khanij

vibhinn prakaar ke khanij

khanij aise bhautik padaarth hain jo Khan se khod kar nikaale jaate hain. kuchh upayogi khanij padaarthon ke naam hain - loha, abhrak, koyala, bauksaait (jisse aluminiym banta hai), namak (Pakistan va Bhaarat ke anek kshetron mein Khan se namak nikaala jaata hai!), jasta, choona patthar ityaadi.

anukram

naamakaran

moolat: khanij shabd ka arth hai- khani + j. arthaat Khan se utpann (sanskrut: khani= Khan). iska angreji shabd mineral (mineral) bhi maain(mine) se sambandh rakhata hai.

khanijon ka vargeekaran

  • siliket varg
  • kaarbonet varg
  • salfet varg
  • hailaaid varg
  • oksaaid varg
  • salfaaid varg
  • faasfet varg
  • tatv varg
  • kaarbanik varg

khanij paribhaasha

khanij hone ke liye us padaarth ko kathor va kristaleeya hona aavashyak hai. kuchh paribhaashaaon ke anusaar khanij vah padaarth hai jo kristaleeya ho aur bhaugolik paristhitiyon ke parinaamasvaroop bana ho.

khanij samooh aur thos mishran

khanijon ke bhautik gun

vese to khanijon ka vargeekaran bahut kathin hai fir bhi inko kuchh visheshataaon ke aadhaar par vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai-

  • prakaasheeya vidhi
  • raasaayanik ya ex-re vivrtan

bhautik gun aamtaur par istemaal kiye jaate hai

  • kristal sanrachana jaanane ke liye,
  • kathorata jaanane ke liye.

mohas kathorata paimaane

  • 1 -- taalak Mg3Si4O10 (OH) 2
  • 2 -- jipsam CaSO4 · 2H2O
  • 3 -- kelsaait CaCO3
  • 4 -- fluorite CaF2
  • 5 -- Ca5 (PO4) 3 (oh, si.L. ef) epetaait
  • 6 -- KAlSi3O8 orthoclase
  • 7 -- kvaartj SiO2
  • 8 -- pukharaaj (oh, ef) Al2SiO4 2 /
  • 9 -- korandam Al2O3
  • 10 -- daayamand si (shuddh kaarban)

khanij aur chattaan mein antar

khanijj aur chattaanon mein bahut antar hai. chattaanein khanijon se bani hoti hain, khanij praakrutik roop se paaye jaate hain.

khanijon ka banana

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain