khaalasa

sikh dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

Om
sikh sataguru evam bhakt
sataguru naanak Dave · sataguru angad Dave
sataguru amar das · sataguru Ram das ·
sataguru arjan Dave ·sataguru hari gobind ·
sataguru hari rai · sataguru hari Krishna
sataguru teg bahaadur · sataguru gobind Singh
bhakt kabeer ji · shekh fareed
bhakt naamadev
dharm granth
aadi granth saahib · dasam granth
sambandhit vishay
guramat ·vikaar ·guroo
guradvaara · chandi ·amrut
nitnem · shabdakosh
langar · khande baate ki paahul


khaalasa sikh dharm ke vidhivt deeksha praapt anuyaayiyon saamoohik roop hai. khaalasa panth ki sthaapana guru gobind Singh ji ne 1699 ko baisaakhi vaale din aanandapur saahib mein ki | is din unhonne sarvapratham paaainch pyaaron ko amrutapaan karva kar khaalasa banaaya tatha tatpashchaat un paaainch pyaaron ke haathon se swayam bhi amrutapaan kiya.

sataguru gobind Singh ne khaalasa mahima mein khaalasa ko "kaal purakh ki fauj" pad se nivaaja hai | talavaar aur kesh to pehle hi sikhon ke paas the, guru gobind Singh ne "khande baate ki paahul" tayaar kar kachha, kada aur kangha bhi diya | isi din khaalase ke naam ke peechhe "Singh" lag gaya | shaareerik dekh mein khaalase ki bhinta najar aane lagi | par khaalase ne aatm gyaan naheen chhoda, us ka prachaar chalta raha aur aavashyakta padne par talavaar bhi chalti rahi |

poorv itihaas

sikh dharm ke oopar anya dharmon aur sarkaari numaaindo ke vaar lagaataar badh gaye the | sarkaar ko galat khabarein de kar islaam dharm aur hindu dharm ke kattar anuyaayiyon ne guru arjun Dave ji ko maut ki saja dilva di | jab guru arjun Dave, ko bahut du:kh de kar shaheed kar diya gaya to guru haragobind ji ne talavaar utha li | yeh talavaar sirf aatm raksha aur aam janta ki behatari ke liye uthaai thi | guru haragobind ji ke jeevan mein un par lagaataar 4 hamle hue aur sataguru hari raae par bhi ek hamla hua | guru hari Krishna ko bhi baadshah aurangajeb ne apna anuyaayi banaane ki koshish ki |

guru teg bahaadur ko sarkaar ne maut ke ghaat utaar diya, kyonki vo hindu braahminon ke dukhon ko dekh kar sarkaar se appeal karne gaye the | uske baad kuchh hindu pahaadi raaje aur sarkaari ahalakaaron ne guramat ke badhate prachaar va anuyaayiyon ki bhaari sankhya ko apne liye khatra samajhna shuru kar diya aur vo iske viruddh ekajut ho gaye. is beech guru gobind Singh ne kuchh baaniyon ki rachana ki jis mein hindu dharm aur islaam ke khilaaf sakht tippaniyaaain thi.

uparokt paristhityon tatha aurangajeb aur uske numaaindon ke gair-muslim janta ke prati atyaachaari vyavahaar ko dekhte hue dharm ki raksha hetu jab guru gobind Singh ne sashastr sangharsh ka nirnaya liya to unhonne aise sikhon (shishyon) ki talaash ki jo guramat vichaaradhaara ko aage badhaaen, dukhiyon ki madad karein aur jrurat padhane par apna balidaan denein mein bhi peechhe na hatein|

khaalasa panth saajane ka chitr

jab koi dharm aage badhta hai to uske bahut aam deekhata hai ki uske anuyaayi bahut hain, jyaadaatar to dekha-dekhi ho jaate hain, kuchh sharadha mein ho jaate hain, kuchh apne khudagarji ke kaaran ho jaate hain, asal anuyaayi to hote hi gine chune hain | is baat ka pramaan aanandapur mein mila | jab satagur gobind Singh ne talavaar nikal kar kaha ki ""unhein ek sir chaahiye"" | sab hakke bakke rah gaye | kuchh to mauke se hi khisak gaye | kuchh kehne lag pade guru paagal ho gaya hai | kuchh tamaasha dekhne aae the | kuchh maata gujri ke paas bhaag gaye ki dekho tumahara saputr kya khichdi paka raha hai |

10 hajaar ki bheed mein se pehla haath bhaai daya Singh ji ka tha | guramat vichaaradhaara ke peechhe voh sir katavaane ki shamata rakhata tha | guru saahib usako tamboo mein le gaye | vahaaain ek bakare ki gardan kaati | khoon tamboo se bahar niklata dikhaai diya | janta mein dar aur badh gaya | tab bhi himt dikha kar dharm Singh, himmat Singh, mohakam Singh, saahib Singh ne apna sees katavaana sveekaar kiya | guru saahib bakare jhatakate rahe |

paaainchon ko fir tamboo se bahar nikla aur khande baate ki paahul tayaar ki |

khande baate ki paahul

khanda baata, jantr mantra aur tantr ke smel se bana hai | isko pehli baar satagur gobind Singh ne banaaya tha |

  • jantr : baata (bartan) aur do dhaari khanda
  • mantra : 5 baaniyaaain - japu saahib, jaap saahib, tv prasaad savaiye, chopaai saahib, aanand saahib
  • tantr : meethe pataase daalna, baaniyon ko padha jaana aur khande ko baate mein ghumaana

is vidhi se hua tayaar jal ko "paahul" kehte hain | aam bhaasha mein ise log amrut bhi kehte hain |is ko pi kar sikh, khaalasa fauj, ka hisa ban jaata hai arthaat ab usane tan man dhan sab parameshvar ko saunp diya hai, ab vo sirf sach ka prachaar karega aur zaroorat padhane par vo apna gala kataane se peechhe naheen hatega | sab vikaaron se door rahega | aise sikh ko amrutadhaari bhi kaha jaata hai | yeh paahul paaainchon ko pilaai gayi aur unhein paanch pyaaron ke khitaab se nivaaja|

2 kakkar to sikh dharm mein pehle se hi the | jahaaain sikh aatmik satl par sab se bheen samajh rakhata tha satagur gobind Singh ji ne un do kakaaron ke saath saath kangha, kada aur kachha de kar shaareerik dekh mein bhi khaalase ko bhinn kar diya | aaj khande baate ki paahul paanch pyaare hi tayaar karte hain | yeh prikriya aaj rivaaj ban gayi hai | aaj vaisi pareeksha naheen li jaati jaisi us same li gayi thi |

is prikriya ko amrut sanchaar bhi kaha jaata hai |