khani bhaumiki

khani bhaumiki (Mining Geology) bhoovijnyaaan ka vah ang hai jo khanan ke un sabhi pahaluon ka vishesh adhyayan karta hai jinse ek ayask, ya khanij nikshep, poorn viksit Khan mein parivrtit ho jaae.

parichay

aaj, chaahe vah koi sarkaari bhootaatvik sanstha ho athva niji khanan vyaapaar, har jagah khanan bhoovaijnyaaanik ki aavashyakta anubhav ki jaati hai. is prakaar khanan bhoovijnyaaan ki den khanan kshetr mein sarvamaanya hai. kisi bhi kshetr mein sambhaavnaaon ka gyaan praapt karne tatha baad mein vaastavik khanan praarambh karne ke poorv khanan bhoovaijnyaaanik ko in kshetron ka nireekshan karne ke liye bheja jaata hai. sarvapratham vah aise kshetron ki chunata hai jinka aarthik drushti se vikaas hone ki sambhaavana ho. iske pashchaat‌ vah in nikshepon ka bhoovaijnyaaanik tatha aarthik drushti se adhyayan karta hai aur is tathya par vishesh dhyaan deta hai ki nikshep vaanijya star par upayogi hoga ya naheen. yahaaain par khanan bhoovijnyaaan mein aarthik bhoovijnyaaan ka samaavesh hota hai. is sthiti mein anek chhote mote nikshepon ko tyaag diya jaata hai tatha vishaal evam uttam nikshepon ka adhyayan saavadhaani tatha vistaar se kiya jaata hai.

aarthik drushti se unnat ho sakane yogya nikshepon ko viksit karne ke liye bhoovaijnyaaanik ki bhoomika bahut mahatvapoorn hoti hai. in kshetron ke maanachitr bade paimaan par jaise 1=100 foot athva 1=500 foot par, banaae jaate hain. khanan praarambh karne ke liye upayukt kshetr chunakar vedhan kaarya ke liye yojanaaeain bana li jaati hain. vedhan se nikshepon ke vistaar tatha unki motaai ka bhi anumaan ho jaata hai. vibhinn mukhya aaainkadon ka sankalan bhi isse sampann hota hai, jaise nikshep ke bhinn bhinn bhaagon mein ayask ka sankredran, usaka ausat moolyaankan tatha sanbhaavya bhandaar. kai baar khanan vaigyaanik ko bhoo-bhautik-vidhiyon ka bhi sahaara lena padta hai. is prakaar chunbakeeya, vaidyutik, bhvaakrushti, bhookampeeya tatha radio sakriya saadhan bade sahaayak siddh hue hain. bhootaatvik sanrachanaaon ka bhi vistrut adhyayan kiya jaata hai, kyonki isse khanijon ke sanrachanaatmak pratibandheekaran ke sambandh mein anek mahatvapoorn tathya saamane aate hai. khanan bhoovijnyaaan ko samruddh karne mein bhoorasaayan ka bhi pramukh sahayog raha hai. iski sahaayata se bhoovaijnyaaanik ko shilaaon ki raasaayanik tatha khanij rachana, shilaaparivrtan, sookshmopalabdh tatv (Trace elements) tatha khanijon ke nirmaan ki aadhaarik vidhiyon aadi ka gyaan hota hai. bhoovaijnyaaanik ko sookshmadarshak yantr, bhaari khanij vishleshan, shilaataantrik adhyayan tatha shilaavijnyaaan se bhi badi sahaayata milti hai.

in saare adhyayanon ke saath saath khanan-bhoovaijnyaaanik upayogi maanachitr kaatachitr tatha block chitr taiyaar karta hai. saare tathyon ke aadhaar par vistrut prativedan prastut hota hai; jisse khanan ki kaaryapaddhati tatha bhavishya ke liye kaaryakramon ki rooparekha ka bhi sanket rahata hai. khanan kaarya praarambh ho jaane ke pashchaat‌ bhoovaijnyaaanik anvarat roop se naveen sambhaavnaaon ka adhyayan karta rahata hai, jismein Khan ke utpaadan mein kami na ho paae aur naveen srot saamane aate rahein. vaastav mein khanan ke samay hi bhoovaijnyaaanik ke anumaan ka moolyaankan hota hai tatha jaise jaise khanan kaarya unnat hota jaata hai, naveen rahasya khulate jaate hain, jisse aage ke kaam mein nirantar sahaayata milti hai.

inhein bhi dekhein