kajaakh log

cheen ke shinjiyaang praant mein ek kajaakh parivaar

kajaakh madhya Asia ke uttari bhaag mein basane waali ek Turkey-bhaashi jaati ka naam hai. kajaakhstaan ki adhikaaainsh aabaadi isi nasl ki hai, haalaaainki kajaakh samudaaya bahut se anya deshon mein bhi milte hain, jaise ki ujbekistaan, mangoliya, roos aur cheen ke shinjiyaang praant mein. vishv bhar mein 1.3 se lekar 1.5 karod kajaakh log hain aur inmein se adhiktar ki maatrubhaasha kajaakh bhaasha hai. kajaakh log bahut se praacheen Turkey jaatiyon ke vanshaj hain, jaise ki aragin, khjr, kaaraluk, kipchak aur kuman. maana jaata hai ki inmein kuchh had tak madhya Asia ki kuchh Irani bhaashaaeain bolne waali jaatiyaaain (jaise ki shak, skithaai aur saramati) bhi shaamil ho gayi. kajaakh log saaiberiya se lekar Krishna saagar tak faile hue the aur jab is kshetr mein Turkey-mangol logon ka raaj chala tab bhi ve madhya Asia mein hi base rahe.

anukram

naam ki utpatti

itihaasakaaron mein 'kajaakh' naam ke srot ko lekar matabhed hai. kuchh kehte hain ki yeh Turkey bhaashaaoain ke 'kj' shabd se aata hai jiska arth 'ghummakad' hai, kyonki kajaakh log stepi kshetr ke khaanaabadosh the. anya vidvaan kehte hain ki yeh mangol bhaasha ke 'khsak' shabd se aaya jo saamaan hilaane ke liye ek pahiye waali gaadi hoti hai aur jiska istemaal kajaakh log stepi par jagah se jagah jaate hue kiya karte the. teesari rai yeh hai ki yeh praacheen Turkey shabd 'kjgaak' se aaya hai, jiska arth hai 'batorana' ya 'milna', yaani 'kjgaak' vah vyakti hua jo apna faayda aur laabh dhoondhein.[1][2][3]

aanuvanshiki (jainaitik) jadein aur roop-rang

kajaakh log dekhne mein mangol dikhte hain lekin inmein halka Europeeya prabhaav bhi dikhta hai. inmein se adhiktar ke baal kaale aur aaainkhein khaaki hoti hain, haalaanki neeli-hari aaainkhon vaale aur laal-bhoore baalon vaale bhi kabhi-kabhi nazar aate hain. inka rang gora ya halka geinhuaa hota hai.

aanuvanshiki (jainaitik) najriye se 55% kajaakhon ka maatruvansh Asiaee hai, jismein maatruvansh samooh di, si, ji aur jaid 36.2% hain, A aur ऍf 6.9% hain aur anya Asiaee maatruvansh samooh 11.9% hain. 41% kajaakhon ka maatruvansh samooh pashchim yooreshiya se hai, jismein H (14.1%), ke (2.6%), J (3.6%), ti (5.5%), yu5 (3%) aur anya samooh (12.2%) shaamil hain.

dharm

kajaakh log adhiktar sunni islaam ke anuyaayi hote hain. bahut se kajaakh apne islaam se poorv ke dharm ke tatvon ko bhi apne jeevan mein sammilit karte hain. inmein nazar, tasbeeh aur ojhaaon (jinhein 'bakhsi' kaha jaata hai) ki prathaaeain shaamil hain.[4]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Olcott, Martha Brill, The Kazakhs, Hoover Press, 1995, p. 4, ISBN 978-0-8179-9351-1. Retrieved on 7 April 2009
  2. Grodekov, Nikolaĭ Ivanovich. Kirgizy i Karakirgizy Syr-Dar'inskoi oblasti, vol. 1, Tashkent: Iuridicheskii byt, 1889, p. 1
  3. Yudin, Veniamin P. Tsentralnaya Aziya v 14-18 vekah glazami vostokoveda, Almaty: Dajk-Press, 2001, ISBN 978-9965-441-39-4
  4. Mongolian music, dance, and oral narrative, Carole Pegg, University of Washington Press, 2001, ISBN 978-0-295-98030-0, ... Although Kazakhs in Bayan Olgii aimag were Muslim prior to the communist revolution, Kazakh shamans (baksy) cured illnesses by miming their journeys to the spirit world and accompanying themselves with a staff ...