kiya hai. choonki Bhaarat aane se poorv hi yeh jaati afgaanistaan ke helamand nadi ke tateeya kshetron ke un bhaagon mein rahati thi, jise khilji ke naam se jaana jaata tha. sambhavat: iseeliye is jaati ko khilji kaha gaya. maamalook athva gulaam vansh ke antim sultaan shamasuddeen kyoomars ki hatya ke baad hi jalaaluddeen firoj khilji sinhaasan par baitha tha, isliye itihaas mein khilji vansh ki sthaapana ko khilji kraanti ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. khilji kraanti keval isliye mahattvapoorn naheen hai ki, usane gulaam vansh ko samaapt kar naveen khilji vansh ki sthaapana ki, balki isliye bhi mahattvapoorn hai ki, khilji kraanti ke parinaamasvaroop Delhi saltanat ka sadoor dakshin tak vistaar hua. jaativaad mein kami I aur saath hi yeh dhaarana bhi khatm hui ki, shaasan keval vishishti varg ka vyakti hi kar sakta hai.

khilji yug

khilji mukhyat: sarvahaara varg ke the. khilji yug saamraajyavaad aur muslim shakti ke vistaar ka yug tha. is kraanti ke baad Turkey ameer saradaaron ke prabhaav kshetr mein kami I. is kraanti ne prashaasan mein dharm va ulema ke mahattv ko bhi asveekaar kar diya. is prakaar khilji shaasakon ki satta mukhya roop se shakti par nirbhar thi. khiljiyon ne yeh siddh kar diya ki, raajya bina dharm ki sahaayata se na keval jeevit rakha ja sakta hai, balki safalataapoorvak chalaaya bhi ja sakta hai. jalaaluddeen khilji dvaara raajagaddi sanbhaalana maamalook raajavansh ke ant aur turk gulaam abhijaat varg ke varchasv ka dyotak hai.

khilji vansh ko saamaanyat: turkon ka ek kabeela maana jaata hai, jo uttari Bhaarat par musalmaanon ki vijay ke baad yahaaain aakar bas gaya. jalaaluddeen khilji ne khilji vansh ki sthaapana ki thi. jalaaluddeen khilji ne gulaam vansh ke antim sultaan ki hatya karke khiljiyon ko Delhi ka sultaan banaaya. khilji vansh ne 1290 se 1320 E. tak raajya kiya. Delhi ke khilji sultaanon mein alaauddeen khilji (1296-1316 E.) sabse prasiddh aur yogya shaasak tha.

shaasakon ke naam

iske kul teen shaasak hue the -

  1. jalaaluddeen khilji
  2. allaahuddeen ya alaauddeen khilji
  3. shihaabuddeen umar khilji
  4. kutubuddeen mubaarak khilji
  5. gyaasuddeen khilji

alaauddeen khilji ne apne saamraajya ko dakshin ki disha mein badhaaya. usaka saamraajya kaaveri nadi ke dakshin tak fail gaya tha. uske shaasanakaal mein mangol aakraman bhi hue the par usane mangolon ki apekshaakrut kamjor sena ka datakar saamana kiya. iske baad tugalak vansh ka shaasan aaya.



Delhi saltanat ke shaasak vansh
gulaam vansh | khilji vansh | tuglak vansh | Sayyed vansh | lodhi vansh | soori vansh

Shubham diwaker