jyoti Basu

jyoti Basu
জaa্aaযaaোaaতaaি বaaসaaু
ज्योति बसु

jyoti Basu


pan॰ Bengal ke mukhyamantri
kaaryakaal
21 June 1977 –6 November 2000
poorv adhikaari siddhaarth shankar re
uttaraadhikaari buddhadev Bhattacharya

janm 8 July 1914
Calcutta, Bengal, british India
mrutyu 17 January 2010
Kolkata, pashchim Bengal, Bhaarat
raajanaitik party bhaarateeya communist party (maarksavaadi)
aavaas Kolkata, pashchim Bengal, Bhaarat
dharm naastik
website www.cpim.org
As of 27 January, 2007
Source: bhaarateeya communist party (maarksavaadi)

jyoti Basu (bangala : জaa্aaযaaোaaতaaি বaaসaaু) (8 July 1914 - 17 January 2010) bhaarateeya communist party (maarksavaadi) ke jaanemaane raajaneta the. ve san 1977 se lekar 2000 tak pashchim Bengal raajya ke mukhyamantri rahakar Bhaarat ke sabse lambe samay tak mukhyamantri bane rahane ka keertimaan sthaapit kiye. ve san 1964 se san 2008 tak CPM paulit bureau ke sadasya rahe.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

jyoti Basu 8 July 1914 ko Calcutta ke ek uchch madhyam varg bangaali parivaar mein jyoti kiran Basu ke roop mein paida hue. unke pita nishikaant Basu, dhaaka jila, poorvi Bengal (ab Bangladesh mein) ke baardi gaanv mein ek Doctor the, jabki unki maan hemalata Basu ek gruhini thi. Basu ki schooli shiksha 1920 mein dharamatala, Calcutta (ab Kolkata) ke loreto school mein shuroo hui, jahaan unke pita ne unka naam chhota kar jyoti Basu kar diya. 1925 mein seint Xavier school mein jaane se pehle Basu ne snaatak shiksha hindu college (1855 mein preseedeinsi college ke roop mein tabdeel) mein vishishth angreji mein poori ki. 1935 mein Basu kaanoon ke uchch adhyayan ke liye England ravaana ho gaye, jahaan great Britain ki communist party ke sampark mein aane ke baad raajanaitik kshetr mein unhonne kadam rakha. yahaan naamacheen vaamapanthi daarshanik aur lekhak Rajni paam datt se prerit hue. 1940 mein Basu ne apni shiksha poorn ki aur bairistar ke roop mein middle teinpal se praatrata haasil ki. isi saal ve Bhaarat laut aae. jab CPI ne 1944 mein inhein railway karmachaariyon ke beech kaam karne ke liye kaha to Basu trade union ki gatividhiyon mein sanlagn hue. bi.N. railway karmachaari sangh aur bi.di rel road karmachaari sangh ke vilay hone ke baad Basu sangh ke mahaasachiv bane.

baad ka raajanaitik jeevan

Basu 1946 mein railway nirvaachan kshetr se chunaav ladte hue Bengal vidhaan sabha ke liye chune gaye. unhonne dau॰ bidhaan chandra Roy ke pashchim Bengal ke mukhyamantri rahate hue lambe samay ke liye vipaksh ke neta ke roop mein kaarya kiya. Basu ne ek vidhaayak aur vipaksh ke neta ke roop mein apne saraahaneeya kaarya se dau॰ bi.si Roy ka dhyaan aakarshit kiya aur unhein unka bharpoor sneh mila, bhale hi Basu dau॰ rai dvaara chalaai ja rahi neetiyon ke khilaaf the. jyoti Basu ne raajya sarkaar ke khilaaf ek aur ek ke baad ek aandolan ka netrutv kiya aur ek neta ke roop mein vishesh roop se chhaatron aur yuvakon ke beech gahari lokapriyta arjit ki. 1964 mein jab bhaarateeya communist party ka vibhaajan ho gaya to Basu nae Bhaarat ki communist party (maarksavaadi) ke polit bureau ke pehle nau sadasyon mein se ek bane. 1967 aur 1969 mein Basu ke pashchim Bengal ke sanyukt morche ki sarkaaron mein up mukhyamantri bane. 1967 mein Congress sarkaar ki haar ke baad Ajay mukhopaadhyaaya ke mukhyamantritv waali sarkaar mein upamukhyamantri bane. 1972 mein Congress pashchim Bengal mein vaapas satta par laut I. jyoti Basu baaraanagar vidhaanasabha kshetr se chunaav haar gaye aur chunaav ke dauraan abhootapoorv heraaferi ki shikaayat darj karaai. unki party CPI (M) ne 1977 mein nae sire se chunaav hone tak vidhaanasabha ke bahishkaar ka faisala kiya.

21 June 1977 se 6 November 2000 tak Basu pashchim Bengal mein vaam morcha sarkaar ke mukhyamantri ke roop mein kaarya kiya. 1996 mein jyoti Basu Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri pad ke liye sanyukt morcha ke netaaon ke sarvasammati ummeedavaar bante dikhaai pad rahe the, lekin CPI (M) polit bureau ne sarkaar mein shaamil naheen hone ka faisala kiya, jise baad mein jyoti Basu ne ek aitihaasik bhool karaar diya. Basu ne pashchim Bengal ke mukhyamantri pad se 2000 mein svaasthyagat kaaranon se isteefa de diya aur saathi CPI (M) neta buddhadev Bhattacharya ko uttaraadhikaari ke roop mein niyukt kiya. Basu sabse lambe samay tak bhaarateeya raajaneetik itihaas mein mukhyamantri ke taur par seva ke liye jaane jaaenge.

kuchh din se beemaar chal rahe jyoti Basu ka 17 January 2010 ko aspataal mein nidhan ho gaya.

jyoti babu ki jeevanayaatra

jyoti da ne 2000 mein hi sakriya raajaneeti se sannyaas le liya tha lekin iske baavajood vah Bhaarat mein communist aandolan ke pathapradarshak bane rahe.

unke jeevan se judi kuchh pramukh ghatnaaen :-

- 8 July 1914 mein Calcutta [ab Kolkata] mein janm.

-presidesi college se angreji vishay mein pratishtha ke saath snaatak ki degree. London se kaanoon ki padhaai ki. vaheen maa‌aarksavaad ka 'kakahara' seekha aur saarvajanik jeevan se jude.

-1940 mein Bhaarat vaapasi ke saath hi bhaarateeya communist party [bhaakapa] se jud gaye.

-1944 mein vah Bengal railway kaamagaar sangh ke padaadhikaari bane.

-1946 mein Bengal vidhaanasabha ke liye chune gaye. unhonne Congress ke humaayoon kabeer ko paraajit kiya.

-iske baad 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967, 1969 aur 1971 mein vah badaanagar vidhaanasabha se chune jaate rahe. is dauraan vah 1972 mein vidhaanasabha chunaav bhi haare.

-varsh 1964 mein maa‌aarksavaadi communist party [maakapa] ki sthaapana hui. vah iske sansthaapakon mein rahe.

-varsh 1967 mein vah Bengal ki gathabandhan sarkaar mein upamukhyamantri bane.

-21 June 1977 ko vah pashchim Bengal ke mukhyamantri bane. vah chhah November 2000 tak pashchim Bengal ki vaam morche ki sarkaar ke mukhiya bane rahe.

-1996 mein vah desh ke pradhaanamantri bante-bante rah gaye. unki paar“ai ki sarvochch neeti nirdhaarak sanstha ka faisala unke pradhaanamantri banane ke raaste mein aade aaya. baad mein jyoti babu ne party ke is faisale ko aitihaasik galati karaar diya.

-varsh 2000 mein unhonne bigdte svaasthya ke kaaran mukhyamantri ka pad chhoda aur fir sakriya raajaneeti se sannyaas ki ghoshana ki.

-varsh 2004 mein kendra mein kaangresaneet sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan [samprag] ki sarkaar ko vaamapanthi dalon ki or se diye gaye samarthan mein unhonne pramukh bhoomika nibhaai.

baahari kadiyaaain