jungaar log

saral (Saral), jo maanhu logon ke cheen aur mangoliya par raaj karne vaale ching raajavansh ki fauj mein jungaar jaati ka ek afsar tha

jungaar (mangol: Зaaүaaүaaнaaгaaаaaр, kajaakh: Жaaоaaңaaғaaаaaр, angreji: Dzungar) mangol logon ki oirat shaakha ki ek upashaakha ka naam hai jinhonein 17veen aur 18veen sadi mein apni jungaar khaanat chalaai thi. aitihaasik roop se ve oirat upajaati ke chaar pramukh kbeelon mein se ek rahe hain (anya teen toraguta​, dorabet aur khoshoota​ hain). mangol bhaasha mein 'juungaar' shabd ka matlab 'baahinein haath' hota hai. aadhunik yug mein jungaar log mangoliya aur cheen mein rahate hain aur mangoliya mein unki janasainkhya 15,520 anumaanit ki gayi thi.[1]

anukram

vivran

16veen sadi mein mangoliya mein uttari yuaan raajavansh ka kaal chal raha tha, jo ek mangol raajavansh tha aur sinhaasan par tumen jasagtoo Khan (Tüamen Jasagtu Khan) baitha tha. usane jab apna saamraajya vistrut kiya to bahut se mangol aur tungusi kbeelon ne usaki adheenata sveekaar li lekin kuchh oirat us ke viruddh joojhe. iske baad 17veen sadi isavi mein khlkha mangol kbeele ka altaan Khan mangolon par apna shaasan jamaana chaahata tha aur in oirat kbeelon ne usaki adheenata na sveekaarate hue us se ladaai ki. khlkha poorvi mangol hote hain jabki oirat pashchimi mangol hain. aage chalakar cheen aur mangoliya par maanhu logon ka adhikaar hua to in oiraton ne maanhuon se bhi takkar li. oirat mangolon ka yahi upasamudaaya 'jungaar' kahalaaya. shuroo mein to jungaar keval ooled (Oöaled), doravod (Döarvöad) aur khoit (Khoit) kbeelon ka parisangh the, lekin aage chalakar inmein toraguta​ aur khoshoot kbeelon ke bhi kuchh anshon ko jbaradasti shaamil kar liya gaya. jungaaron mein lokaboliyon ke aadhaar par yeh maanyata hai ki ve changej Khan ke jmaane mein stepi kshetr par ghoomane vaale naayaman logon ke vanshaj hain, jo ek Turkey-mangol kbeela hua karta tha.

naamon ke uchchaaran

dhyaan dein ki 'khoshoot', 'Khan' aur 'khlkha' jaise shabdon mein bindu-vaale 'kh' akshar ke uchchaaran bindu-rahit 'kh' se jra bhinn hai. iska uchchaaran 'khraab' aur 'khreed' ke 'kh' se milta hai. yeh bhi dhyaan dein ki 'toraguta​' mein bindu-vaale 'g' akshar ke uchchaaran bhi bindu-rahit 'g' se jra bhinn hai. iska uchchaaran 'glati' aur 'greeb' shabdon ke 'g' se milta hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh