kaartikeya

kaartikeya
राजा रवि वर्मा द्वारा बनाया कार्तिकेय (मुरुगन) का चित्र
raaja ravi varma dvaara banaaya kaartikeya (murugan) ka chitr
yuddh aur vijay ke devata, devataaon ke senaapati
tamil மaaுaaரaaுaaகaaனaa்
sahabaddhata hindu Dave
shastr dhanush, bhaala
vaahan mor

kaartikeya ya murugan (tamil: மaaுaaரaaுaaகaaனaa்), ek lokapriya hindu Dave hain aur inke adhiktar bhakt tamil hindu hain. inki pooja mukhyat: Bhaarat ke dakshini raajyon aur visheshakar tamil naadu mein ki jaati hai iske atirikt vishv mein jahaaain kaheen bhi tamil nivaasi/pravaasi rahate hain jaise ki Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore aadi mein bhi yeh pooje jaate hain. inke chh: sabse prasiddh mandir tamil naadu mein sthit hain. tamil inhein tameej kaaduvul yaani ki tamilon ke devata kah kar sambodhit karte hain. yeh Bhaarat ke tamil naadu raajya ke rakshak Dave bhi hain.

kaartikeya ji Bhagwan Shiv aur bhagavati paarvati ke putr hain tatha sadaiv baalak roop hi rahate hain. parantu unke is baalak svaroop ka bhi ek rahasya hai.

Bhagwan kaartikeya chh: baalakon ke roop mein janme the tatha inki dekhbhaal krutika (sapt rishi ki patniya) ne ki thi, iseeliye unhein kaartikeya dhaatru bhi kehte hain.

anukram

baalak svaroop se sambandhit katha

ek baar Bhagwan shankar ne maata paarvati ke saath dyut (juaa) khelne ki abhilaasha prakat ki. khel mein Bhagwan shankar apna sab kuchh haar gaye. haarne ke baad bholenaath apni leela ko rachate hue patto ke vastr pahanakar ganga ke tat par chale gaye. kaartikeya ji ko jab saari baat pata chali, to vah maata paarvati se samast vastueain vaapas lene aae. is baar khel mein paarvati ji haar gain tatha kaartikeya shankar ji ka saara saamaan lekar vaapas chale gaye. ab idhar paarvati bhi chintit ho gain ki saara saamaan bhi gaya tatha pati bhi door ho gaye. paarvati ji ne apni vyatha apne priya putr ganesh ko bataai to maatru bhakt ganesh ji swayam khel khelne shankar Bhagwan ke paas pahunche. ganesh ji jeet gaye tatha lautakar apni jeet ka samaachaar maata ko sunaaya. is par paarvati boleen ki unhein apne pita ko saath lekar aana chaahiye tha. ganesh ji fir bholenaath ki khoj karne nikal pade. bholenaath se unki bheint haridvaar mein hui. us samay bhole naath Bhagwan vishnu va kaartikeya ke saath bhraman kar rahe the. paarvati se naaraaj bholenaath ne lautane se mana kar diya. bholenaath ke bhakt raavan ne ganesh ji ke vaahan mooshak ko billi ka roop dhaaran karke dara diya. mooshak ganesh ji ko chhodkar bhaag gaye. idhar Bhagwan vishnu ne bholenaath ki ichha se paasa ka roop dhaaran kar liya tha. ganesh ji ne maata ke udaas hone ki baat bholenaath ko kah sunaai. is par bholenaath bole ki humne naya paasa banavaaya hai, agar tumhaari maata pun: khel khelne ko sahamat hon, to main vaapas chal sakta hoon.

ganesh ji ke aashvaasan par bholenaath vaapas paarvati ke paas pahunche tatha khel khelne ko kaha. is par paarvati hans padi va boleen 'abhi paas kya cheej hai, jisse khel khela jaae.' yeh sunakar bholenaath chup ho gaye. is par naarad ji ne apni veena aadi saamagri unhein di. is khel mein bholenaath har baar jeetne lage. ek do paase fainkane ke baad ganesh ji samajh gaye tatha unhonne Bhagwan vishnu ke paasa roop dhaaran karne ka rahasya maata paarvati ko bata diya. saari baat sunakar paarvati ji ko krodh aa gaya. raavan ne maata ko samajhaane ka prayaas kiya, par unka krodh shaant naheen hua tatha krodhavash unhonne bholenaath ko shraap de diya ki ganga ki dhaara ka bojh unke sir par rahega. naarad ji ko kabhi ek sthaan par na tikne ka abhishaap mila. Bhagwan vishnu ko shraap diya ki yahi raavan tumhaara shatru hoga tatha raavan ko shraap diya ki vishnu hi tumhaara vinaash kareinge. kaartikeya ko bhi maata paarvati ne kabhi javaan na hone ka shraap de diya.

is par sarvajan chintit ho uthe. tab naarad ji ne apni vinodapoorn baaton se maata ka krodh shaant kiya, to maata ne unhein varadaan maangane ko kaha. naarad ji bole ki aap sabhi ko varadaan dein, tabhi main varadaan loonga. paarvati ji sahamat ho gain. tab shankar ji ne kaartik shukl ke din jue mein vijayi rahane vaale ko varsh bhar vijayi banaane ka varadaan maanga. Bhagwan vishnu ne apne pratyek chhote- bade kaarya mein safalta ka var maanga, parantu kaartikeya ji ne sada baalak rahane ka hi var maanga tatha kaha, 'mujhe vishay vaasana ka sansarg na ho tatha sada bhagavat smaran mein leen rahoon.' ant mein naarad ji ne devarshi hone ka varadaan maanga. maata paarvati ne raavan ko samast vedon ki suvistrut vyaakhya dete hue sabke liye tathaastu kaha.

vividh

  • shanmukh, dvibhuj, shaktighr, mayooraaseen devasenaapati Kumar kaartik ki aaraadhana dakshin Bhaarat mein bahut prachalit hain ye brahmaputri devasena-shashti devi ke pati hone ke kaaran santaan praapti ki kaamna se to pooje hi jaate hain, inko naishthik roop se aaraadhya maanane wala sampradaaya bhi hai.
  • taarakaasur ke atyaachaar se peedit devataaon par prasann hokar Bhagwan shankar ne paarvati ji ka paanigrahan kiya. Bhagwan shankar bhole Baba thahare. uma ke prem mein ve ekaantanishth ho gaye. agnidev surakaarya ka smaran karaane vahaaain ujjval kapot vesh se pahuainche. un amogh veerya ka retas dhaaran kaun kare? bhoomi, agni, gangaadevi sab kramash: use dhaaran karne mein asamarth raheen. ant mein sharavan (kaas-van) mein vah nikshipt hokar tejomaya baalak bana. kruttikaaon ne use apna putr banaana chaaha. baalak ne chh: mukh dhaaran kar chhahon kruttikaaon ka stanapaan kiya. usi se shanmukh kaartikeya hua vah shambhuputr. devataaon ne apna senaapatitv unhein pradaan kiya. taarakaasur unke haathon maara gaya.
  • skand puraan ke mool upadeshta Kumar kaartikeya (skand) hi hain. samast bhaarateeya teerthon ka usamein maahaatmya aa gaya hai. puraanon mein yeh sabse vishaal hai.
  • svaami kaartikeya senaadhip hain. sainyashakti ki pratishtha, vijay, vyavastha, anushaasan inki krupa se sampann hota hai. ye is shakti ke adhidev hain. dhanurved pad inki ek sanhita ka naam milta hai, par granth praapya naheen hai.

kaartikeya ke naam

sanskrut granth amarakosh ke anusaar kaartikeya ke nimn naam hain:

  • 1. kaartikeya
  • 2. mahaasen
  • 3. sharajanma
  • 4. shadaanan
  • 5. paarvateenandan
  • 6. skand
  • 7. senaani
  • 8. agnibhoo
  • 9. guh
  • 10. baahuleya
  • 11. taarakajit
  • 12. vishaakh
  • 13. shikhivaahan
  • 14. shaktishvar
  • 15. Kumar
  • 16. kraunyachadaaran

parivaar

pita - Bhagwan Shiv
maata - bhagavati paarvati
bhaai - ganesh (chhote bhaai)
bahan - ashok sundari
patni - devasena (kumaari)
vaahan - mor (sanskrut - shikhi)




baalapan mein inki dekhbhaal krutika (saptarshi ki patniyaaain) ne ki thi.