kaarl leeniys

kaarl leeniys (kaarl vaun line)

kaarl vaun line, alekjeindar rauslin, dvaara 1775 me banaaya gaya aajkal 'royal sveedish ekedami of science me pradarshit hai.
janm 13 May 1707 ([1])
raushult, elmahult, sveedan
mrutyu January 10, 1778(1778-01-10) (umr 70)
upsaala, sveedan
aavaas sveedan
kshetr jeev vigyaan, chikitsa, vanaspati vigyaan
shiksha lund vishvavidyaalaya
upsaala vishvavidyaalaya
hardervik vishvavidyaalaya
prasiddhi vargiki
paaristhitiki
vanaspati vigyaan
lekhak laghunaam (vanaspativijnyaaan) L.
hastaakshar

kaarl leeniys (laitin: Carolus Linnaeus) ya kaarl vaun line (23 May 1707 - 10 January 1778) ek sveedish vanaspatishaastri, chikitsak aur jeev vigyaani the, jinhone dvipd naamakaran ki aadhunik avadhaarana ki neenv rakhi thi. inhein aadhunik vargiki (vargeekaran) ke pita ke roop mein jaana jaata hai saath hi yeh aadhunik paaristhitiki ke pranetaaon me se bhi ek hain.

leeniys ka janm dakshin sveedan ke graameen ilaake smaalaind mein hua tha. unke pita unke poorvajon mein pehle vyakti the jinhone ek sthaayi antim naam ko apnaaya tha, uske pehle inke poorvaj skaindineviyaai deshon me prachalit pitrunaam pranaali ka istemaal kiya karte the. unke pita ne inke paarivaarik firm par lage ek ek vishaal 'linden' ped ke laitin naam par aadhaarit apna antim naam leeniys apnaaya tha. 1717 mein inhonne vaiksjo shahar se apni aaranbhik shiksha li aur 1724 mein jimnejiym saadhaaran ankon se utteern kiya. unke vanaspati vigyaan mein utsaah ne ek sthaaneeya chikitsak ko aakarshit kiya, jise laga, ki is baalak mein ukt vishay ki pratibha hai. unki sifaarish par kaarl ke pita ne unhein niktanam vishvavidyaalaya, lund vishvavidyaalaya bheja. kaarl ne vahaan adhyayan ke saath hi vahaan ke upekshit jeevavijnyaaan udyaan ko bhi sudhaara. tab unhein upasaala vishvavidyaalaya jaane ki prerana mili. kaarl ne ek hi varsh baad upasaala ke liye prasthaan kiya.[2]

inki pustak sistema nechuri ka pehla sanskaran Netherland mein prakaashit hua.

upasaala mein inka samay aarthik tangi mein gujara, jab tak ye ek prasiddh vaigyaanik olof celcius se naheen mile. olof khagolajnya aindars celcius ka bhateeja tha. aindars celcius vahi the, jihonne tharmaameetar ka aavishkaar kiya tha aur taapamaan skel ko unhin ka naam diya gaya tha. celcius kaarl ke gyaan evam vanaspati sangrah se pahut prabhaavit hue, tatha unhein aavaas tatha khaane ki suvidha ka prastaav diya. ab kaarl ke din sudhare.[2] leeniys ne upsaala vishvavidyaalaya se apni uchch shiksha grahan ki thi aur 1730 mein vo vahaaain par vanaspati vigyaan ke vyaakhyaan dene lage the. unhonne 1735-1738 ke beech videsh pravaas kiya jahaaain unhone aage ki padhaai jaari rakhi saath hi inki pustak sistema nechuri ka pehla sanskaran 1735 mein Netherland mein prakaashit hua. yeh pustak pratham sanskaran mein maatr gyaarah prushthon ki thi. ismein dasham sanskaran (1758) tak pahunchate hue 4400 se adhik jantuon ki prajaatiyon evam 7700 se adhik paadapon ki prajaatiyon ka vargeekaran kiya gaya tha.

sveedan sarkaar ne ek 10 kronar ka not jispar liniys ka chitr hai.

uske baad yeh vaapas sveedan chale aaye aur upsaala vishvavidyaalaya mein vanaspati vigyaan ke professor ban gaye. 1740 ke dashak me inhein sveedan dvaara jeevon aur paadapon ki khoj aur vargeekaran ke liye kai yaatraaon par bheja gaya. 1750 aur 1760 ke dashakon mein, unhone apna jeevon aur paadapon aur khanijon ki khoj aur vargeekaran ka kaam jaari rakha aur is sambandh me kai pustake bhi prakaashit keen. apni mrutyu ke samay leeniys Europe ke sabse prashansit vaigyaaniko me se ek the. inke maranoparaant sveedan sarkaar ne ek 10 kronar ka not nikaala, jis par liniys ka ek rekhaachitr ankit tha[3], jiske prushthabhoomi mein upsaala vishvavidyaalaya ka drushya tha.[4]


sandarbh

  1. "kaarl liniyr ka janm raashalt, smaatalaind mein 1707, mein 13 May ko (puraatan shaili anusaar) ya 23 May (vartamaan shaili anusaar) hua tha." uddharan: leeniys- the child by upsala vishvavidyaal. "puraatan shaili" jo uddhrut paath mein bataai hui hai vah sveedish calendar se hai.
  2. a aa britainika vishvakosh, gyaarahavaan sanskaran, lekh liniys. seedhi kadi:ke liye dekhein, abhigman 1 September.
  3. kaarl leeniys, 100 kronar ke sveedish bank not par
  4. angreji viki ke en:Swedish krona#Banknotes. sveedish kronar lekh mein dekhein, 100 kronar ke not par liniys ka chitr.

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