kaithi

kaithi lipi ka print roop (19veen shataabdi ke madhya)
kaithi lipi ka hastalikhit roop

kaithi ek aitihaasik lipi hai jise madhyakaaleen Nepal aur Bhaarat mein pramukh roop se uttar-poorv aur uttar Bhaarat mein kaafi bruhat roop se prayog kiya jaata tha. khaaskar aaj ke uttar pradesh evam Bihar ke kshetron mein is lipi mein vaidhaanik evam prashaasanik kaarya kiye jaane ke bhi pramaan paaye jaate hain [1].. ise "kayathi" ya "kaayasthi", ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. poorvavarti uttar-pashchim praant, mithila, Bengal, udeesa aur avadh mein. iska prayog khaaskar nyaayik, prashaasanik evam niji aaainkadon ke sangrahan mein kiya jaata tha.

anukram

utpatti

'kaithi' ki utpatti 'kaayasth' shabd se hui hai jo ki uttar Bhaarat ka ek saamaajik samooh (hindu jaati) hai. inheen ke dvaara mukhya roop se vyaapaar sanbadhi byaura surakshit rakhane ke liye sabse pehle is lipi ka prayog kiya gaya tha. kaayasth samudaaya ka puraane rajavaadon evam british aupaniveshik shaasakon se kaafi najadeek ka rishta raha hai. ye unke yahaaain vibhinn prakaar ke aaainkadon ka prabandhan evam bhandaaran karne ke liye niyukt kiye jaate the. kaayasthon dvaara prayukt is lipi ko baad mein kaithi ke naam se jaana jaane laga.

itihaas

kaithi ek puraani lipi hai jiska prayog kam se kam 16 vi sadi me dhadlle se hota tha. mugal saltanat ke dauraan iska prayog kaafi vyaapak tha. 1880 ke dashak mein british raaj ke dauraan ise praacheen Bihar ke nyaayalayon mein aadhikaarik bhaasha ka darja diya gaya tha. ise khagadiya jile ke nyaayaalaya mein vaidhaanik lipi ka darja diya gaya tha.

kaithi ke vilop ka khatra

abhi bhi Bihar samet desh ke ut‍aatar poorvi raaj‍aayon mein is lipi mein likhe hajaaron abhilekh hain. samas‍aaya tab hoti hai jab in abhilekhon se sambandhit kaanooni adachanein aati hain. dainik jaagaran ke Patna sans‍aakaran mein nau September 2009 ko pej bees par bak‍aasar se chhapi kanchan kishor ki ek khabar ka sandarbh lein to is lipi ke jaankaar ab us jile mein keval do log bache hain. donon kaafi umr vaale hain. aise mein nikat bhavish‍aaya mein is lipi ko jaanane wala shaayad koi na bachega aur tak is lipi mein likhe bhoo-abhilekhon ka anuvaad aaj ki prachalit lipiyon mein karna kitna kathin hoga iska sahaj andaaja lagaaya ja sakta hai. bhaasha ke jaankaaron ke anusaar yahi sthiti sabhi jagah hai. aise mein jaroorat hai is lipi ke sanrakshan ki.

yoonikod

kaithi lipi ko san 2009 mein yoonikod maanak 5.2 mein shaamil kiya gaya. kaithi ka yoonikod mein sthaan U+11080 se U+110CF hai. is seema mein kuchh khaali sthaan bhi hai jinke code bindu nirdhaarit naheen kiye gaye hain.

yoonikod kaithi vivran
U+11080 (69760)