kastoori mrug

kastoori mrug
कस्तूरी मृग (मॉस्कस मॉस्किफ़रस)
kastoori mrug (mauskas mauskifras)
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: jantu
sangh: rajjuki
varg: stanapaayi
gan: dvikhureeyagan
kul: Moschidae
(gre, 1821)
prajaati: Moschus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
khopadi

kastoori mrug sam-khur yukt khuradaar stanadhaariyon ka ek samooh hai. yeh moshide parivaar ka praani hai. kastoori mrugon ki chaar prajaatiyaaain pai jaati hain, jo sabhi aapas mein bahut samaan hain. kastoori mrug, saamaanya mrug se adhik aadim hai.

anukram

parichay

kastooreemrug naamak pashu mrugon ke angyuleta (Ungulata) kul (shafi kul, khuravaale jantuon ka kul) ki mauskas mauskifras (Moschus Moschiferus) naamak prajaati ka jugaali karanevaala shrungarahit chaupaaya hai. praaya: himaalaya parvat ke 2,400 se 3,600 meter tak ki ooainchaaiyon par Tibet, Nepal, hindacheen aur saaiberiya, Korea, kaansoo ityaadi ke pahaadi sthalon mein paaya jaata hai. shaareerik parimaan ki drushti se yeh mrug Africa ke dik-dik naamak mrug ki tarah bahut chhota hota hai. praaya: iska shareer pichhle putthe tak 500 se 700 mileemeetar (20 se 30 inch) ooaincha aur naak se lekar pichhle putthon tak 750 se 950 mileemeetar lamba hota hai. iski pooainchh lagbhag baalaviheen, naamamaatr ko hi (lagbhag 40 mileemeetar ki) rahati hai. is jaati ki mrugiyon ki pooainchh par ghane baal paae jaate hain. jugaali karanevaale chauda daaaint (inasijr, incisor) naheen rahata. keval chabaane mein sahaayak daaaint (cheebhad aur chaubhad ke poorvavaale daaaint) hote hain. in mrugon ke 60 se 75 mileemeetar lambe donon suve daaaint (kainaain, canine) oopar se thuddhi ke baahar tak nikle rahate hain. iske angopaang lambe aur patale hote hain. pichhli taaaingein agali taaaingon se adhik lambi hoti hain. iske khuron aur nakhon ki banaavat itni chhoti, nukeeli aur vishesh dhang ki hoti hai ki badi furti se bhaagte samay bhi iski chaaron taaaingein chattaanon ke chhote-chhote kinaaron par tik sakti hain. neeche se iske khur pole hote hain. isi se pahaadon par girnevaali rui jaise halke him mein bhi ye naheen dhainsate aur kadi se kadi barf par bhi naheen fislate. iski ek-ek kudaan 15 se 20 meter tak lambi hoti hai. iske kaan lambe aur golaakaar hote hain tatha iski shravanashakti bahut teekshn haati hai. iske shareer ka rang vividh prakaar se badalta rahata hai. pet aur kamar ke nichle bhaag lagbhag safed hi hote hain aur baaki shareer katthai bhoore rang ka hota hai. kabhi-kabhi shareer ka oopari sunahari jhalak liye lalachhaunh, halka peela ya naarangi rang ka bhi paaya jaata hai. bahudha in mrugon ki kamar aur peeth par rangeen dhabbe rahate hain. alpavayaskon mein dhabbe adhik paae jaate hain. inke shareer par khoob ghane baal rahate hain. baalon ka nichla aadha bhaag safed hota hai. baal seedhe aur kathor hote hue bhi sparsh karne mein bahut mulaayam hote hain. baalon ki lanbaai 76 mileemeetar ki lagbhag hoti hai.

kastooreemrug pahaadi jangalon ki chattaanon ke darron aur khohon mein rahata hai. saadhaaranataya yeh apne nivaasasthaan ko kade sheetakaal mein bhi naheen chhodta. charane ke liye yeh mrug door se door jaakar bhi ant mein apni rahane ki guha mein laut aata hai. aaraam se letane ke liye yeh mitti mein ek gaddha sa bana leta hai. ghaas paat, fool patti aur jadi bootiyaaain hi iska mukhya aahaar hain. ye ritukaal ke atirikt kabhi bhi ikatthe naheen paae jaate aur inhein ekaantasevi pashu hi samajhna chaahiye. kastooreemrug ke aarthik mahatva ka kaaran uske shareer par sata kastoori ka naafa hi uske liye mrutyu ka doot ban jaata hai.

vishishtataaeain

kastoori mrug ek chhote mrug ke samaan naati banaavat ka hota hai aur inke pichhle pair aage ke pairon se adhik lambe hote hain. inki lambaai 80-100 se0mee0 tak hoti hai, kandhe par 50-70 se0mee0 aur bhaar 7 se 17 kilo tak hota hai. kastoori mrug ke pair kathin bhoobhaag mein chadhaai ke liye anukool hote hain.

inka dant sootr saamaanya mrug ke samaan hi hota hai :

uttaraakhand raajya mein paae jaane vaale kastoori mrug prakruti ke sundaratam jeevon mein se ek hain. yeh 2-5 hajaar meter unche him shikharon mein paaya jaata hai. iska vaigyaanik naam moschus Chrysogaster hai. yeh "himaalayan mask diar" ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. kastoori mrug apni sundarata ke liye naheen apitu apni naabhi mein paae jaane waali kastoori ke liye adhik prasiddh hai. kastoori keval nar mrug mein paayi jaati hai jo is ke udar ke nichle bhaag mein jananaang ke sameep ek granthi se sraavit hoti hai. yeh udareeya bhaag ke neeche ek theleenuma sthaan par ikattha hoti hai. kastoori mrug chhota aur sharmeela jaanavar hota hai. is ka vajan lagbhag 13 kilo tak hota hai. is ka rang bhoora aur us par kaale-peele dhabbe hote hain. ek mrug mein lagbhag 30 se 45 gram tak kastoori pai jaati hai. nar ki bina baalon waali poonchh hoti hai. iske seeng naheen hote. peechhe ke pair aage ke pair se lambe hote hain. is ke jabade mein do daant peechhe ki aur jhuke hote hain. in daanton ka upayog yeh apni suraksha aur jadi-booti ko khodane mein karta hai.

kastoori mrug ki ghraan shakti badi tej hoti hai. kastoori ka upayog aushadhi ke roop mein dama, mirgi, nimoniya aadi ki davaaऍn banaane mein hota hai. kastoori se banane wala itr apni khushboo ke liye prasiddh hai. kastoori mrug tej gati se daudne wala jaanavar hai, lekin daudte samay 40-50 meter aage jaakar peechhe mudkar dekhne ki aadat hi is ke liye kaal ban jaati hai. kastoori mrug ko sankatagrast prajaatiyon mein shaamil kiya gaya hai.

kastoora abhayaaranya

vilupt jaati ki punarrachana

roodraprayaag jile mein chopata ke panchakedaaron mein se ek tuङaganaath mahaadev ke aas-paas kastoori mrug abhayaaranya sthit hai. tuङaganaath mahaadev mandir ke maarg mein hi is abhayaaranya ka kastoori mrug prajanan kendra bhi sthit hai.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain