katapayaadi

katapayaadi (= k t p ya aadi) sankhyaaon ko shabd ya shlok ke roop mein aasaani se yaad rakhane ki praacheen bhaarateeya paddhati hai. choonki Bhaarat mein vaigyaanik/takaneeki/khagoleeya granth padya roop mein likhe jaate the, isaliye sankhyaaon ko shabdon ke roop mein abhivyakt kiye bina vishay ka samuchit vivechan naheen kiya ja sakta tha. bhaarateeya chintakon ne iska samaadhaan 'kataayaadi' ke roop mein nikaala.

ismein shoonya (0) se nau (9) tak ke das ankon ko devanaagari ke das varnon se nirupit kar diya jaata hai. is paddhati ki visheshata hai ki ek hi ank ko kai varnon (vyanjanon) se niroopit kiya jaata hai jabki kuchh varn koi ank nirupit naheen karte - isse yeh laabh hota hai ki sankhyaaon ke liye arthapoorn shabd banaane mein aasaani hoti hai. arthapoorn shabd rahane se yaad karne mein saralata hoti hai.

anukram

niyam

shankaravarman dvaara rachit sadratnamaala ka nimnalikhit shlok is paddhati ko spasht karta hai -

najnyaaavachashch shoonyaani sankhya: katapayaadaya:.
mishre toopaantyahal sankhya na ch chintyo halasvar: .

arth: na, nya tatha a shoonya ko niroopit karte hain. (svaron ka maan shoonya hai) shesh nau ank k, t, p aur ya se aarambh hone vaale vyanjan varnon dvaara niroopit hote hain. kisi sanyukt vyanjan mein keval baad wala vyanjan hi liya jaayega. bina svar ka vyanjan chhod diya jaayega.

at: varnon ke maan nimnalikhit taalika ke anusaar honge -

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
k kh g gh ch chh j jh nya
t th d dh n t th the dh na
p f b bh m - - - - -
ya r l va sh sh s h - -
udaaharan

shabd -- katapayaadi sankhya

  • Ram = 52
  • Mahendra = 285
  • kautilya = 111

aitihaasik upayog ke kuchh udaaharan

anoonanoonnaanananunnanityai-
ssamaahataashchakrakalaavibhktaa:
chandaanshuchandraadhamakunbhipaalair‍-
vyaasastadar‍aaddhan tribhmaur‍aavik syaat‌
  • nimnalikhit shlok pai ka maan dashamlav ke 31 sthaanon tak shuddh deta hai-
gopeebhaagyamadhuvraat-shrugङaishodadhisndhig .
khalajeevitkhaataav galahaalaarasandhar .
bhadraambuddhisiddhajanmaganitshraddha sm yad bhoopagi: = 314159265358979324 (satrah dashamlav sthaanon tak, 3 ke baad dashamlav maaniye.)
  • naaraayaneeyam ke ant mein aayuraarogyasaukhyam aaya hai, jiske sangat sankhya 1712210 aati hai jo is granth ki samaapti ka din bataata hai. arthaat yeh granth malayalam panchaang ke anusaar kaliyug ke aarambh ke 1712210-vein din samaapt hua.
  • kuchh log bachchon ke naam unke janmakaal ke aadhaar par katapayaadi ka upayog karte hue rakhate hain.

maadhav ki jya saarani

shreshthan naam varishthaanaan himaadrirvedabhaavan:.
tapano bhaanusooktajnyao madhyaman viddhi dohanan.
dhigaajyo naashanan kashtan chhatrabhogaashayaambika.
mrigaahaaro nareshoऽyan veeroranajayotsuk:.
moolan vishuddhan naalasya gaaneshu virla naraa:.
ashuddhiguptaachorashree: shankukarno nageshvar:.
tanujo garbhajo mitran shreemaanatr sukhi sakhe!.
shashi raatrau himaahaaro vegalp: pathi sindhur:.
chhaayaalayo gajo neelo nirmalo naasti satkule.
raatrau darpanamabhraaङagan naagastuङaganakho bali.
dheero yuva kathaalol: poojyo naareejarairbhag:.
kanyaagaare naagavalli devo vishvasthali bhrugu:.
tatparaadiklaantaastu mahaajya maadhavoditaa:.
svasvapoorvavishuddhe tu shishtaastatkhandamaurvikaa:. 2.9.5

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain