kaathamaandu

kaathmaandu mahanagar
yeain mahaanagarapaalika
kaantipur
Skyline of काठ्मांडु महानगर
काठ्मांडु महानगर is located in Nepal
kaathmaandu mahanagar
Coordinates: 27°a42′aN 85°a20′aE / 27.7°aN 85.333°aE / 27.7; 85.333
Country Nepal
Development Region Central
Zone Bagmati
District Kathmandu
Established 723 [1]
Government
- CEO Ankur Jung Rana[1]
kshetrafal
- sampoorn 50.67 km² (19.6 sq mi)
janasaङakhya (2001)
- sampoorn 671
samay mandal GMT +5:45 (UTC)
vebhasaait: http://www.kathmandu.gov.np/

Nepal ki rajdhani kaathamaandoo khoobsoorti aur shaanti ka anootha sangam hai. samudra tal se 1350 meter ki oonchaai par sthit yeh romantic shahar apni naaitalaaif ke liye bhi jaana jaata hai. kaathamaandoo Nepal ka sabse bada antarraashtreeya shahar hai jahaan sailaaniyon ko sabse jyaada aagaman hota hai. pahaadiyon se ghir is khoobsoorat shahar ko yoonesko ki vish‍aavadaaya dharoharon mein shaamil kiya gaya hai. yahaan ki rangeen sanskruti aur paranparaaon ke alaava vishisht shaili mein bane shaanadaar ghar sailaaniyon ko anaayaas hi apni aur aakarshik kar lete hain. yahaan ke shaanadaar mandir poori duniya mein apni alag pehchaan rakhate hain. saath hi yahaan ke praacheen baajaaron ki raunak bhi dekhte hi banti hai.

anukram

itihaas

solahaveen aur satrahaveen shataabdi mein kaathamaandoo mein mall raajaaon ka shaasan tha. gorakha raaja pruthvi Narayan shaah ne 1768 mein yahaan ki asthirta ko samaapt ise ekeekrut kiya. 1950 mein is shahar ki seemaaen videshi paryatakon ke liye kholi gain theen. tab se aaj tak sailaaniyon ke yahaan aane ka silsila jaari hai.

mukhya aakarshan

pashupatinaath mandir

pashupatinaath Nepal mein hinduon ka sabse pavitra teerthasthaan he. ise Varanasi ka chhota roop kaha ja sakta hai. yahaan par mandiron ki lambi shrrunkhala, shmashaan ghaat, dhaarmik s‍aanaan aur saadhuon ki toliyaan dekh sakte hain. Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit pashupatinaath mandir baagamati nadi ke kinaar bana hai. jis tarah Bhaarat mein ganga nadi ko shraddhaasvaroop maana jaata hai, usi prakaar Nepal mein baagamati ko pavitra maana jaata hai. is mandir ko Bhagwan Shiv ka ek ghar maana jaata hai. prativrsh hajaaron shraddhaalu yahaan darshanon ke liye aate hain.

ashok binaayak mandir

apni saadagi ke baavajood yeh mandir kaathamaandoo mein Bhagwan ganesh ka mukhya mandir hai. yeh kashtamandap ke peechhe sthit hai. yahaan hone vaale dhaarmik anushthaan raajyaabhishek samaaroh ka mahatvapoorn hissa hain is mandir ke baar mein maana jaata hai ki iski sthaapana gundakaam Dave ne 10veen shataabdi mein ki thi. lekin iska vartamaan dhaancha 19veen shataabdi ke madhya mein bana hai. ganesh ji ki paashaan pratima ashok ke vruksh ki svarn pratilipi ke neeche sthit hai. pehle ashok ka ped poor mandir ko gher hue tha aur isi ke naam par is mandir ka naam rakha gaya.

hanumaan dhoka

degootaale mandir aur taaletoo mandir ke beech ek khuli jagah hai jise hanumaan dhoka kaha jaata hai. iska naam hanumaan ji ke naam par rakha gaya tha jo mahal malla raaja apna isht Dave maanate the. 1672 mein prataap malla ke shaasak kaal ke dauraan hanumaan ji ki pratima dwaar ke saamane lagaai gayi thi taaki buri aatmaaen aur beemaariyaan pravesh na kar sakein. saikadon saal baad bhi yeh pratima apne roop ka prabhaav kaayam rakhe hue hai.

jagannaath mandir

jagannaath mandir hanumaan dhoka ke paas sthit hai. mandir mein pravesh ke teen dwaar hain. dvaaron, khidkiyon aur chhat par ki gayi lakdi ki nakkaashi is mandir ki shaan hai. kaheen-kaheen rati sambandhi chitr bhi dekhe ja sakte hain. mool roop se yeh mandir Bhagwan vishnu ko samarpit tha lekin baad mein ise Bhagwan jagannaath ko samarpit kiya gaya.

darbaar maarg

darbaar maarg ka nirmaan raana vansh ke shaasan kaal mein hue nagar vistaar ke dauraan kiya gaya tha. yeh kaathamaandoo paryatan ka mukhya kendra hai. yahaan par mahange hotel, restaurant, traival agencyan aur airlines office mil jaaenge. darbaar maarg jankshan ke beech mein poorv raaja Mahendra ki pratima lagi hui hai. iske alaava yahaan par bahut se praacheen mandir aur dhaarmik sthal hain jahaan par Nepal ki sanskruti ke darshan kiye ja sakte hain.

aakaash bharav mandir

durbhaagyavash yeh mandir paryatakon ke liye naheen khulata. yeh mandir bhairav ke ek roop ko samarpit hai jinhein keerti raaja yalanba maana jaata hai. anushrootiyon ke anusaar raaja yalanba mahaabhaarat ke yuddh mein bhaag lene ke liye Bhaarat aae the. jab Bhagwan Krishna ki najar un par padi to Krishna ne unase poochha ki ve kiski or se ladna chaahate hain. raaja ne kaha ki ve haarne vaalon ki tarah se ladeinge. yeh sunakar Krishna ne unki gardan kaat di jo kaathamaandu aakar giri. yahaan raaja yalanba ko aakaash bhairav ke roop mein pooja jaata hai. prativrsh yahaan indra jaatra utsav manaaya jaata hai. mandir ke bhootal mein bahut saari chhoti-chhoti dukaanein bhi hain jinke saamane kuli aur rikshe vaale mil jaaenge.

raashtreeya sangrahaalaya

svayanbhoonaath ki pahaadiyon ke raaste mein sthit raashtreeya sangrahaalaya kaathamaandoo ke logon aur paryatakon ke beech bahut lokapriya hai. yahaan par puraani kalaakrutiyon ke alaava nivartamaan raajaaon ke smrutichihnon aur haal hi mein istemaal kiye gaye hathiyaaron ko pradarshit kiya gaya hai. is sangrahaalaya mein aane wala darshak yahaan aakar jaane paate hain ki puraane samay mein Nepal par raaj karne ke liye kaise yuddh kiye gaye aur baad mein angrejon se bachaane ke liye kis prakaar ki ladaaiyaan ladi gayi. iske alaava sangrahaalaya mein puraani pratimaaen, tasveerein aur Wall peintings bhi dekhi ja sakti hain. yahaan par gudiyon aur sikkon ka sangrah bhi dekha ja sakta hai. inmein se kuchh sikke to isa poorv doosari shataabdi ke hain.

svayanbhoonaath

vish‍aav dharohar mein shaamil svayanbhoo vish‍aav ke sabse bhavya bauddh sthalon mein se ek hai. iska sambandh kaathamaandoo ghaati ke nirmaan se joda jaata hai. kaathamaandoo se teen kimi. pashchim mein ghaati se 77 mi. ki oonchaai par sthit hai svayanbhoo. iske chaaron or bani aankhon ke baar mein maana jaata hai ki ye Gautam buddh ki hain jo chaaron dishaaon mein dekh rahi hain.

bauddhanaath

kaathamaandu se 6 kimi. poorv mein sthit bauddhanaath duniya ke sabse bade stoopon mein se ek hai. yeh vish‍aav dharohar mein shaamil hai. is stoop ke baar mein maana jaata hai ki jab iska nirmaan kiya ja raha tha, tab ilaake mein bhayankar akaal pada tha. isliye paani ke milne ke kaaran os ki boondon se iska nirmaan kiya gaya. stoop 36 meter ooncha hai aur stoop kala ka sundar udaaharan prastut karta hai.

paadatippani

  1. a aa "Census Nepal 2001". http://www.kathmandu.gov.np/cityatglance/index.html. abhigman tithi: July 13 2007. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Citydata" defined multiple times with different content

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