kanhaiyaalaal maaniklaal munshi

kanhaiyaalaal munshi

kanhaiyaalaal maaniklaal munshi (29 December, 1887 - 8 February, 1971) Bhaarat ke svatantrata sangraam senaani, raajaneta, gujaraati evam hindi ke khyaatinaam saahityakaar tatha shikshaavid the. unhone bhaarateeya vidya bhavan ki sthaapana ki.

anukram

parichay

kanhaiyaalaal munshi ka janm bhadauch, Gujarat ke uchch sushikshit bhaagarv braahman parivaar mein hua tha. ek pratibhaavaan vidyaarthi ke taur par munshi ne kaanoon ki padhaai ki. vidhi snaatak ke pashchaat unhonne Mumbai mein vakaalat ki. ek patrakaar ke roop mein bhi ve safal rahe. Gandhi ji ke saath 1915 mein yang India ke sah-sampaadak bane. kai anya maasik patrikaaon ka sanpaadan kiya. unhonne gujaraati saahitya parishad mein pramukh sthaan paaya aur apne kuchh mitron ke saath 1938 ke ant mein bhaarateeya vidya bhavan ki sthaapana ki.[1] ve hindi mein aitihaasik aur pauraanik upanyaas va kahaani lekhak ke roop mein to prasiddh hain hi, unhonne premachand ke saath hans ka sanpaadan daayitv bhi sambhaala. 1952 se 1957 tak ve uttar pradesh ke raajyapaal rahe. vakeel, mantri, kulapati aur raajyapaal jaise pramukh padon par kaarya karte hue bhi unhonne 50 se adhik pustakein likheen. inmein upanyaas, kahaani, naatak, itihaas, lalit kalaaeain aadi vishay shaamil hain. 1956 mein unhonne akhil bhaarateeya saahitya sammelan ki adhyakshata bhi ki.

kanhaiyaalaal ji svatantraata senaani the, Mumbai praant aur kendreeya mantrimandal mein mantri the, raajyapaal rahe, adhivakta the, lekin unka naam sarvopari bhaarateeya vidya bhavan ke sansthaapak ke roop mein khyaat hai. 7 November, 1938 ko bhaarateeya vidya bhavan ki sthaapana ke samay unhonne ek aise svapn ki charcha ki thi jiska pratifl yeh bha.vi.bh. hota- yeh svapn tha vaise kendra ki sthaapana ka, 'jahaaain is desh ka praacheen gyaan aur aadhunik bauddhik aakaankshaaeain milkar ek nae saahitya, nae itihaas aur nai sanskruti ko janm de sakein.' kanhaiyaalaal ji jadta ke virodhi aur naveenata ke poshak the. unki najar mein 'bhaarateeya sanskruti koi jad vastu naheen thi.' ve bhaarateeya sanskruti ko 'chintan ka ek satat pravaah' maanate the. ve is vichaar ke poshak the ki apni jadon se jude rahakar bhi hamein baahar ki hava ka nishedh naheen karna chaahiye. ve apni lekhani mein bhi saanskrutik punarjaagaran ki baat kehte rahate the.

ve gujaraati aur aaingreji ke achhe lekhak the, lekin raashtreeya hit mein hamesha hindi ke pakshadhar rahe. unhonne 'hans' patrika ke sanpaadan mein premachand ka sahayog kiya. ve raashtreeya shiksha ke samarthak the. ve pashchimi shiksha ke andhaanukaran ka virodh karte the. mantri ke roop mein unka ek mahatvapoorn kaarya raha - van mahotsav aarambh karna. vrukshaaropan ke prati ve kaafi gambhir the. munshi ji vastut: aur moolat: bhaarateeya sanskruti ke doot the. saanskrutik ekeekaran ke bina unki najar mein kisi bhi saamaajik-raajaneetik kaaryakram ka koi mahatva naheen tha.

pramukh kaarya

  • 1904- bharooch mein mafat pustakaalaya ki sthaapana
  • 1912 – 'bhaargav' maasik ki sthaapana
  • 1915-20 'homarul league' ke mantri
  • 'veesami sadi' maasik mein prasiddh dhaaraavaahik navalakatha likha
  • 1922- 'Gujarat' maasik ka prakaashan
  • 1925- munbai dhaaraasabha mein chune gaye
  • 1926- gujaraati saahitya parishdana bandhaaranana ghadavaiya
  • 1930- bhaarateeya raashtreeya kongres mein pravesh
  • 1930-32 – svaatantrya sangraam mein bhaag lene ke kaaran kaaraavaas
  • 1933- kongresana bandhaarananun ghadatar
  • 1937-39 – Mumbai raajya ke gruhamantri
  • 1938- bhaarateeya vidyaabhavan ki sthaapana
  • 1938- karaanchi mein gujaraati saahitya parishad ke pramukh
  • 1942-46- Gandhiji ke saath matabhed aur kongres tyaag aur pun: pravesh
  • 1946- Udaipur mein akhil Bhaarat hindi saahitya parishad ke pramukh
  • 1948- somanaath mandir ka jeernoddhaar
  • 1948- Hyderabad ke Bhaarat mein vilay mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika
  • 1948- bhaaratanun bandhaaran samiti ke sadasya
  • 1952-57 uttar pradesh ke raajyapaal
  • 1957- raajaaji ke saath svatantr party ke upapramukh
  • 1954- vishv sanskrut parishad ki sthaapana aur uske pramukh
  • 1959 - 'samarpan' maasik ka praarambh
  • 1960- raajaneeti se sanyaas

saahityik krutiyaaain

unki kuchh pramukh rachanaaeain neeche di gayeen hain-

  • gujaraatano naath
  • paatanani prabhuta
  • prutheevi vallabh
  • krushnaavataar bhaag 1 se 7
  • raajaadhiraaj
  • jaya somanaath
  • Bhagwan kautilya
  • bhagn paaduka
  • lopaamudra
  • lomaharshini
  • Bhagwan parashuraam
  • verani vasulaat
  • kono vaank
  • svapnadrashta
  • tapasvini
  • adadhe raste
  • seedhaan chadhaan
  • svapnasiddhini shodhamaan
  • purandar paraajaya
  • avibhkt aatma
  • tarpan
  • putrasamovadi
  • vaava shethanun svaatantrya
  • be kharaab jan
  • aajnyaaankit
  • dhruvasanvaamineedevi
  • snehasanbhram
  • Dr. madhurika
  • kaakaani shashi
  • chheee te j theek
  • brahmacharyaashram
  • maari binjavaabadaar kahaani
  • gujaraatani keertigaatha


inke atirikt nimnalikhit krutiyaaain angreji mein hain-

  • Gujarat & its Literature
  • I Follow the Mahatma
  • Early Aryans in Gujarat
  • Akhand Hindustan
  • The Aryans of the West Coast
  • The Indian Deadlock
  • The Imperial Gurjars
  • Ruin that Britain Wrought
  • Bhagavad Gita and Modern Life
  • The Changing Shape of Indian Politics
  • The Creative Art of LIfe
  • Linguistic Provinces & Future of Bombay
  • Gandhi : The Master
  • Bhagavad Gita - An Approach
  • The Gospel of the Dirty Hand
  • Glory that was Gurjaradesh
  • Our Greatest Need
  • Saga of Indian Sculpture
  • The End of an Era (Hyderabad Memories)
  • Foundation of Indian Culture
  • Reconstruction of Society through Trusteeship
  • The World We Saw
  • Warnings of History
  • Gandhiji's Philosophy in Life and Action

sandarbh

  1. "Kulapati K.M. Munshi" (angreji mein) (echateeemael). live India.com. http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/15.html. abhigman tithi: 2008.

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