kapilvastu

kapilvastu, shaakya gan ki rajdhani tha. Gautam buddh ke jeevan ke praarambhik kaal khand yaheen par vyatheet hua tha. Bhagwan buddh ke janm is sthaan se 10 kimi poorv mein lunbini me hua tha. aarkiyolajik khudaai aur praacheen yaatreeaun ke vivran anusaar adhiktar vidvaan‌ kapilvastu Nepal ke tilauraakot ko maanate hain jo Nepal ki taraai ke nagar taulihva se do meal uttar ki or hain. Vincent smith ke mat se yeh uttar pradesh ke basti jile ka pipraava naamak sthaan hai jahaaain asthiyon par shaakyon dvaara nirmit stoop paaya gaya hai jo un ke vichaar mein buddh ke asthi hai.

buddh shaakya gan ke raaja shuddhodan aur mahaamaaya ke putr the. unka janm lunbini van mein hua jise ab rummindei kehte hain. rummindei tilauraakot (kapilvastu) se 10 meal poorv aur bhagavaanapur se do meal uttar hai. yahaaain ashok ka ek stanbhalekh mila hai jiska aashay hai ki bhagavaan‌ buddh ke is janmasthaan par aakar ashok ne pooja ki aur stambh khada kiya tatha "lummineegraam' ke kar halake kiye.

Gautam buddh ne baalya aur yauvan ke sukh ka upabhog kar 29 varsh ki avastha mein kapilvastu se mahaabhinishkraman kiya. buddhatvapraapti ke doosare varsh ve shuddhodan ke nimantran par kapilvastu gaye. isi prakaar 15 vaaain chaaturmaas bhi unhonne kapilvastu mein nyagrodhaaraam mein bitaaya. yahaaain rahate hue unhonne anek sootron ka upadesh kiya, 500 shaakyon ke saath apne putr raahal aur vaimaatr bhaai nand ko pravajja di tatha shaakyon aur koliyon ka jhagada niptaaya.

buddh se ghanishth sambandh hone ke kaaran is nagar ka bauddh saahitya aur kala mein chitran prachurata se hua hai. ise buddhacharit kaavya mein "kapilsya vastu' tatha lalitvistar aur tripitk mein "kapilpur' bhi kaha hai. divyaavadaan ne spashtat: is nagar ka sambandh Kapil muni se bataaya hai. lalitvistar ke anusaar kapilvastu bahut bada, samruddh, dhanadhaanya aur jan se poorn mahanagar tha jiski chaar dishaaon mein chaar dwaar the. nagar saat prakaaron aur parikhaaon se ghira tha. yeh van, aaraam, udyaan aur pushkariniyon se sushobhit tha aur ismein anek chauraahe, sadkein, baajaar, toranadvaar, harmya, kootaagaar tatha praasaad the. yahaaain ke nivaasi guni aur vidvaan‌ the. saundaraanand kaavya ke anusaar yahaaain ke amaatya medhaavi the. paali tripitk ke anusaar shaakya kshatriya the aur raajakaarya "santhaagaar" mein ekatr hokar karte the. unki shiksha aur sanskruti ka star ooaincha tha. bhikshuneesangh ki sthaapana ka shreya shaakya striyon ko hai.

faahyaan ke samay tak kapilvastu mein thodi aabaadi bachi thi par yuaanchvaaङ ke samay mein nagar veeraan aur khaindahar ho chuka tha, kintu buddh ke jeevan ke ghatanaasthalon par chaitya, vihaar aur stoop 1,000 se adhik sankhya mein khade the.