kelti bhaashaaeain

kelti bhaashaaeain
bhaugolik
vistaar:
pracheenakaal mein Europe mein bahut vistrut; vartamaan mein Ireland, Britain, pashchimi fraans ka brataanya kshetr, Canada ke nova skoshiya dweep aur aarjenateena ke paataagoniya kshetr mein
bhaasha shreneekaran: hind-Europeeya
  • kelti bhaashaaeain
aadi-bhaasha: aadim kelti bhaasha
upashreniyaaain:
ऍthanolaug code: 17-1150
aaiso 639-5: cel
Keltisch Sprachen.svg
Britain, Ireland aur fraans mein kelti bhaashaaon ka vistaar (jarman bhaasha mein naksha)

kelti bhaashaaeain (angreji: Celtic languages) ya selti bhaashaaeain, jinhein angreji mein keltik ya seltik kaha jaata hai, hind-yooropi bhaasha parivaar ki ek upashaakha hai jiski boliyaaain Europe ke pashchimottari chhor ke kuchh hisson mein boli jaati hain. inka vistaar vishesh roop se Ireland, Scotland, velj, main ke dweep (aail of main) aur fraans ke britni kshetr mein hai. yahaaain se bahut se log dakshin America ke aarajenateena desh ke kuchh bhaagon mein bhi ja base the isaliye kuchh had tak kelti boliyaaain vahaaain bhi boli jaati hain.[1] aadhunik yug mein iski sadasya bhaashaaon mein aayarish, skauish gelik, britenik aur mainks shaamil hain.

anukram

pracheen kaal mein

itihaas mein in boliyon ka vistaar Europe ke ek bade bhoobhaag mein tha. ve aaibeeriya praayadveep, baalkan praayadveep, Krishna saagar ke kinaare, aanaatoliya, ityaadi mein boli jaati theen. samay ke saath in ilaakon se anya bhaashaaon ne kelti bhaashaaon ko visthaapit kar diya.[2]

sanskrut se samaanataaeain

kelti bhaashaaeain va hind-aarya bhaashaaeain donon hi hind-yooropi parivaar ki upashaakhaaeain hain isliye unamein bahut se milte-julate sajaateeya shabd milte hain. adhyayan mein dekha gaya hai ki aksar sanskrut ki 'sh' aur 'sh' dhvaniyaaain kelti bhaashaaon mein 'kh' ban jaati hain. yahaaain 'kh' akshar ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein kyonki yeh bina bindu vaale 'kh' se jra bhinn hai. iska uchchaaran 'khraab' aur 'khreed' ke 'kh' se milta hai. sanskrut va kelti ki kuchh tulanaatmak misaalein is prakaar hain:[3]

sanskrut kelti hindi arth
shoon, shvaan khvn, khn kutta
ashv ekh ghoda
daarv derv ped, lakdi
dhara daiar dharati
nisha nos raat
vansh bachgen bachcha1
vaama fem stri

tippani:

(1) 'vansh' aur faarasi-mool ka bachcha shabd swayam bhi sajaateeya hain kyonki sanskrut va faarasi dono hind-Irani bhaasha-parivaar ki do bahanein hain

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Compendium of the World's Languages: Abaza to Kurdish, George L. Campbell, pp. 322, Taylor & Francis, 2000, ISBN 9780415202961, ... There are about 3,000 Gaelic speakers in Nova Scotia ... A few thousand people, all bilingual, speak Welsh in Patagonia ...
  2. A Guide to the World's Languages, Merrit Ruhlen, pp. 59, Stanford University Press, 1991, ISBN 9780804718943, ... Celtic languages were once spoken throughout Europe (including present-day Spain, France, and Italy) and into Asia Minor (Turkey), but all of these Continental and Asian languages became extinct early on ...
  3. The eastern origin of the Celtic nations proved by a comparison of their dialects with the Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and Teutonic languages: forming a supplement to researches into the physical history of mankind, James Cowles Prichard, pp. 210, Houlston and Wright, 1857, ... In all the following instances the Celtic terms are cognate with those belonging to the other European languages, and in some they bear a remarkable resemblance to the Sanskrit. The interchange of sibilant with guttural consonants is here to be observed ...