jyoorikh

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joorik ya jyoorikh (jarman: Züarich tsurikh) svitjralaind ka sabse bada shahar hai. saath hi yeh shahar svitjralaind ki rajdhani bhi hai. yeh shahar svitjralaind ka vyavasaaya evam sanskruti ka mukhya kendra hai aur ise duniya ke global shaharon mein se ek maana jaata hai. 2006 evam 2007 mein hue kai sarvon ke anusaar ise sabse behatareen jeevan gunavatta ka shahar maana gaya hai.

yeh svitsaralaind ke joorik upamandal ki rajdhani tatha is desh ka sarvapramukh audyogik, vyaapaarik, shailpik aur bankon ke vyaapaar ka nagar hai. yeh svitsaralaind ka sabse ghana aur ramaneek nagar hai. iska adhikaansh bhaag jheel ko sukhaakar banaaya gaya hai. praacheen bhaag ab bhi saghan hai, lekin nae bhaag mein chaudi sadkein tatha sundar bhavan hain. limmat nadi is nagar ko do bhaagon mein baaaintati hai, laghu nagar evam bruhat‌ nagar. ye donon bhaag 11 pulon dvaara ek doosare se sambaddh hain. jheel ke sameep asankhya balli aavaasagruh hain.

yahaaain kai praacheen bhavan darshaneeya hain, jinmein sabse sundar graas moonstar ya praapasti girjaaghar limmat nadi ke daaeain kinaare par hai. is girjaaghar ki deevaaron par 24 laukik dharmaniym likhe hain. iske sameep hi baalikaaon ka vidyaalaya hai, jahaaain 12veen aur 13veen shataabdi ke roman vaastukala ke avashesh hain. limmat ke baaeain kinaare par joorik ka doosra bada girjaaghar fraaoo moostar (aabti) 12veen shataabdi ka hai. seint Peter girjaaghar sabse puraana hai. inke atirikt aur kai girjaaghar hain. central pustakaalaya mein 1916 io mein saat lakh pustakein theen, jahaaain prasiddh samaajasudhaarak tatha upadeshak jvingali, burligr, ledi jen aur sheelar aadi ke patra bhi surakshit hain. yahaaain praacheen abhilekhon ka bhandaar hai tatha yahaaain san‌ 1885 mein sthaapit jvingali ki pratima hai. naveen bhavanon mein raashtreeya sangrahaalaya sabse bhavya hai, jismein svitsaralaind ke sabhi kaalon evam kalaaon ka adbhoot sangrah hai. joorik shiksha ka prasiddh kendra hai. yahaaain vishvavidyaalaya, praavidhik sansthaan tatha anya vidyaalaya hain. yahaaain ka vaanaspatik baag sansaar ke prasiddh vaanaspatik baagon mein se ek hai. is nagar mein reshami evam sooti vastr, masheenon ke purje, mombatti, saabun, surti, chheent ka kapda (calico), kaagaj tatha chamade ki vastueain banaane ke udyog hain.