kaahira

kaahira
اaaلaaقaaـaaـaaـaaاaaهaaـaaـaaرaaة

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misr: kaahira ka sthal
nirdeshaank : 30°a03′aN 31°a22′aE / 30.05°aN 31.367°aE / 30.05; 31.367
shaasan
• raajyapaal dau॰aaabdul ajeem vajeer
kshetr
• City 296
janasankhya (2006[1][2])
• City 6
• ghanatv 3,158
nagareeya 11
nagareeya 16
jaalasthal www.cairo.gov.eg

kaahira ek shahar ka naam hai. neel nadi ke kiraane basa kaahira Africa mahaadveep ka sabse bada nagar hai. apne 3000 saalon ke itihaas mein yeh vibhinn misr shaasakon ke raajya ki rajdhani raha. british kaal mein bhi iska mahatva barkaraar raha. misr ki rajdhani kaahira aaj audyogikeekaran ka prateet hai. yeh misr ki raajaneeti, arthavyavastha aur saanskootik gatividhiyon ka kendra va pramukh paryatan kendra hai.

yahaan ke piraamid to vish‍aav prasiddh hain hi, yahaan ke sangrahaalayon aur masjidon mein misr ki sanskruti ke darshan hote hain. yahaan ke kuchh pramukh jagahon ka jikr kiya jaae to ye naam saamane aate hain:

anukram

paryatan sthal

sfinks

misr ke sabhi smaarakon mein sfinks sabse adbhut aur sabse daraavana hai. greek dantakathaaon mein ek aise jeev ka ullekh milta hai jiska sir aurat ka aur shareer Singh ka tha. usi jeev se samaanata ke kaaran is sthaan ka naam sfinks pada. arab ke log is sthaan ko abu al-hol yaani dar ka pita ke naam se pukaarate hain. geeja ke piraamidon ke saamane bana sfinks 22 meter ooncha aur 50 meter lamba hai. iski naak aur daadhi memeeluk samooh dvaara kshatigrast kar di gayi thi. ve log sfinks ka prayog nishaanebaaji ke prashikshan ke liye karte the. paryatak is smaarak ke oopar naheen chadh sakte lekin yahaan ek sthaan banaaya gaya hai jahaan se chaaron or dekha ja sakta hai. samay: subah 8.30 baje se shaam 4.30 baje tak

piraamid of chiops

yeh gija pathaar par sthit piraamidon mein se sabse bada aur sabse puraana hai. iska nirmaan chauthe fairo vansh khufu, jinhein chiops ke naam se jaana jaata hai, ne isa poorv 2570 shataabdi mein karaaya tha. 140 meter oonchein is smaarak ko kis uddeshya se banaaya gaya tha, is baar mein matabhed hai. kuchh ka maanana hai ki yahaan fairo aur unki begam ko dafnaaya gaya tha jabki kuchh ka maanana hai ki iska prayog jyotish yantr ke roop mein hota tha. aaj is par chadhna mana hai lekin iske andar ja sakte hain. gija pathaar mein pravesh ke liye pravesh shulk dena padta hai. alag-alag piraamidon ke andar jaane ke liye atirikt ticket leni hoti hai. samay: subah 8.30 baje se shaam 4.30 baje tak

kaahira tower

jamaal abdel nassar ke raashtrapati kaal mein soviyt sahaayata se bani yeh imaarat kaahira ki shaan hai. 187 meter oonchi is imaarat se kaahira shahar ka khoobsoorat najaara dekha ja sakta hai. yahaan par teliskop ki suvidha bhi upalabdh hai. samay: sardiyon mein subah 9 baje se aadhi raat tak, garmiyon mein subah 9 baje se raat 1 baje tak

sultaan hasan masjid aur madarasa

yeh kaahira ki sabse pramukh masjid hai. iska nirmaan 1356 mein sultaan hasan bin mohammad bin kuaalon ne karavaaya tha. yeh sirf masjid hi naheen hai balki sunni musalmaanon ke liye yahaan madarasa bhi shuru kiya gaya tha. is masjid ke nirmaan ke dauraan ki ek haadasa hua tha jismein masjid ki ek meenaar girne se 300 logon ki jaan chali gayi thi. yahaan aane ke liye pravesh shulk dena padta hai. samay: subah 9 baje se shaam 6 baje tak

sakkaara ka seedheenuma piraamid

is piraamid ka design truteeya vansh ke faraao josar ke mukhya vaastukaar imhotep ne banaaya tha. is chh: manjila imaarat ke andar misr ke shaasakon ko dafnaaya jaata tha. baad mein is jagah ka prayog shaasak geeja aur aaspaas ki jagahon ko dekhne ke liye karne lage. ise pehla piraamid bhi maana jaata hai. yahaan par ek hall aur great south court hai. piraamid mein pravesh ke liye vishesh anumati ki aavashyakta hoti hai. samay: subah 8 baje se shaam 5 baje tak

gaayar-Anderson sangrahaalaya

is sangrahaalaya ke do bhaag hain jinka nirmaan kramash: 1540 aur 1632 mein hua tha. 1930 mein ek sevaanivrutt british sena ke major ne in donon bhaagon ko khareed liya aur yahaan poorv ke furniture aur kalaakrutiyon ka sangrah pradarshit kiya. is sangrahaalaya mein aap sangamaramar ke khoobsoorat favvaar, Dirk vud furniture aur Turkey ke aaraamadaayak takiyon ko dekh sakte hain.

sitaadel

sitaadel misr ke pramukh aakarshanon mein se ek hai. iska nirmaan sala al-din ne 12veen shataabdi mein karavaaya tha. iska sambandh 19veen shataabdi ke neta mohammad Ali se bhi joda jaata hai jinhonne misr ko maimeeluk se mukt karaaya tha. inke baare mein prachalit kahaaniyon ke anusaar mohammad Ali ne 740 memeeluk ko bhoj par aamantrit kiya aur ek sankari surang mein unhein kaid kar liya. sirf ek memeeluk unki kaid se bhaagane mein safal raha. sitaadel parisar ke mukhya aakarshan hain: al-gohaara mahal, mohammad Ali masjid, police sangrahaalaya, sultaal al-naseer masjid, sena sangrahaalaya, kairij myoojiym, suleman paasha masjid aur Bob al-ajaab. samay: subah 8 baje se shaam 5 baje tak

saint baarabara church

684 isavi mein bane is church ka nirmaan ek ameer lekhak athanaasius ne karavaaya tha. mool roop se yeh church abu keer aur yohaanna ko samarpit hai. jab sant baarabara (nikomediya ki yuvati theen jinhein unke pita ne peet peetakar isliye maar diya kyonki ve isaai dharm kabool karna chaahati theen) ke avasheshon ko yahaan laaya gaya tab unke liye alag se sthaan banaaya gaya. ab yahaan do church hain. yahaan par sant Cathrine ke avashesh bhi surakshit rakhe gaye hain. yahaan aane ke liye shaaleen vastr pahanein. samay: subah 9 baje se shaam 4.30 tak

sandarbh

  1. Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Population and Housing Census 2006, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex (excel-file) Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on the 17th of April 2008 from a.o. parts of the Cairo governorate.
  2. Arab Republic of Egypt, Towards an Urban Sector Strategy p.33 Table 3.3