kh

kh ki dhvani suniye

kh devanaagari lipi ka ek varn hai. hindi-urdoo ke kain shabdon mein iska prayog hota hai, jaise ki khragosh, khush, khabar, khair aur khoon. antarraashtreeya dhvanyaatmak varnamaala mein iske uchchaaran ko x ke chinh se likha jaata hai aur urdoo mein ise خ likha jaata hai, jis akshar ka naam khe hai.

anukram

aghosh kanthya sangharshi

kh ko bhaashaavijnyaaan ke najriye se aghosh kanthya sangharshi varn kaha jaata hai (angreji mein ise vaaesles velar friketiv kehte hain).

vaidik sanskrut mein

2011 ke anna hajaare aandolan mein raamaleela maidaan mein prayog hua ek chinh - antim pankti mein 'khoon' ke 'kh' mein sahi jagah laga bindu dekhiye

'kh' ki dhvani ke baare mein ek glat dhaarana hai ke ise Bhaarat mein keval arabi-faarasi ke shabdon ki vajah se maanyata praapt hai. praacheen vaidik sanskrut mein 'kh' ki dhvani pai jaati thi aur ise jihvaamooleeya ki shreni mein daala jaata tha.[1] 'kh' ki dhvani ko visrg mein hi aghosh kanthya varnon se pehle uchchaarit kiya jaata tha.[2] paanini ke samay tak yeh dhvani sanskrut se lupt ho gayi aur keval ek saral visrg hi uchchaarit kiya jaane laga. Bhaarat ki kuchh aadivaasi bhaashaaon mein bhi yeh dhvani abhi tak pai jaati hai, jaise ki jhaarakhand aur Bihar ki uraanv janajaati ki boli ka naam hi kudukh hai.

glat uchchaaran

'kh' ki dhvani ka uchchaaran kain log glati se 'kh' se milta-julata kar dete hain. is se kabhi-kabhi shabdon ka arth badal kar glat arth nikal aata hai. kuchh udahaaran hain -

  • khaana ka arth hota hai koi kamara ya ghar (jaise ki gusalakhaana, paagalakhaana, mayakhaana, chaayakhaana) jabki khaana ka arth hai koi khaane ki cheej (khaadya padaarth)
  • khuda ka arth hai Bhagwan jabki khuda ka arth hai vo jagah jahaan khudaai curry gayi ho. agar kahein "idhar bhi khuda hai, udhar bhi khuda hai" to iska arth hai "idhar bhi Bhagwan hai, udhar bhi Bhagwan hai" yaani Bhagwan sarvatr hai. lekin agar kahein "idhar bhi khuda hai, udhar bhi khuda hai" to iska arth hai ke "idhar, udhar, har jagah par khudaai hui hai" jiska matlab pehle vaakya se bilkul bhinn hai.

inhein bhi dekhiye

sandarbh

  1. Sir Monier Monier-Williams. "A practical grammar of the Sanskrit language, arranged with reference to the classical languages of Europe, for the use of English students". Clarendon Press, 1864. http://books.google.com/books?id=qRwJAAAAQAAJ. "... An Ardha-visarga ... sometimes employed before k,kh and p,ph. Before the two former letters this symbol is properly called Jihva-muliya, and the organ of its enunciation said to be the root of the tongue ..."
  2. Charles Albert Ferguson, Thom Huebner. "Sociolinguistic perspectives: papers on language in society, 1959-1994". Oxford University Press US, 1996. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780195092905. http://books.google.com/books?id=bcuIz1M0AzQC. "... This weakened variant, also spelled with visarga, is described by grammarians as a weak voiceless fricative that varies in place of constriction in accordance with the following consonant: labial before /p, ph/, retroflex before /ṣ, ṭ, ṭah/, palatal before /ś, č, čah/, and velar before /k, kh/ ..."