kannauji bhaasha

kannoji ki boliyaaain[1]

kannauj aur uske aas-paas boli jaane waali bhaasha ko kannauji ya kanauji bhaasha kehte hain. 'kaanyakubj' se 'kannauj' shabd vyutpann hua aur kannauj ke aas-paas ki boli 'kannauji' naam se abhihit ki gayi. kannauj vartamaan mein ek jila hai jo uttar pradesh mein hai. yeh Bhaarat ka ati praacheen, prasiddh evam samruddh nagar raha hai. iska ullekh praacheen granthon raamaayan aadi mein milta hai. kannauji ka vikaas shauraseni praakrut ki bhaasha paanchaali praakrut se hua. iseeliye aachaarya kishoreedaas baajapei ne ise paanchaali naam diya. vastut: paanchaal pradesh ki mukhya boli 'paanchaali' arthaat 'kannauji' hi hai. yeh boli uttar mein haradoi, shaahajahaaainpur aur peeleebheet tak tatha dakshin mein itaava, mainapuri ki bhogaaainv, mainapuri tatha karahal tahaseel, eta ki eta aur aleeganj tahaseel, badaayooain ki badaayooain tatha daataaganj tahaseel, bareli ki bareli, fareedapur tatha navaabaganj tahaseel, peeleebheet, haradoi (sandeela tahaseel mein gosaganj tak), kheri ki muhammadi tahaseel tatha seetaapur ki misrikh tahaseel mein boli jaati hai.[2] spasht hai ki uttar paanchaal ke anek janapadon mein tatha dakshin paanchaal ke lagbhag samast janapadon mein 'kannauji' ka hi prachaar-prasaar hai.

anukram

kannauji ka kshetr

kannauji ka kshetr bahut vistrut naheen hai, parantu bhaasha ke sambandh mein yeh kahaavat badi sateek hai ki-

kos-kos par paani badle dui-dui kos mein baani.

vyavahaar mein dekha jaata hai ki ek gaaainv ki bhaasha apne padosi gaaainv ki bhaasha se kuchh na kuchh bhinnata liye hoti hai. isi aadhaar par kannauji ki upaboliyon ka nirdhaaran kiya gaya hai.

kannauji uttar pradesh ke kannauj, auraiya, mainapuri, itaava, farrukhaabaad, haradoi, shaahajahaanpur, Kanpur, peeleebheet jilon ke graameen anchal mein bahutaayat se boli jaati hai. kannauji bhaasha/ kanauji, pashchimi hindi ke antargat aati hai.

kannauji ki up boliyaaain

kannauji bhaasha kshetr mein vibhinn boliyon ka vyavahaar hota hai, jinko is prakaar vibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai-[3] madhya kannauji, tirhaari, pachharuaa, bangrahi, shahajahaaainpuriya, peeleebheeti, badauaaain, antarvedi. pehchaan ki drushti se kannauji okaaraant pradhaan boli hai. brajabhaasha aur kannauji mein mool antar yahi hai ki kannauji ke okaaraant aur ekaaraant ke sthaan par brajabhaasha mein 'aukaaraant' aur 'aikaaraant' kriyaaeain aati hain-[2]

gao - gayau, khaao - khaayau chale - chalai, kare - karai

kannauji ki dhvaniyaaain

iski dhvaniyo mein madhyam 'h' ka lop ho jaata hai- jaahi, jaai shabdaarambh mein lh, rh, mh vyanjan milte hain- lhasun, rhaint, mahangaai aadi. antya alpapraan mahaapraan mein badal jaata hai- haath > haat. svaron mein anunaasikeekaran ki pravrutti pai jaati hai- aiainchat, juaaain, inkaar, bhaujaai, unghiyaat, aneinth, mon (muainh). 'ya' ke sthaan par 'j' ho jaata hai- yamuna > jamuna, yash > jas. 'va' ke sthaan par 'b' ka vyavahaar hota hai- var > bar, vakeel > bakeel. kaheen - kaheen par 'va' ke sthaan par 'u' bhi prayukt hota hai- avataar > autaar. usamein avadhi ki bhaaainti ukaaraant ki pravrutti bhi pai jaati hai- khet > khetu, marat > mattu. kaheen-kaheen 'kh' ke sthaan par 'k' uchcharit hota hai- bheekh > bheek, 'n' 'd' ho jaata hai- raavan > raavad, gan > gad. 's' ke sthaan par 'h'- master > mahattar, saptaah > haptaah. upekshaabhaav se uchcharit sanjnyaa shabdon mein 'ta' pratyaya ka yog vishesh ullekhaneeya hai- baniyaaain > baneta, kisaan > kisnta, kaachhi > kachheta, bachcha > bachchata adi.[2]

kannauji ka vyaakaran

kannauji ke svaron mein anunaasikeekaran ki pravrutti pai jaati hai- aiainchat, juaaain, inkaar, bhaujaain, unghiyaat, aneinth, mon aadi. 'ai' aur 'au' svar sanyukt svar 'ai' aur 'au' ke roop mein prayukt hote hain- gaiya > gaiya, ainak > ainak, aukaat > aukaat. kannauji ke streeling pratyaya- E, na, ni, iya hain. ghodi, dhobin, maastarani, jaatin, kutariya. iske kriya roop is prakaar hain- vartamaan nishchayaarth roop-

purush ek vachan bahu vachan
uttam purush chalau chalauain
madhyam purush udaaharan udaaharan
anya purush udaaharan udaaharan

purush ek vachan bahu vachan

uttam purush chalau, chalauain chalain, chalaiain

madhyam purush chalain, chalai chalau, chalau

anya purush chalai, chalai chalain, chalaiain

bhavishya nishchayaarth-

uttam purush chalihaun/chalihuain chalihain/chalihiain
madhyam purush chalihai/chalihi chalihau/chalihu
anya purush chalihai/chalihi chalihain/chalihiain


aajnyaaarth-
madhyam purush chal/ chalu chalau /chalau
anya purush chalai/ chalai chalain/ chalaiain

iski sahaayata evam astitvavaachak kriya ke roop hain-
vartamaan kaal mein- hooain, ho, haigo, haiain, hainge.
bhootakaal mein- hato, raho aadi.
bhavishyat kaal mein- huiho, haihooain, huihai aadi.

vartamaan kaalik krudant pratyaya-
t, tu (khaat, khaatu), bhootakaalik O (gao),
kriyaarthak sanjnyaa- na, nu, no, bo (chalan, chalanu, chalano, chalibo),
poorvakaalik- ke, ike (uthake, uthike hai.)

aajnyaaasoochak kriyaapad praay: 'u' ke sanyog se nirmit hote hain- chalau, gaabau.

paraamarsh bodhak shabd 'au' va 'aiain' ke sanyog se bante hain- chaliai, chalaaiain, gaiau, gaiaiain.

kuchh vishisht kriya visheshan- chatt sai, gamm dai, bhatt sai, chhall sai, jhatt sai, gapp sai, tann sai aadi.

kannauji mein shodh kaarya

kannauji bhaasha mein kai vishvavidyaalayon se shodh kaarya hue hain, inmein kannauji lokageet (santaraam anil), kanauji lok saahitya mein samaaj ka pratibimb (daa॰ suresh chandr tripaathi)

sandarbh

  1. dau॰ jagadeesh, vyom (May 2000). kanauji lokagaathaaon ka sarvekshan aur vishleshan. Mathura (uttar pradesh)- 281001: shri Shiv-shakti prakaashan, agrasen nagar, koseekalaaain. pa॰ 07.
  2. a aa i vyom, dau॰aajagadeesh (May 2000). kanauji lokagaathaaon ka sarvekshan aur vishleshan. Mathura (uttar pradesh)- 281001: shri Shiv-shakti prakaashan, agrasen nagar, koseekalaaain. pa॰ 01-14.
  3. griyrsan, dau॰. li.s.aa.i. bhaag-9, khand-1. pa॰ 01.