kaaryapaalika

kaaryapaalika

sangheeya kaaryapaalika mein raash‍aatrapa‍aati, up raash‍aatrapati aur raash‍aatrapati ko sahaayata karne evam salaah dene ke liye adh‍aayaksh ke roop mein pradhaanamantri ke saath mantriprishd shaamil hain.

raash‍aatrapati raash‍aatrapati ka chunaav nirvaachika ke sadas‍aayon dvaara kiya jaata hai jismein sansad ke donon sadanon ke chayanit sadas‍aaya, samaanupaatik pratinidhit‍aav pranaali ke anusaar raaj‍aayon mein vidhaan sabha ke sadas‍aayon ke dvaara ekal antaraneeya mat mein dvaara hota hai. raaj‍aayon ke beech paras‍aapar ekaroopata laane ke liye tatha sam‍aapoorn roop se raaj‍aayon aur kendra ke beech sangatata laane ke liye prat‍aayek mat ko uchit mahat‍aav diya jaata hai. raash‍aatrapati ko Bhaarat ka naagrik hona aavash‍aayak hai, unki aayu 35 varsh se kam na ho aur vah lok sabha ke sadas‍aaya ke roop mein chune jaane ke yog‍aaya ho. unke kaarya ki avadhi paanch varsh ki hoti hai aur vah punarnivaachan ke liye paatr hota hai. un‍aahein pad se hataane ki prakriya samvidhaan ki dhaara 61 mein nirdhaarit prakriya ke anusaar hoti hai. vah apne haath se up-raash‍aatrapati ko apne pad se is‍aateefa dene ke liye sambodhan karte hue patra likh sakte hain.

kendra ki kaaryapaalika shakti raash‍aatrapati ko praap‍aat hai aur uske dvaara prat‍aayaksh roop se ya uske adheen adhikaariyon ke jariye samvidhaan ke anusaar adhikaar ka prayog kiya. sangh ke raksh balon ka sarvoch‍aach shaasan bhi usi ka hota hai. raash‍aatrapati satraavasaan ka aahavaan karta, sambodhit karta hai, sansad ko sandesh bhejata aur Loksabha bhang karta hai, kisi bhi samay adh‍aayaadesh jaari karta jaise samay ko chhodkar jab sansad ke donon sadanon mein satr chal raha ho, vit‍aateeya aur dhan vidheyak laane ki sifaarish karne, praanadand s‍aathagit karne, saja ko kam karne ya kshama karne ya nilmbit karne evam kuchh maamalon mein sajaaon ko maaf karne ya roopaatanran ka kaarya karta hai. jab raaj‍aaya mein samvaidhaanik machinery vifal ho jaati hai vah raaj‍aaya sarkaar ke sabhi ya kuchh kaaryon ko apne oopar le leta hai. yadi use lagta hai ki gambhir emarjen‍aasi ut‍aapan‍aan hui hai to vah desh mein emarjen‍aasi ki ghoshana kar sakta hai jiske dvaara Bhaarat ya iske kisi kisi kshetr ki suraksha ko khatra hota hai yeh ya to yuddh ke dvaara ya baahya aakraman ya hathiyaarband vidroh ke dvaara hota hai.

up raash‍aatrapati

up raash‍aatrapati ka chunaav nirvaachika ke sadas‍aayon dvaara hota hai jismein ekal has‍aataantareeya mat dvaara samaanupaatik pratinidhit‍aav pranaali ke anusaar sansad ke donon sadanon ke sadas‍aaya hote hain. vah Bhaarat ka naagrik ho usaki aayu 35 varsh se kam na ho aur raaj‍aaya sabha ke sadas‍aaya ke roop mein chunaav ke liye paatrata rakhata ho. uske pad ki avadhi paanch varsh ki hoti hai aur vah punanirvaachan ka paatr hota hai. anuch‍aachhed 67 kh mein nirdhaarit prakriya ke anusaar ise pad se hataaya jaata hai.

up raash‍aatrapati raaj‍aaya sabha ka paden sabhaapati hota hai aur jab beemaari ya kisi an‍aaya kaaran se ya nae raash‍aatrapati ke chunaav hone tak yeh chhah maah ke bheetar kiya jaata hai yadi yeh rikti mrut‍aayu ke kaaran hoti hai, raash‍aatrapati ke is‍aateefa dene ya an‍aayatha pad se hataae jaane ke kaaran hoti hai. raash‍aatrapati ke anupasthit rahane ke kaaran apne kaaryon ka nish‍aapaadan karne mein asamarth hota hai tab raash‍aatrapati ke roop mein kaarya karta hai.

mantri parishad

raash‍aatrapati ko unke kaaryon mein sahaayata karne aur salaah dene ke liye pradhaanamantri ke netrut‍aav mein mantri parishad hoti hai. pradhaanamantri ki niyukti raash‍aatrapati dvaara ki jaati hai vah mantri ki salaah par an‍aaya mantriyon ki bhi niyukti karta hai. parishad saamoohik roop se lok sabha ke prati ut‍aataradayi hoti hai. sangh ke prashaasan ya kaarya aur unase sambandhit vidhaanon aur soochanaaon ke pras‍aataavon se sambandhit mantriprishd ke sabhi nirnayon ki soochana raash‍aatrapati ko dena pradhaanamantri ka kartav‍aaya hain.

mantri parishad mein mantriprishd ke mantri, raaj‍aaya mantri (s‍aavatantr prabhaar), raaj‍aaya mantri aur up mantri hote hain