kekaya

kekaya (jise kaikeya, kaikas ya kaikeyas naam se bhi jaana jaata hai) ek praacheen raajya tha, jo avibhaajit Punjab se uttar pashchim disha mein gaandha aur vyaas nadi ke basa tha. yahaan ke adhikaansh nivaasi kekaya janapad ke kshatreeya the.[1] at: kaikeyas kahalaate the. kaikeya log praay: madr desh, usheenar desh ya shivi pradesh ke logon ke sambandh mein rahate the aur sabhi sanyukt roop se vaahika desh mein aate the. ye varnan paanini ke anusaar hai.[2] kekaya desh ka ullekh raamaayan mein bhi aata hai. raaja dasharath ki sabse chhoti raani kaikeyi aur usaki daasi manthara kekaya desh ki hi thi.

anukram

bhaugolik sthiti

bahut se puraanon mein kaikeya vaasiyon ko gandharv, yavan, shak, parad, baahleek, kanboj, daradaas, barbar, cheeni, tushaar, pahalav aadi ki ginti mein joda gaya hai. inhein ideechya ke log kaha gaya hai. udeechya yaani uttarapath ki uttari mandal.[3]. kekaiya ne vartamaan Jhelum, shaahapur aur Gujarat (Pakistan) ke kshetron mein nivaas kiya tha.[4]

kekaya Punjab mein gandhaar ka poorvavarti pradesh arthaat aajkal ke Rawalpindi peshaavar ke aaspaas ke pradesh ka praacheen naam. ikshvaakuvanshi raaja dasharath ki raani kaikeyi yaheen ki raajakanya theen. kekaya raajya ki rajdhani raajagruh thi. is raajagruh ka sameekaran aadhunik jalaalapur se kiya jaata hai. raamaayan mein is nagar ka ek doosra naam 'giribraj' kaha gaya hai. upanishdon mein is pradesh ke vikhyaat shaasak ashvapati ka ullekh milta hai. paanini ki ashtaadhyaayi mein ise raajaadhishthit janapad kaha gaya hai. mahaabhaarat ke samay yahaaain dhrushtaketu naamak raaja raajya karta tha. brahmaand puraan ke anusaar kekaya nivaasi anaarya the kintu jain saahitya mein unhein aarya kaha gaya hai.

sandarbh

  1. ashtaadhyaayi sootr ashtam.3.2
  2. India ऍj non too paanini, dau॰aavi.S.Agrawal, pru.54
  3. vaayu puraan 1.45.117; brahmaand puraan, 1.2.26.48; maarkandeya puraan, 52.37; matsya puraan (Critical), 113.42; cf svargalok of 6.43; mahaabhaarat (Critical ed) 4.10.47; brahma puraan 53.14; See: Krfel's text of the Uttarapatha countries of the Bhuvankosha
  4. India as Known to Panini, p 52, Dr V. S. Aggarwala; Geographical Data in Ancient Puranas, 1972, p 162, Dr M. R. Singh.

pustakein aur saamayik

  • mahaabhaarat
  • Bhagwat puraan
  • vaayu puraan
  • matsya puraan
  • Geographical Data in Ancient Puranas, 1972, Dr M. R. Singh
  • Political History of Ancient India, 1996, Dr H. C. Raychaudhury, Dr B. N. Mukerjee
  • India as Known to Panini, Dr V. S. Aggarwala
  • Ancient Geography of India, A. Cunningham

dekhein

  • madr
  • usheenar
  • shivi