kajaakhistaan

Қaaаaaзaaаaaқaaсaaтaaаaaн Рaaеaaсaaпaaуaaбaaлaaиaaкaaаaaсaaы
Qazaqstan Respublïakası
Рaaеaaсaaпaaуaaбaaлaaиaaкaaа Кaaаaaзaaаaaхaaсaaтaaаaaн
Respublika Kazakhstan

kaajaakstaan ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: -
raashtragaan: mera kajaakhistaan
rajdhani astaana
51°a10′aN 71°a30′aE / 51.167°aN 71.5°aE / 51.167; 71.5
sabse bada nagar almaati
raajabhaasha(eain) kaajaak (raajakeeya bhaasha), rasiyn
sarkaar sattaavaadi ganaraajya
- raashtrapati noorsultaan naajrbaayav
- pradhaanamantri kareem maasimauv
svatantrata soviyt sangh se
- ghoshana 16 December, 1991
kshetrafal
- kul 2,717,300 varg kilometer (9 vaan)
1,049,155 varg meal
- jal (%) 1.7 %
janasankhya
- 2005 janaganana 14,825,000 (62 vaan)
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul $132.7 billion (56 vaan)
- prati vyakti $8,700 (70 vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2003) 0.761
uchch · 80 vaan
mudra teinge (KZT)
samay mandal (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+5 se +6)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+5 se +6)
doorabhaash koot 7
Internet teeeladi .kz

kjaakstaan (kaajaak: Қaaаaaзaaаaaқaaсaaтaaаaaн / Qazaqstan, roosi:Кaaаaaзaaаaaхaaсaaтaaаaaн / Kazakhstáan) yooreshiya mein sthit ek desh hai. kshetrafal ke aadhaar se ye duniya ka navaaain sabse bada desh hai. Asia mein ek bade bhoobhaag mein faila hua yeh desh pehle soviyt sangh ka hissa hua karta tha. 1991 mein soviyt sangh ke vightan ke uparaant isne sabse ant mein apne aapko svatantr ghoshit kiya. soviyt prashaasan ke dauraan yahaaain kai mahatvapoorn pariyojanaaeain sampann huin, jismein kai rauketon ka prakshepan se lekar krushchev ka varjin bhoomi pariyojana shaamil hain. desh ki adhikaaainsh bhoomi stepi ghaas maidaan, jungle tatha pahaadi kshetron se dhaki hai.

yahaaain ke mukhya nivaasi kjaakh log hain jo turk mool ke hain. apne itihaas ke adhikaansh hisse mein kajaakhstaan ki bhoomi yaayaavar jaatiyon ke saamraajya ka hissa rahi hai. iski rajdhani san 1998 mein astaana ko banaai gayi jo soviyt kaaleen rajdhani almaati se badalkar banaai gayi thi. yahaan ki kaajaak bhaasha aur roosi bhaasha mukhya- aur raajabhaashaaeain hain.


anukram

bhoogol

kaajaakstaan ka adhikaansh bhoobhaag (jaisa ki upar kaha ja chuka hai) stepi, pahaad, jungle ya marusthalon se dhaka hai. marusthal to padosi Turkmenistan tatha ujbekistaan tak faile hain. dakshin tatha dakshin-pashchim mein kaispiyn saagar sthit hai, jabki aralasaagar ki seema ujbekistaan ke saath sammilit hai. desh ke madhya me sthit balakhsh jheel vishaalakaaya jheelon mein se ek hai. uttari tiyen shaan kshetr ki kolasaai jheelein parvateeya jheelon ki shreni mein aati hain.

yahaaain ki praakrutik sampada kshetron mein aksoo-jbaagali, almaati, barsa-kelmes, bayaan-aaul, maarakokal ustirt tatha pashchimi altaai ke naam pramukhata se ginaae jaate hain. sanyukt raashtra sangh ki vishv dharoharon mein stepi kshetr saryaraka ka naam 2008 mein shaamil hua hai. nam kshetron mein gulaabi flemingo, saaiberiyaai white kren, dalamaatiyn pelikn tatha palaashi fish igal jaisi pakshiyaaain pai jaati hain.

dharohar

taraj, yaasye (turkistaan) tatha otaraar sarasabj (jalasthal) ko resham maarg ke mahatvapoorn vyaapaarik sthalon mein gina jaata hai. otaraar pratham shati se cheen aur Europe ke vyaapaar mein mahatvapoorn raha hai. iske alaave otaraar mein chaudahaveen sadi mein nirmit masjid bhi bahut prasiddh hai..

janavrutt

varsh 2008 ki janaganana ke mutaabik desh ki janasankhya 1,53,40,533 thi.

bhaasha

kaajaak bhaasha raajabhaasha hai. roosi bhaasha ko aadhikaarik darja praapt hai.

dharm

islaam tatha roosi isaai paaramparik dharm mukhya hain.

khaanapaan

kaajaak khaanon mein bred (paavaroti), soop tatha sabjiyon ka pramukh sthaan hai. noodals aksar ghode ka maans ke sausej khaae jaate hain. khaane mein maans ka bahut mahatvapoorn sthaan hai. bakare tatha gaaya ke maans ke alaave machhali ko banaane ke kai tareeke istemaal kiye jaate hain. pilaav (ya pulaav) khatta tatha meetha donon svaad mein maans ke saath khaaya jaata hai. iske alaava sookhe falon ka bhi istemaal kiya jaata hai. doodh tatha dahi jaise vyanjan bhi khaae jaate hain. peene mein chai bahut lokapriya hai. Bhaarat ki tarah hi log chai mein doodh ya neenboo milaate hain. pattiyon waali chai bina cheeni aur doodh ke bhi pasand ki jaati hai. sthaaneeya sharaab 'vodaka' bhi lokapriya hai.

vibhaag

inhein bhi dekhein