jon of aark

sant jon of aark
lagbhag 1485 mein kalaakaar ne apni kalpana se banaai tasveer, in ko bithaakar ek hi tasveer bani thi jo ki ab naheen bachi hai. (saunthr istoreek dejaarkaaivj naasiyonaal, pairis, AE II 2490)
sant
janm lagbhag 1412, domaremi-la-pusail, France Blason Lorraine.svg
mrutyu May 30, 1431(1431-05-30) (umr 19), rooaun, France (tab inglaind)
bhakt roman Catholic church
"dhanya" ghoshit 18 April 1909, nothr daam the paari , Pope paayas dasham dvaara
sant ghoshit 16 May 1920, seint peetars besilika, rom , Pope benedikt pandrahavaaain dvaara
bhoj-diwas 30 May
sanrakshan France Blason Jeanne-d-Arc.svg; shaheed, bandi, ladaake, dharmanishtha ke kaaran upahaas ke paatr bane log, kaidi, sainik

sant jon of aark ya orliyns ki kanya (fraanseesi: Jeanne d'Arc, jaun the'aark); lagbhag 1412 – 30 May 1431) France ki veeraangana theen, jinhein roman Catholic church mein sant maana jaata hai. ye poorvi France ke ek kisaan parivaar mein janmi theen. 12 varsh ki aayu se inhein ishvareeya sandesh milne shuru hue ki kis tarah France se angrejon ko nikaal baahar kiya jaae. inheen disha-nirdeshon ka paalan karte hue inhonne France ki sena ka netrutv kiya aur kai mahatvapoorn ladaaiyaaain jeeteen, jinke chalte Charles saptam France ki raajagaddi par baith paae. ye France ke sanrakshak santon mein se ek haiain.

jon ka kehna tha ki inhein ishvar se aadesh mile ki ve apni janmabhoomi ko angrejon se mukt karaaeain. sau varshon ke yuddh ke antim varshon mein inglaind ne France ke kaafi bhoobhaag par kabja kar liya tha. France ke vaidh raaja Charles saptam ka raajyaabhishek bhi naheen ho paaya tha. jon ne jab Charles ko bataaya ki ishvareeya sandesh ke anusaar orliyns mein France ki jeet nishchit hai, to Charles ne jon ko orliyns ki gheraabandi todne ke liye bhej diya. orliyns pahuainch kar jon ne hatotsaahit senaapatiyon ko utsaah dilaaya aur nau din ke andar-andar gheraabandi ko tod daala. iske baad inhonne France ki sena ki saavadhaani se kaam lene ki neeti ko badal diya aur apne sfoort netrutv se kai aur ladaaiyaaain jeeteen. antat: inke kahe anusaar raim mein Charles saptam ka raajyaabhishek hua. kaumpiyain mein inhein angrejon ne pakad liya aur chudail karaar dete hue jeevit jala diya. us samay ye keval 19 saal ki theen. 24 saal baad Charles saptam ke anurodh par Pope kailikstas truteeya ne inhein nirdosh thaharaaya aur shaheed ki upaadhi se sammaanit kiya. 1909 mein inhein dhanya ghoshit kiya gaya aur 1920 mein sant ki upaadhi pradaan ki gayi.

paashchaatya sanskruti mein jon of aark ki bahut mahatta hai. nepoliyn se lekar aadhunik netaaon tak, sab fraanseesi raajaneta jon ka aahvaan karte aae hain. bahut se lekhakon ne inke jeevan se prerit ho saahitya racha hai, jinmein shaamil hain- William sheksapiyr, volteyar, fredarik shilr, jisep vardi, pyotr ilich chaaikauvski, mark tven, bartolt braicht aur George barnaard shau. iske alaava inapar bahut si filmein, vruttachitr, video game aur nrutya bhi bane hain.

chitr deergha

baahari kadiyaaain