joonaagadh

Junagadh
city
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Gujarat
jila Junagadh
janasankhya 9,067[1] (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 107 meter (351 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: www.junagadhmunicipal.org

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a31′aN 70°a28′aE / 21.52°aN 70.47°aE / 21.52; 70.47

Junagadh ek nagar, Bhaarat ke Gujarat praant mein ek nagar paalika evam janapad mukhyaalaya hai. yeh shahar girnaar pahaadiyon ke nichle hisse par sthit hai. mandiron ki bhoomi joonaagadh girnaar hil ki god mein basa hua hai. yeh muslim shaasak baabi navaab ke raajya joonaagadh ki rajdhani tha. gujaraati bhaasha mein joonaagadh ka arth hota hai praacheen kila. is par kai vanshon ne shaasan kiya. yahaan samay-samay par hindu, bauddh, jain aur muslim, in chaar pramukh dharmon ka prabhaav raha hai. vibhinn raajaneetik aur dhaarmik shaaktiyon ke samanvaya ke kaaran joonaagadh bahumoolya sanskruti ka dhani raha hai. iska udaaharan hai joonaagadh ki anokhi sthaapatya kala, jiski jhalak joonaagadh mein aaj bhi dekhi ja sakti hai.

joonaagadh do bhaagon mein vibhk‍aat hai. ek mukh‍aaya shahar hai jiske chaaro or deevaaron se kileban‍aadi ki gayi hai. doosra pash‍aichm mein hai jise aparakot kaha jaata hai. aparakot ek praacheen durg hai jo shahar se bahut oopar sthit hai. yeh kila maurya aur gupt shaasakon ke liye bahut majaboot saabit hua kyonki is kile ne vishisht sthaan par sthit hone aur durgam raah ke kaaran pichhle 1000 varsho se lagbhag 16 aakramanon ka safalataapoorvak saamana kiya. aparakot ka praveshadvaar hindu toran sthaapatya kala ka achha namoona hai. bauddh gufa aur Baba pyaara ki gufa (doosari shataabdi), adi-kaadi vaav, navaghan kuaan aur jaami masjid yahaan ke pramukh darshaneeya sthal hai.

anukram

itihaas

joonaagadh ke praacheen shahar ka naamakaran ek puraane durg ke naam par hua hai. yeh girnaar parvat ke sameep sthit hai. yahaaain poorv-hadppa kaal ke sthalon ki khudaai hui hai. is shahar ka nirmaan nauveen shataabdi mein hua tha. yeh choodaasama raajapooton ki rajdhani thi. yeh ek riyaasat thi. girnaar ke raaste mein ek gahre rang ki besaalt chattaan hai, jis par teen raajavanshon ka pratinidhitv karne wala shilaalekh ankit hai. maurya shaasak ashok (lagbhag 260-238 E.poo.) rudradaaman (150 E.) aur skandagupt (lagbhag 455-467). yahaaain 100-700 E. ke dauraan bauddhon dvaara banaai gayi gufaaon ke saath ek stoop bhi hai. shahar ke nikat sthit kai mandir aur masjidein iske lambe aur jatil itihaas ko udghaatit karte hain. yahaaain teesari shataabdi E.poo. ki bauddh gufaaeain, patthar par utkeernit samraat ashok ka aadeshapatr aur girnaar pahaad ki chotiyon par kaheen-kaheen jain mandir sthit hain. 15veen shataabdi tak raajapooton ka gadh rahe joonaagadh par 1472 mein Gujarat ke Mehmood begadha ne kbja kar liya, jinhonne ise mustafaabaad naam diya aur yahaaain ek masjid banvaai, jo ab khandahar ho chuki hai.

krushi aur khanij

joonaagadh ke pramukh krushi utpaadon mein kapaas, jvaar-baajara, dalahan, tilhan aur ganna shaamil hain. veraaval tatha porabandar yahaaain ke pramukh bandargaah hain aur yahaaain machhali pakadne ka kaam bhi hota hai. is nagar mein vaanijyik evam nirmaan kendra hain.

shiksha

yahaaain Gujarat krushi vishvavidyaalaya se sambaddh mahaavidyaalaya hain. yahaaain ke shaikshanik sansthaanon mein college of egreekalchar engineering aind technology aur the J.si E. ti. S. kaamars college shaamil hain.

pramukh aakarshan

ashok ke shilaalekh (aadeshapatr)

girnaar jaane ke raaste par samraat ashok dvaara lagavaae gaye shilaalekhon ko dekha ja sakta hai. ye shilaalekh vishaal pat‍aatharon par ut‍aakeern hain. ashok ne kul chaudah shilaalekh lagavaae the. in shilaalekhon mein raajakeeya aadesh khude hue hain. iske atirik‍aat ismein naitik niyam bhi likhe hue hain. ye aadeshapatr raaja ke paropakaari vyavahaar aur kaaryo ka pramaanapatr hai. ashok ke shilaalekhon par hi shak raaja rudradaam tatha [s‍aakandagup‍aat] ke khudavaaye abhilekhon ko dekha ja sakta hai. rudradaam ne 150 E. mein tatha s‍aakandagup‍aat ne 450 E. mein ye abhilekh khudavaaye the. is abhilekh ki ek visheshata yeh bhi hai ki rudradaam ke abhilekh ko hi sans‍aakrut bhaasha ka pratham shilaalekh maana jaata hai.

aparakot kila

maana jaata hai ki is kile ka nirmaan yaadavon ne dvaarika aane par karavaaya tha (jo Krishna Bhagwan se sambandhit the). aparakot ki deevaarein kisi-kisi sthaan par 20 meter tak oonchi hai. kile par ki gayi nak‍aakaashi abhi bhi surakshit avas‍atha mein hai. is kile mein bahut si roochijnak aur darshaneeya vastuon mein pashchimi deevaar par lagi do tope hain. in topon ka naam neelam aur kaandal hai. in topon ka nirmaan misr mein hua tha. is kile ke chaaron or 200 isvi poorv se 200 isvi tak ki bauddh gufaaen hai.

sakkarabaag praaneeudyaan

joonaagadh ka yeh praaneeudyaan Gujarat ka sabse puraana praaneeudyaan hai. yeh praaneeudyaan gir ke vikhyaat sher ke alaava cheete aur teinduaa ke liye prasiddh hai. gir ke sheron ko lup‍aatapraaya hone se bachaane ke liye joonaagadh ke navaab ne 1863 isvi mein is praaneeudyaan ka nirmaan karavaaya tha. yahaan sher ke alaava baagh, teinduaa, bhaaloo, geedad, jangali gadhe, saanp aur chidiya bhi dekhne ko milti hai. yeh praaneeudyaan lagbhag 500 ekad mein faila hua hai.

gir vanyajeev abhyaaranya

vanya praaniyon se samruddh gir abhyaaranya lagbhag 1424 varg kilometer mein faila hua hai. is vanya abhyaaranya mein adhisankh‍aaya maatra mein pushp aur jeev-jantuon ki prajaatiyaan milti hai. yahaan stanadhaariyon ki 30 prajaatiyaan, sareesrup varg ki 20 prajaatiyaan aur keedon- makodon tatha pakshiyon ki bhi bahut si prajaatiyaan pai jaati hai. dakshini Africa ke alaava vish‍aav ka yahi aisa ekalauta sthaan hai jahaan sheron ko apne praakrutik aavaas mein rahate hue dekha ja sakta hai. jungle ke sher ke liye antim aashray ke roop mein gir ka jungle, Bhaarat ke mahatvapoorn vanya abhyaaranyon mein se ek hai. gir ke jungle ko san 1969 mein vanya jeev abhyaaranya banaaya gaya aur 6 varshon baad iska 140.4 varg kilometer mein vistaar karke ise raashtreeya udyaan ke roop mein sthaapit kar diya gaya. yeh abh‍aayaaran‍aaya ab lagbhag 258.71 varg kilometer tak vistrut ho chuka hai. vanya jeevon ko sarakshann pradaan karne ke prayaas se ab sheron ki sankhya badhakar 312 ho gayi hai.

sookhein pataad vaale vrukshon, kaantedaar jhaadiyon ke alaava hare-bhare pedon se samruddh gir ka jungle nadi ke kinaare basa hua hai. yahaan ke mukhya vrukshon mein saagavaan, sheesham, babool, ber, jaamun, beel aadi hai.

Bhaarat ke sabse bade kad ka hiran, saanbhar, cheetal, neelagaaya, chinkaara aur baarahasinga bhi yahaan dekha ja sakta hai saath hi yahaan bhaaloo aur badi poonchh vaale langoor bhi bhaari maatra mein paae jaate hai. kuchh hi log jaante honge ki gir Bhaarat ka ek achha pakshi abhyaaranya bhi hai. yahaan falagi wala baaj, kathafodava, ereeol, jangali maina aur pairaadaaij falaaikechar bhi dekha ja sakta hai. saath hi yeh adholiya, vaaladera, ratanaghuna aur peepaliya aadi pakshiyon ko bhi dekhne ke liye upayukt sthaan hai. is jungle mein magaramachhon ke liye form ka vikaas kiya ja raha hai jo yahaan ke aakarshan ko or bhi badha dega.

darshakon ke liye gir vanya abhyaaranya madhya October maheene se lekar madhya June tak khola jaata hai lekin monsoon ke mausam mein ise band kar diya jaata hai.

bauddh gufa

bauddh gufa chattaanon ko kaat kar banaayi gayi hai. is gufa mein susajjit khanbhe, gufa ka alankrut praveshadvaar, paani ke sangrah ke liye banaae gaye jal kund, chaitya hall, vairaagiyon ka praarthana kaksh, chaitya khidkiyaan sthaapatya kala ka adbhut udaaharan pesh karti hain. shahar mein sthit khaapara-kodiya ki gufaaen bhi dekhne laayak hai.

adi-kaadi vev aur navaghan kuaan

adi-kaadi vev aur navaghan kuaan ka nirmaan choodaasama raajapooton ne karaaya tha. in kuon ki sanrachana aam kuon se bil‍aakul alag tarah ki hai. paani ke sangrah ke liye iski alag tarah ki sanrachana ki gayi thi. ye donon kuen yuddh ke samay do saalon tak paani ki kami ko poora kar sakte the. adi-kadi vaav tak pahunchane ke liye 120 paayadaan neeche utarana hota hai jabki navaghan kunaa 52 meter ki gaharaai mein hai. in kuon tak pahunchane ke liye golaakaar seedhiyaan bani hui hai.

jaami masjid

jaami masjid moolat: raanakeedevi ka nivaas sthaan tha. mohammad begada ne joonaagadh fatah ke dauraan (1470 isvi) apni vijay ki yaad mein ise masjid mein tabdeel kar diya tha. yahaan anya aakarshanon mein neelam top hai jise Turkey ke raaja sulemaan ke aadesh par purtagaaliyon se ladne ke liye banavaaya gaya tha. yeh top misr se deev ke raaste I thi.

anya darshaneeya sthal

ambe maata ka mandir

ambe maata ka mandir pahaad ki choti par sthit hai. yahaan par navavivaahit jode shaadi ke baad apne vaivaahik jeevan ko sukhamaya banaane ke liye maata ka aasheervaad lene aate hai.

mallinaath ka mandir

9vein jain teerthankar mallinaath ki yaad mein 1177 isvi poorv mein do bhaaiyon ne is trimandir ka nirmaan karavaaya tha. utsavon ke samay yeh mandir saadhuon ke rahane ka pansadeeda sthaan hota hai. November-December maheene ki kaartik poornima par yahaan bahut bade mele ka aayojan kiya jaata hai.

Junagadh sangrahaalaya

joo mein sthit is sangrahaalaya mein hastalipi, praacheen sikke, chitrakala aur puraatatveeya saahitya ke saath-saath praakrutik itihaas ka ek vibhaag hai.

ayurvedik college

joonaagadh ke poorv navaab ke raajamahal sadarabaag mein sthit yeh mahaavidyaalaya ayurvedik davaaiyon ka ek chhota sangrahaalaya hai.

darbaar hall sangrahaalaya

yeh vah hall hai jahaan joonaagadh ke navaab apne darbaar ka aayojan karte the. yahaan par chitron, paalakiyon aur shastron ke prardashan ke bahut se vibhaag bane hue hai.

narasinh Mehta choro

yeh ek vishaal s‍aathaan hai. yeh saadageepoorn tareeke se bana hua hai. isi jagah par 15veen shataabdi mein mahaan sant kavi narasinh Mehta ke pravachanon aur sabhaaon ka aayojan hota tha. yahaan par gopanaath ka ek chhota mandir tatha shri Damodar rai ji aur narasinh Mehta ki pratimaaen bhi hai.

Damodar kund

is pavitra kund ke chaaron or ghaat (nahaane ke liye) ka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. aisa vish‍aavaas kiya jaata hai ki is ghaat par Bhagwan shri Krishna ne mahaan sant kavi narasinh Mehta ko foolon ka haar pahanaaya tha.

aavaagaman

havaai maarg

joonaagadh se takareeban 40 kilometer ki doori par keshod aur 113 kilometer ki doori par porabandar airport hai. Rajkot bhi havaai maarg se isse juda hua hai.

rel maarg

joonaagadh railway station Ahmedabad aur Rajkot railway laain par padta hai

sadak maarg

joonaagadh Rajkot se (102 kilometer), porabandar se (113 kilometer) aur Ahmedabad se (327 kilometer) ki doori par sthit hai. saath hi yeh varaaval se bhi juda hua hai. sthaaneeya parivhan: auto riksha aur sthaaneeya bason se aasaani se joonaagadh pahuncha ja sakta hai. private aur raajya parivhan ki lakjari basein aasaani se upalabdh ho jaati hai aur vibhinn prakaar ki car bhi kiraaye par milti hai.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar joonaagadh shahar ki janasankhya 1,68,686 hai aur joonaagadh jile ki janasankhya 24,48,427 hai.

sandarbh

  1. "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/View_Village_Population.aspx?pcaid=616779&category=VILLAGE. abhigman tithi: 27 March 2012.

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